MiR-885-5p suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis and inhibits Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway.
ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) inhibit or improve the malignant progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We previously reported that compared to health controls, patients with liver cirrhosis present the highest levels of circulating miR-885-5p, followed by those with chronic hepatitis B and those with HCC. However, the molecular involvement of miR-885-5p in HCC metastasis is presently unclear. Here, we demonstrated that the expression of miR-885-5p negatively correlated with the invasive and metastatic capabilities of human HCC tissue samples and cell lines. We found that miR-885-5p expression levels correlated with the survival of patients with HCC. Overexpression of miR-885-5p decreased metastasis of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Inhibition of miR-885-5p improved proliferation of non-metastatic HCC cells. Furthermore, we disclosed that miR-885-5p targeted gene encoding ?-catenin CTNNB1, leading to decreased activity of the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway. The present study indicates that miR-885-5p suppresses the metastasis of HCC and inhibits Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway by its CTNNB1 target, which suggests that miR-885-5p to be a promising negative regulator of HCC progression and as a novel therapeutic agent to treat HCC.
Project description:Hepatoblastoma (HBL) is the most common pediatric liver cancer. In this malignant neoplasm, beta-catenin protein accumulates and increases Wnt signaling due to recurrent activating mutations in the catenin-beta 1 (CTNNB1) gene. Therefore, beta-catenin is a key therapeutic target in HBL. However, controlling beta-catenin production with therapeutic molecules has been challenging. New biological studies could provide alternative therapeutic solutions for the treatment of HBL, especially for advanced tumors and metastatic disease. In this study, we identified microRNAs (miRNAs) that target beta-catenin and block HBL cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Using our dual-fluorescence-FunREG system, we screened a library of 1,712 miRNA mimics and selected candidates inhibiting CTNNB1 expression through interaction with its untranslated regions. After validating the regulatory effect of nine miRNAs on beta-catenin in HBL cells, we measured their expression in patient samples. Let-7i-3p, miR-449b-3p, miR-624-5p, and miR-885-5p were decreased in tumors compared to normal livers. Moreover, they inhibited HBL cell growth and Wnt signaling activity in vitro partly through beta-catenin down-regulation. Additionally, miR-624-5p induced cell senescence in vitro, blocked experimental HBL growth in vivo, and directly targeted the beta-catenin 3'-untranslated region. Conclusion: Our results shed light on how beta-catenin-regulating miRNAs control HBL progression through Wnt signaling inactivation. In particular, miR-624-5p may constitute a promising candidate for miRNA replacement therapy for HBL patients. (Hepatology Communications 2017;1:168-183).
Project description:Growing tumor cells possess a distinct metabolic phenomenon that allows them to preferentially utilize glucose through aerobic glycolysis, which is referred to as the "Warburg effect." Accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) could regulate such metabolic reprogramming. Our microarray analysis and quantitative real-time PCR validation revealed that miR-885-5p was strongly downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cell lines. To investigate miR-885-5p's biological functions in HCC progression, malignant phenotypes were analyzed in different types of hypoxic model and indicated that overexpression of miR-885-5p significantly inhibited HCC cell proliferation and migration and induced apoptosis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Subsequent investigations of whether miR-885-5p regulated the glycometabolic activity of cancer cells demonstrated that forced expression of miR-885-5p in SMMC-7721 cells significantly reduced glucose uptake and lactate production by repressing several key enzymes related to glycolysis. Particularly, miR-885-5p directly targets the 3' UTR of hexokinase 2 (HK2), which is a key enzyme that catalyzes the irreversible first step of glycolysis and associates with poor patient outcomes. The miR-885-5p/HK2 axis strongly links aerobic glycolysis to carcinogenesis and may become a promising therapeutic target and prognostic predictor for HCC patients.
Project description:Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world and liver is the most frequent site of distant metastasis with poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate microRNAs leading to liver metastasis. We applied microarray analysis and quantitative PCR to identify and validate dysregulated miRNAs in liver metastases when compared to primary CRCs. Functional significance and the underlying molecular mechanism of selected miRNA was demonstrated by a series of in vitro and in vivo assays. Our microarray analysis and subsequent quantitative PCR validation revealed that miR-885-5p was strongly up-regulated in liver metastases and in CRC cell-lines derived from distant metastases. Overexpression of miR-885-5p significantly induced cell migration, cell invasion, formation of stress fibre in vitro and development of liver and lung metastases in vivo. MiR-885-5p induced metastatic potential of CRC by repressing cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 2 transcription through directly binding to two binding sites on its 3' untranslated region, and consequently led to up-regulation of TWIST1 and hence epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Our findings demonstrated the overexpression of miR-885-5p in liver metastasis and its roles in inducing CRC metastasis, potentiating development of miR-885-5p inhibitor to treat advanced CRC in the future.
