Dominant deafness-onychodystrophy syndrome caused by an ATP6V1B2 mutation.
ABSTRACT: Our report clarifies the role of ATP6V1B2 in patients with deafness and onycho-osteodystrophy and confirms that a recurring ATP6V1B2 c.1516C>T [p.(Arg506*)], variant causes dominant deafness-onychodystrophy (DDOD) syndrome.
Project description:DOORS [deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability (mental retardation), and seizures] syndrome can be caused by mutations in the TBC1D24 and ATP6V1B2 genes, both of which are involved in endolysosomal function. Because of its extreme rarity, to date, no detailed neuropathological assessment has been performed to establish clinicopathological relationships and, thereby, understand better the neurobiology of this disease in aged cases. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to highlight the clinicopathological characteristics of a novel case with a presumable de novo mutation in the ATP6V1B2 gene from a neuropathological point of view. This Caucasian male patient, who died at the age of 72 years, presented all the typical cardinal signs of DOORS syndrome. In addition, behavioral alterations, pyramidal signs, and Parkinsonism were observed. The p.R506X pathogenic mutation identified in the ATP6V1B2 gene was responsible for the clinical phenotype. The detailed neuropathological assessment revealed a limbic-predominant tauopathy in the forms of argyrophilic grain disease, primary age-related tauopathy, and age-related tau-astrogliopathy. In summary, we present the first detailed clinicopathological report of a patient with DOORS syndrome harboring a pathogenic mutation in the ATP6V1B2 gene. The demonstrated tauopathy may be considered as a consequence of lysosomal and/or mitochondrial dysfunction, similar to that found in Niemann-Pick type C disease, which is another lysosomal disorder characterized by premature neurodegenerative disorder.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Dominant deafness-onychodystrophy (DDOD) syndrome is a rare disorder mainly characterized by severe deafness, onychodystrophy and brachydactyly. We previously identified c.1516C?>?T (p.Arg506X) in ATP6V1B2 as cause of DDOD syndrome, accounting for all cases of this genetic disorder. Clinical follow-up of DDOD syndrome patients with cochlear implantation revealed the language rehabilitation was unsatisfactory although the implanted cochlea worked well, which indicates there might be learning and memory problems in DDOD syndrome patients. However, the underlying mechanisms were unknown. METHODS:atp6v1b2 knockdown zebrafish and Atp6v1b2 c.1516C?>?T knockin mice were constructed to explore the phenotypes and related mechanism. In mutant mice, auditory brainstem response test and cochlear morphology analysis were performed to evaluate the auditory function. Behavioral tests were used to investigate various behavioral and cognitive domains. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate functional connectivity in the mouse brain. Immunofluorescence, Western blot, and co-immunoprecipitation were performed to examine the expression and interactions between the subunits of V-ATPases. FINDINGS:atp6v1b2 knockdown zebrafish showed developmental defects in multiple organs and systems. However, Atp6v1b2 c.1516C?>?T knockin mice displayed obvious cognitive defects but normal hearing and cochlear morphology. Impaired hippocampal CA1 region and weaker interaction between the V1E and B2 subunits in Atp6v1b2Arg506X//Arg506X mice were observed. INTERPRETATION:Our study extends the phenotypic range of DDOD syndrome. The impaired hippocampal CA1 region may be the pathological basis of the behavioral defects in mutant mice. The molecular mechanism underlying V-ATPases dysfunction involves a weak interaction between subunits, although the assembly of V-ATPases can still take place.
Project description:Human hearing loss is a common neurosensory disorder about which many basic research and clinically relevant questions are unresolved. This review on hereditary deafness focuses on three examples considered at first glance to be uncomplicated, however, upon inspection, are enigmatic and ripe for future research efforts. The three examples of clinical and genetic complexities are drawn from studies of (i) Pendred syndrome/DFNB4 (PDS, OMIM 274600), (ii) Perrault syndrome (deafness and infertility) due to mutations of CLPP (PRTLS3, OMIM 614129), and (iii) the unexplained extensive clinical variability associated with TBC1D24 mutations. At present, it is unknown how different mutations of TBC1D24 cause non-syndromic deafness (DFNB86, OMIM 614617), epilepsy (OMIM 605021), epilepsy with deafness, or DOORS syndrome (OMIM 220500) that is characterized by deafness, onychodystrophy (alteration of toenail or fingernail morphology), osteodystrophy (defective development of bone), mental retardation, and seizures. A comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted roles of each gene associated with human deafness is expected to provide future opportunities for restoration as well as preservation of normal hearing.
