Iulomorphid millipedes (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Iulomorphidae) of Tasmania, Australia.
ABSTRACT: Tasmanian Iulomorphidae are here assigned to the genera Amastigogonus Brölemann, 1913, Atelomastix Attems, 1911 and Equestrigonusgen. n. Descriptions or redescriptions are given for Amastigogonus danpicolasp. n., Amastigogonus elephassp. n., Amastigogonus fossuliger Verhoeff, 1944, Amastigogonus hardyi (Chamberlin, 1920), Amastigogonus hellyerisp. n., Amastigogonus michaelsaesp. n., Amastigogonus orientalissp. n., Amastigogonus peninsulensissp. n., Amastigogonus tasmanianus Brölemann, 1913 (type species of Amastigogonus), Amastigogonus verreauxii (Gervais, 1847), Atelomastix bonhamisp. n., Atelomastix smithisp. n. and Equestrigonus tasmaniensisgen. n., sp. n. The synonymy of Amastigogonus nichollsii Verhoeff, 1944 with Amastigogonus hardyi is accepted, and lectotypes are designated for Amastigogonus nichollsii and Amastigogonus tasmanianus.
Project description:The Southern Hemisphere cambaloid millipede genera are here assigned or re-assigned to the families Cambalidae Bollman, 1893 and Iulomorphidae Verhoeff, 1924. <i>Tasmanocambala</i> is erected for the three Tasmanian cambalids, <i>T.greeni</i> <b>gen. n., sp. n.</b> (type species), <i>T.tasmanica</i> <b>sp. n.</b> and <i>T.taylori</i> <b>sp. n.</b> The new genus is distinguished by a thin, transverse tab at the tip of the anterior gonopod telopodite with a comb of setae immediately behind the tab. The iulomorphid <i>Talomiusweldensis</i> <b>gen. n., sp. n.</b> is described from a single site in Tasmania's southern mountain district. The new species is unusual among the Australian Iulomorphidae in having a fully-developed, ambulatory leg 1 in the male, and small, compact gonopods.
Project description:TWO NEW SPECIES ARE DESCRIBED FROM CAVES IN SEVERAL GREEK ISLANDS IN THE AEGEAN SEA: Galliocookia gracilis sp. n., a presumed troglobite from Rhodes, Dodecanese Islands, and Sphaeroparia simplex sp. n., likely a troglophile from Kithnos, Cyclades, and Chios, Eastern Sporades. These genera are assigned to the family Trichopolydesmidae Verhoeff, 1910. Because Sphaeroparia Attems, 1909, an Afrotropical genus, nicely bridges the gap, both morphologically and geographically, between the Euro-Mediterranean Trichopolydesmidae and the much more diverse, pantropical Fuhrmannodesmidae Brölemann, 1916, the latter family is considered as a new junior subjective synonym of the former, syn. n. Thus expanded, the family Trichopolydesmidae is rediagnosed and its position within the superfamily Trichopolydesmoidea refined. Because the families Mastigonodesmidae Attems, 1914, Macrosternodesmidae Brölemann, 1916 and Nearctodesmidae Chamberlin & Hoffman, 1950 are also formally synonymized with Trichopolydesmidae, syn. n., the Trichopolydesmoidea currently contains only two families, Trichopolydesmidae and Opisotretidae Hoffman, 1980.
