Dataset Information


CCN1 promotes IL-1? production in keratinocytes by activating p38 MAPK signaling in psoriasis.

ABSTRACT: CCN1, an extracellular protein also known as cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61), is a novel pro-inflammatory factor involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. As an inflammatory disease, psoriasis is characterized by keratinocyte activation-induced epidermal hyperplasia and cytokine-mediated inflammation. We demonstrated in our previous study that CCN1 promoted keratinocyte activation in psoriasis. However, the role of CCN1 in regulating inflammation in psoriasis is still unknown. Here, we showed that CCN1 increased inflammatory cytokine IL-1? production in keratinocytes. Furthermore, endogenous ATP and caspase-1 were required for mature IL-1? production stimulated by CCN1 in keratinocytes. After binding to the receptor of integrin ?6?1, CCN1 activated the downstream p38 MAPK signaling pathway, thus inducing the expression of IL-1?. In addition, we inhibited CCN1 function in mouse models of psoriasis, and decreased IL-1? production was observed in vivo. Overall, we showed that CCN1 increased IL-1? production via p38 MAPK signaling, indicating a role for CCN1 protein in regulating inflammation in psoriasis.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5339692 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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