Project description:Human pathogenic variants of TBC1D24 are associated with clinically heterogeneous phenotypes, including recessive nonsyndromic deafness DFNB86, dominant nonsyndromic deafness DFNA65, seizure accompanied by deafness, a variety of isolated seizure phenotypes and DOORS syndrome, characterized by deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability and seizures. Thirty-five pathogenic variants of human TBC1D24 associated with deafness have been reported. However, functions of TBC1D24 in the inner ear and the pathophysiology of TBC1D24-related deafness are unknown. In this study, a novel splice-site variant of TBC1D24 c.965 + 1G > A in compound heterozygosity with c.641G > A p.(Arg214His) was found to be segregating in a Pakistani family. Affected individuals exhibited, either a deafness-seizure syndrome or nonsyndromic deafness. In human temporal bones, TBC1D24 immunolocalized in hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons, whereas in mouse cochlea, Tbc1d24 expression was detected only in spiral ganglion neurons. We engineered mouse models of DFNB86 p.(Asp70Tyr) and DFNA65 p.(Ser178Leu) nonsyndromic deafness and syndromic forms of deafness p.(His336Glnfs*12) that have the same pathogenic variants that were reported for human TBC1D24. Unexpectedly, no auditory dysfunction was detected in Tbc1d24 mutant mice, although homozygosity for some of the variants caused seizures or lethality. We provide some insightful supporting data to explain the phenotypic differences resulting from equivalent pathogenic variants of mouse Tbc1d24 and human TBC1D24.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The rare hereditary disorder "dominant deafness and onychodystrophy (DDOD) syndrome" (OMIM 124480) has been described in a few case reports. No putative DDOD gene or locus has been mapped and the cause of the disorder remains unknown. MAIN OBSERVATIONS:We present here three male family members in three generations with sensori-neural deafness, onychodystrophy and brachydactyly inherited via autosomal dominant transmission. The family members presented with absent fingernails on the first and fifth digits. As to the feet, there were absent nails on second to fifth toes in two family members, whereas the third family member only had absent nails on the fifth toe. The proband had late dentition and his father a history of late dentition, but otherwise the teeth appeared normal. Comparative genomic hybridization array analysis (Agilent 400k oligoarray) of the proband did not detect any copy number variation. CONCLUSION:This Danish family fits within the spectrum of dominant deafness and onychodystrophy syndrome and further characterises this rare disorder.
Project description:SIRT1 plays a key role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis in mammals by directly modulating the activities of various transcription factors and metabolic enzymes through lysine deacetylation. White adipose tissue plays a key role in lipid storage and metabolism. To identify novel molecular targets of SIRT1 in fat cells, we used a non-biased proteomic approach. We identified a number of proteins whose acetylation status was significantly affected by SIRT1 modulator treatment in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Among them, ATP6V1B2, a subunit of the vacuolar (H+)-ATPase, was further shown to be associated with SIRT1 by co-immunoprecipitation assay. Moreover, SIRT1 deacetylates ATP6V1B2 in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our study demonstrates that ATP6V1B2 is a molecular target of SIRT1 in fat cells and the role of SIRT1 and ATP6V1B2 acetylation in the vacuolar (H+)-ATPase function warrants further investigation.
