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Brightly Luminescent and Kinetically Inert Lanthanide Bioprobes Based on Linear and Preorganized Chelators.

ABSTRACT: The synthesis, photophysical properties, and kinetic stability of a series of water-soluble, highly emissive Tb(III) and Eu(III) complexes featuring triethylenetetraamine hexaacetic acid (TTHA) and cyclohexyl triethylenetetraamine hexaacetic acid (cyTTHA) chelator scaffolds and carbostyril sensitizers are reported. The unique and modular design of the chelators gives rise to striking quantum yields of emission in aqueous solutions (up to 54%) as well as the characteristic lanthanides' photophysical properties (long excited-state lifetimes, large effective Stokes shifts, and narrow emission peaks). Furthermore, the preorganized chelators (L3, L4, and L6) bind metal within minutes at ambient temperature yet exhibit substantial resistance to transchelation in the presence of a challenge solution (EDTA, 1 mM). Moreover, the Eu(III) complex of L4 remains stably luminescent in HeLa cells over hours, demonstrating the suitability of these compounds for live-cell imaging applications. Representative chelators suitable for derivatization and protein bioconjugation were also prepared that were functionalized with clickable azide and alkyne moieties, biotin, and trimethoprim (TMP). With exceptional long-wavelength brightness, enhanced kinetic inertness, and an adaptable synthetic route, the reported lanthanide complexes are promising probes and labels for time-gated bioanalysis, biosensing, and optical microscopy.

SUBMITTER: Mohamadi A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5378700 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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