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HuR Enhances Early Restitution of the Intestinal Epithelium by Increasing Cdc42 Translation.

ABSTRACT: The mammalian intestinal mucosa exhibits a spectrum of responses after acute injury and repairs itself rapidly to restore the epithelial integrity. The RNA-binding protein HuR regulates the stability and translation of target mRNAs and is involved in many aspects of gut epithelium homeostasis, but its exact role in the regulation of mucosal repair after injury remains unknown. We show here that HuR is essential for early intestinal epithelial restitution by increasing the expression of cell division control protein 42 (Cdc42) at the posttranscriptional level. HuR bound to the Cdc42 mRNA via its 3' untranslated region, and this association specifically enhanced Cdc42 translation without an effect on the Cdc42 mRNA level. Intestinal epithelium-specific HuR knockout not only decreased Cdc42 levels in mucosal tissues, but it also inhibited repair of damaged mucosa induced by mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion in the small intestine and by dextran sulfate sodium in the colon. Furthermore, Cdc42 silencing prevented HuR-mediated stimulation of cell migration over the wounded area by altering the subcellular distribution of F-actin. These results indicate that HuR promotes early intestinal mucosal repair after injury by increasing Cdc42 translation and demonstrate the importance of HuR deficiency in the pathogenesis of delayed mucosal healing in certain pathological conditions.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5359429 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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