Project description:Deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of unknown cause. We aimed to identify the genetic basis of this syndrome by sequencing most coding exons in affected individuals.Through a search of available case studies and communication with collaborators, we identified families that included at least one individual with at least three of the five main features of the DOORS syndrome: deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability, and seizures. Participants were recruited from 26 centres in 17 countries. Families described in this study were enrolled between Dec 1, 2010, and March 1, 2013. Collaborating physicians enrolling participants obtained clinical information and DNA samples from the affected child and both parents if possible. We did whole-exome sequencing in affected individuals as they were enrolled, until we identified a candidate gene, and Sanger sequencing to confirm mutations. We did expression studies in human fibroblasts from one individual by real-time PCR and western blot analysis, and in mouse tissues by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR.26 families were included in the study. We did exome sequencing in the first 17 enrolled families; we screened for TBC1D24 by Sanger sequencing in subsequent families. We identified TBC1D24 mutations in 11 individuals from nine families (by exome sequencing in seven families, and Sanger sequencing in two families). 18 families had individuals with all five main features of DOORS syndrome, and TBC1D24 mutations were identified in half of these families. The seizure types in individuals with TBC1D24 mutations included generalised tonic-clonic, complex partial, focal clonic, and infantile spasms. Of the 18 individuals with DOORS syndrome from 17 families without TBC1D24 mutations, eight did not have seizures and three did not have deafness. In expression studies, some mutations abrogated TBC1D24 mRNA stability. We also detected Tbc1d24 expression in mouse phalangeal chondrocytes and calvaria, which suggests a role of TBC1D24 in skeletogenesis.Our findings suggest that mutations in TBC1D24 seem to be an important cause of DOORS syndrome and can cause diverse phenotypes. Thus, individuals with DOORS syndrome without deafness and seizures but with the other features should still be screened for TBC1D24 mutations. More information is needed to understand the cellular roles of TBC1D24 and identify the genes responsible for DOORS phenotypes in individuals who do not have a mutation in TBC1D24.US National Institutes of Health, the CIHR (Canada), the NIHR (UK), the Wellcome Trust, the Henry Smith Charity, and Action Medical Research.
Project description:The discovery of recurrent mutations in subunits of the vacuolar-type H+-translocating ATPase (v-ATPase) in follicular lymphoma (FL) highlights a role for the amino acid- and energy-sensing pathway to mTOR in the pathogenesis of this disease. Here, through the use of complementary experimental approaches involving mammalian cells and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have demonstrated that mutations in the human v-ATPase subunit ATP6V1B2 (also known as Vma2 in yeast) activate autophagic flux and maintain mTOR/TOR in an active state. Engineered lymphoma cell lines and primary FL B cells carrying mutated ATP6V1B2 demonstrated a remarkable ability to survive low leucine concentrations. The treatment of primary FL B cells with inhibitors of autophagy uncovered an addiction for survival for FL B cells harboring ATP6V1B2 mutations. These data support the idea of mutational activation of autophagic flux by recurrent hotspot mutations in ATP6V1B2 as an adaptive mechanism in FL pathogenesis and as a possible new therapeutically targetable pathway.
Project description:Mutations in the TBC1D24 gene are responsible for four neurological presentations: infantile epileptic encephalopathy, infantile myoclonic epilepsy, DOORS (deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation and seizures) and NSHL (non-syndromic hearing loss). For the latter, two recessive (DFNB86) and one dominant (DFNA65) mutations have so far been identified in consanguineous Pakistani and European/Chinese families, respectively. Here we report the results of a genetic study performed on a large Moroccan cohort of deaf patients that identified three families with compound heterozygote mutations in TBC1D24. Four novel mutations were identified, among which, one c.641G>A (p.Arg214His) was present in the three families, and has a frequency of 2% in control Moroccan population with normal hearing, suggesting that it acts as an hypomorphic variant leading to restricted deafness when combined with another recessive severe mutation. Altogether, our results show that mutations in TBC1D24 gene are a frequent cause (>2%) of NSHL in Morocco, and that due to its possible compound heterozygote recessive transmission, this gene should be further considered and screened in other deaf cohorts.
Project description:Hereditary hearing loss is extremely heterogeneous. Over 70 genes have been identified to date, and with the advent of massively parallel sequencing, the pace of novel gene discovery has accelerated. In a family segregating progressive autosomal-dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL), we used OtoSCOPE® to exclude mutations in known deafness genes and then performed segregation mapping and whole-exome sequencing to identify a unique variant, p.Ser178Leu, in TBC1D24 that segregates with the hearing loss phenotype. TBC1D24 encodes a GTPase-activating protein expressed in the cochlea. Ser178 is highly conserved across vertebrates and its change is predicted to be damaging. Other variants in TBC1D24 have been associated with a panoply of clinical symptoms including autosomal recessive NSHL, syndromic hearing impairment associated with onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS syndrome), and a wide range of epileptic disorders.