Project description:Circulating miRNAs (microRNAs) are emerging as promising biomarkers for several pathological conditions, and the aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using serum miRNAs as biomarkers for liver pathologies. Real-time qPCR (quantitative PCR)-based TaqMan MicroRNA arrays were first employed to profile miRNAs in serum pools from patients with HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) or LC (liver cirrhosis) and from healthy controls. Five miRNAs (i.e. miR-885-5p, miR-574-3p, miR-224, miR-215 and miR-146a) that were up-regulated in the HCC and LC serum pools were selected and further quantified using real-time qPCR in patients with HCC, LC, CHB (chronic hepatitis B) or GC (gastric cancer) and in normal controls. The present study revealed that more than 110 miRNA species in the serum samples and wide distribution ranges of serum miRNAs were observed. The levels of miR-885-5p were significantly higher in sera from patients with HCC, LC and CHB than in healthy controls or GC patients. miR-885-5p yielded an AUC [the area under the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve] of 0.904 [95% CI (confidence interval), 0.837-0.951, P<0.0001) with 90.53% sensitivity and 79.17% specificity in discriminating liver pathologies from healthy controls, using a cut off value of 1.06 (normalized). No correlations between increased miR-885-5p and liver function parameters [AFP (?-fetoprotein), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and GGT (?-glutamyl transpeptidase)] were observed in patients with liver pathologies. In summary, miR-885-5p is significantly elevated in the sera of patients with liver pathologies, and our data suggest that serum miRNAs could serve as novel complementary biomarkers for the detection and assessment of liver pathologies.
Project description:<h4>Objective</h4>Ovarian follicular development, which dependent on the proliferation and differentiation of granulosa cells (GCs), is a complex biological process in which miRNA plays an important role. Our previous study showed that miR-458b-5p is associated with ovarian follicular development in chicken. The detailed function and molecular mechanism of miR-458b-5p in GCs is unclear.<h4>Methods</h4>The luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-458b-5p and catenin beta-1 (CTNNB1), which is an important transcriptional regulatory factor of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry with propidium iodide (PI) and annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeling were applied to explore the effect of miR-458b-5p on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of chicken GCs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels.<h4>Results</h4>We demonstrated that the expression of miR-458b-5p and CTNNB1 showed the opposite relationship in GCs and theca cells of hierarchical follicles. The luciferase reporter assay confirmed that CTNNB1 is the direct target of miR-458b-5p. Using CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry with PI and Annexin V-FITC labeling, we observed that transfection with the miR-458b-5p mimics significantly reduced proliferation and has no effects on apoptosis of chicken GCs. In addition, miR-458b-5p decreased the mRNA and protein expression of CD44 molecule and matrix metallopeptidase 7, which are the downstream effectors of CTNNB1 in Wnt/β-Catenin pathway and play functional roles in cell proliferation.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Taken together, the data indicate that miR-458b-5p regulates ovarian GCs proliferation through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by targeting CTNNB1, suggesting that miR-458b-5p and its target gene CTNNB1 may potentially play a role in chicken ovarian follicular development.
Project description:Several microRNA (miRNA) loci are found within genomic regions frequently deleted in primary neuroblastoma, including miR-885-5p at 3p25.3. In this study, we demonstrate that miR-885-5p is downregulated on loss of 3p25.3 region in neuroblastoma. Experimentally enforced miR-885-5p expression in neuroblastoma cell lines inhibits proliferation triggering cell cycle arrest, senescence and/or apoptosis. miR-885-5p leads to the accumulation of p53 protein and activates the p53 pathway, resulting in upregulation of p53 targets. Enforced miR-885-5p expression consistently leads to downregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK2) and mini-chromosome maintenance protein (MCM5). Both genes are targeted by miR-885-5p via predicted binding sites within the 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) of CDK2 and MCM5. Transcript profiling after miR-885-5p introduction in neuroblastoma cells reveals alterations in expression of multiple genes, including several p53 target genes and a number of factors involved in p53 pathway activity. Taken together, these data provide evidence that miR-885-5p has a tumor suppressive role in neuroblastoma interfering with cell cycle progression and cell survival.