Project description:Species of the genus <i>Sadocus</i> Sørensen, 1886 are conspicuous gonyleptids that occur in Chile and Argentina. Here, the genus is revised for the first time and the cladistic analysis based on morphological characters does not corroborate its monophyly unless a phylogenetically unrelated species is excluded (explained further on). A new classification is proposed for the seven species left in the genus and considered valid, of the 13 nominal species previously recognized. Two out of the seven valid species are considered as species inquirendae: <i>Sadocus allermayeri</i> (Mello-Leitão, 1945) [= <i>Carampangue allermayeri</i> Mello-Leitão, 1945] and <i>Sadocus nigronotatus</i> (Mello-Leitão, 1943) [= <i>Carampangue nigronotatum</i> Mello-Leitão, 1943]. The following synonymies are proposed: <i>Sadocus bicornis</i> (Gervais, 1849) [original combination = <i>Gonyleptes bicornis</i> Gervais, 1849] is a junior synonym of <i>Sadocus asperatus</i> (Gervais, 1847) [= <i>Gonyleptes asperatus</i> Gervais, 1847]; <i>Sadocus conspicillatus</i> Roewer, 1913, <i>Sadocus exceptionalis</i> (Mello-Leitão, 1946) [= <i>Araucanoleptes exceptionalis</i> Mello-Leitão, 1946] and <i>Sadocus guttatus</i> Sørensen, 1902 are junior synonyms of the valid name <i>Sadocus polyacanthus</i> (Gervais, 1847) [= <i>Gonyleptes polyacanthus</i> Gervais, 1847]; and <i>Sadocus calcar</i> (Roewer, 1913) [= <i>Lycomedes calcar</i> Roewer, 1913] is a junior synonym of the valid name <i>Gonyleptes horridus</i> Kirby, 1819. <i>Sadocus brasiliensis</i> Soares & Soares, 1949 is not congeneric with Argentinean/Chilean species of the genus according to the cladistic analysis and is here synonymized with <i>Discocyrtus catharinensis</i> (Mello-Leitão, 1923 [= <i>Sadocus catharinensis</i> Mello-Leitão, 1923]).
Project description:A new gonibregmatid centipede, Vinaphilusunicus gen. n., sp. n., is described based on two females from a single location in northern Vietnam. The new genus and species are distinguished mainly by the arrangement of the ventral pore-fields, which is unique among all Chilopoda. A critically revised synopsis of the Gonibregmatidae is also given. In particular, three species are provisionally recognized in Himatosoma Pocock, 1891: H.bidivisum Silvestri, 1919, H.porosum Pocock, 1891 (= H.typicumtridivisum Silvestri, 1919, syn. n.), and H.typicum Pocock, 1891. The genera Dschangelophilus Verhoeff, 1937 and Tweediphilus Verhoeff, 1937, with their species D.coloratus Verhoeff, 1937 and T.malaccanus Verhoeff, 1937, are moved to the Gonibregmatidae, whereas Geoporophilusaporus Attems, 1930 is moved to the Oryidae as Orphnaeusaporus (Attems, 1930), comb. n.
Project description:Species of the spider family Telemidae Fage, 1913 from East and Southeast Asia are revised. Four new genera are erected: Mekonglema Zhao & Li, gen. nov. with the type species Mekonglema bailang Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Yunnan, China), Siamlema Zhao & Li, gen. nov. with the type species Siamlema changhai Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, southern Thailand), Sundalema Zhao & Li, gen. nov. with the type species Sundalema bonjol Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Sumatra), and Zhuanlema Zhao & Li, gen. nov. with the type species Zhuanlema peteri Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, northern Laos). Eight additional new species are described: Mekonglema kaorao Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, northern Laos), M. walayaku Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Yunnan, China), M. yan Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Yunnan, China), Pinelema daguaiwan Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Guangxi, China), P. shiba Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, Guangxi, China), P. tham Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, northern Laos), Siamlema suea Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, southern Thailand), and Sundalema khaorakkiat Zhao & Li, sp. nov. (??, southern Thailand). Thirty species are transferred from the genus Telema Simon, 1882 to the genera Pinelema Wang & Li, 2012, Sundalema gen. nov., and Telemofila Wunderlich, 1995. Seychellia xinpingi Lin & Li, 2008 is transferred to Mekonglema gen. nov. as M. xinpingi comb. nov. Furthermore, the genus Pinelema is divided into seven species groups based on male morphological characters.
Project description:The millipede genus Chamberlinius is basically confined to Taiwan, with only one of the four known species presumably introduced to southern Japan. Both previously known species are redescribed, based on new material: Chamberlinius hualienensis Wang, 1956 (the type species) and Chamberlinius piceofasciatus (Gressitt, 1941), the latter being a new subjective senior synonym of Chamberlinius shengmui Wang, 1957, syn. n. Two further congeners are described as new: Chamberlinius pessiorsp. n. and Chamberlinius sublaevussp. n. The genus is re-diagnosed, all of its four species are keyed, and their distributions mapped. The tribe Chamberlinini is reclassified and, based on gonopod traits, shown to comprise the following five genera: Chamberlinius Wang, 1956, Haplogonosoma Brölemann, 1916, Riukiupeltis Verhoeff, 1939, Aponedyopus Verhoeff, 1939 and Geniculodesmus Chen, Golovatch and Chang, 2008.
Project description:Mangatangi parvum gen. n. and sp. and Forsteropsalis pureroa sp. n. are described from the North Island of New Zealand. Pantopsalis listeri (White 1849) and Pantopsalis cheliferoides (Colenso 1882) are redescribed and no longer regarded as nomina dubia; Pantopsalis luna (Forster 1944) is identified as a junior synonym of Pantopsalis listeri. A key to Pantopsalis species is provided.
Project description:We reviewed the species of genus Dolichostyrax Aurivillius (Cerambycidae: Morimopsini) from Borneo, which included the redescriptions of two species - Dolichostyrax moultoni Aurivillius, 1911 and Dolichostyrax longipes Aurivillius, 1913, with the first female description for the latter. After the examination of the additional material previously identified as Dolichostyrax, we described three new genera - Borneostyrax gen. n., Microdolichostyrax gen. n., and Eurystyrax gen. n. Borneostyrax cristatus sp. n. was described based on the male and female specimens, whilst Microdolichostyrax hefferni sp. n., Microdolichostyrax minutus sp. n. and Eurystyrax nemethi sp. n. are known only from females. All studied species are distributed in the mountain regions of Sabah, with the exception of Dolichostyrax moultoni from Sarawak. An identification key to the genera of Bornean Morimopsini and species of Dolichostyrax, Borneostyrax gen. n., Microdolichostyrax gen. n. and Eurystyrax gen. n. is provided and their distributions and intraspecific morphological variability are discussed. The short and wide ovipositor, loss of spermatheca, and presence of large larvae without apparent eggbursters inside the female abdomens indicate the presence of (ovo)viviparity in Borneostyrax gen. n. This is the first case of this rare phenomenon within Cerambycidae.
Project description:The East Asian millipede genus Riukiupeltis Verhoeff, 1939 is revised, and is restricted to a single species, Riukiupeltis jamashinai Verhoeff, 1939. Examination of the type specimens and freshly collected material from the Ryukyu Archipelago and Vietnam show that both subsequently allocated species, Riukiupeltis uenoi Murakami, 1975, and Riukiupeltis falcatus (originally Haplogonosoma falcatum Attems, 1953, reallocated by Jeekel 1968), do not belong to this genus; moreover, they are not even congeneric with each other. According to our morphological observations, including the gonopods, Riukiupeltis uenoi is closer to the widespread Chamberlinius hualienensis Wang, 1956, hence we propose the new combination Chamberlinius uenoi (Murakami, 1975), comb. n.Riukiupeltis falcatus, on the other hand, represents a separate, as yet monotypic, genus Simplogonomorphagen. n., distinct both from Haplogonosoma Brölemann, 1916 sensu Golovatch et al. (1995), and from Verhoeff's original Riukiupeltis. Additionally, Simplogonomorpha falcata (Attems, 1953), comb. n is re-described here based on fresh material from Vietnam. A key and colour habitus-illustrations to all three species are also provided here.
Project description:Two new species of the genus <i>Glyphiulus</i> Gervais, 1847 are described and illustrated. The first species, <i>G.longus</i> <b>sp. nov.</b>, is the second species of the <i>javanicus</i>-group to be found in Thailand. It resembles <i>G.guangnanensis</i> Jiang, Guo, Chen & Xie, 2018, from southern China, but is distinguished by a smaller size and the carinotaxic formula of the collum, combined with ♂ legs 1 bearing very strongly reduced telopodites, the anterior gonopods showing a pair of very long and slender apicomesal processes, and the denser plumose and stout flagella of the posterior gonopods. The second species, <i>G.promdami</i> <b>sp. nov.</b>, the fifth member of the <i>granulatus</i>-group in Thailand, seems to be particularly similar to <i>G.subbedosae</i> Likhitrakarn, Golovatch & Panha, 2017, from Laos. However, it can be distinguished from the latter species mainly by showing a uniformly yellow collum and the posterior gonopod coxite bearing several strong setae in median and lateral views, coupled with the anterior gonopod coxosternum being microsetose in the anterior and medial parts in caudal view. An identification key to, and a distribution map of, all seven <i>Glyphiulus</i> species currently known to occur in Thailand are also provided.