Project description:Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor. Numerous studies have strongly implicated the ectopic expression of microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs), including miR-885-5p, which is aberrantly expressed in several cancer types, in multiple cancer-related processes. However, the role of miR-885-5p in OS remains unknown. In the present study, it was found that the expression of miR-885-5p was markedly upregulated in OS cell lines and clinical tissues. Moreover, high expression of miR-885-5p was significantly associated with the development of OS. The human OS MG-63 cell line was transfected with recombinant lentivirus to regulate miR-885-5p expression. Overexpressed miR-885-5p significantly promoted the proliferation and migration of MG-63 cells in vitro, while downregulating miR-885-5p expression reversed these effects. Furthermore, bioinformatic analysis was used to predict the potential target genes of miR-885-5p, and cell division cycle protein 73 homolog (CDC73) was identified as a novel and direct target of miR-885-5p. This interaction was further confirmed using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and luciferase activity assays. These findings suggest that miR-885-5p serves a critical role in facilitating OS proliferation and migration, and can regulate CDC73 expression in OS cells and tissues. Thus, miR-885-5p could be a promising novel therapeutic biomarker for OS.
Project description:Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in the regulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), and CSCs are closely associated with tumor initiation, metastasis, and recurrence. Here we found that miR-150-5p was significantly downregulated in CSCs of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its expression level was negatively correlated with disease progression and poor survival in patients with NSCLC. Inhibition of miR-150-5p increased the CSC population and sphere formation of NSCLC cells in vitro and stimulated NSCLC cell tumorigenicity and metastatic colonization in vivo. In contrast, miR-150-5p overexpression potently inhibited sphere-formed NSCLC cell tumor formation, metastatic colonization, and recurrence in xenograft models. Furthermore, we identified that miR-150-5p significantly inhibited wingless (Wnt)-?-catenin signaling by simultaneously targeting glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta interacting protein (GSKIP) and ?-catenin in NSCLC cells. miR-150-5p also targeted high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2), another regulator of CSCs, and Wnt-?-catenin signaling. The restoration of HMGA2 and ?-catenin blocked miR-150-5p overexpression-induced inhibition of CSC traits in NSCLC cells. These findings suggest that miR-150-5p functions as a CSC suppressor and that overexpression of miR-150-5p may be a novel strategy to inhibit CSC-induced metastasis and recurrence in NSCLC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:High frequency of recurrence is the major cause of the poor outcomes for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). microRNA (miR)-182-5p emerged as a high-priority miRNA in HCC and was found to be related to HCC metastasis. Whether the expression of miR-182-5p in tumor tissue correlated with early recurrence in HCC patients underwent curative surgery was unknown. METHODS:Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH) were conducted to assess the expression of miR-182-5p in HCC cells and tissues. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), transwell assays were performed to detected cells proliferation and migration ability. Flow cytometry assays were used to detect cell apoptosis rate, and xenograft model was employed to study miR-182-5p in HCC growth and lung metastasis. The target of miR-182-5p was validated with a dual-luciferase reporter assay and western blotting. Immunohistochemistry, immumoblotting, and immunoprecipitation were performed to test relative protein expression. RESULTS:We showed that high expression of miR-182-5p in tumor tissues correlated with poor prognosis as well as early recurrence in HCC patients underwent curative surgery. miR-182-5p enhanced motility and invasive ability of HCC cells both in vitro and in vivo. miR-182-5p directly targets 3'-UTR of FOXO3a and repressed FOXO3a expression, activating AKT/FOXO3a pathway to promote HCC proliferation. Notably, miR-182-5p activated Wnt/?-catenin signaling by inhibiting the degradation of ?-catenin and enhancing the interaction between ?-catenin and TCF4 which was mediated by repressed FOXO3a. CONCLUSIONS:Consistently, miR-182-5p can be a potential predictor of early recurrence for HCC patients underwent curative surgery, and FOXO3a plays a key mediator in miR-182-5p induced HCC progression.
Project description:As miR-885-5p is a microRNA downregulated in Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE) and it is localted in the epidemis and its function is focused in keratinocytes, human Arrays to study the role of miR-885-5p in Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosius will be conducted.Gene expression in keratinocytes transfected with anti-miR-885-5p will be studied. We have included 24 Samples: Non-stimulated control (4), Non-stimulated anti-miR-885-5p (4), UVB-stimulated control (4), UVB-stimulated antimiR-885-5p (4), IFN alpha-stimulated control (4) and IFN alpha-stimulated anti-miR-885-5p Overall design: Microarray gene expression profiling. We will compare the gene expression of keratinocytes with miR-885-5p inhibited vs control. Keraitnocytes were cultured in 24 well plated and transfected with anti-miR-885-5p or anti-miRNA control according to standard protocols. 24h post-transfection, they will be stimulated with different inflammatory treatments: UVB 25 mJ/cm2, IFN alpha 10 ng/mL or PBS (control, non-stimualted). UVB and IFN alpha are known CLE triggers and revelant in the pathogenesis of CLE. Three comparisons will be analysed in order to understand the role of miR-885-5p: 1) Non-stimulated control vs Non-stimulated anti-miR 885-5p 2) UVB control vs UVB anti-miR-885-5p. 3) IFN alpha control vs IFN alpha anti-miR-885-5p.