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Selenophenes: Introducing a New Element into the Core of Non-Steroidal Estrogen Receptor Ligands.


ABSTRACT: The importance of the heterocyclic core elements with peripheral phenolic and alkyl substituents as a dominant structural motif of ligands for the estrogen receptor (ER) has been well recognized. In this study we expanded the structural diversity of core elements by preparing selenium-containing heterocycles and exploring the activities of these selenophenes on the two ERs, ER? and ER?. Careful structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis of their ER binding affinities showed that most selenophenes are ER?-selective, with the position of the phenol substituents on the selenophene core and the nature of these substituents having a marked effect on their binding affinities. The compound bis(2-fluoro-4-hydroxyphenyl)selenophene (2?f) has the highest relative binding affinity (RBA) of 24.3 for ER?. In transcription assays, most selenophenes were found to exhibit partial to full agonist activity for both ER subtypes, with compounds bis(2-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)selenophene (2?b), bis(4-fluoro-3-hydroxyphenyl)3-bromoselenophene (6?f), and 2,3,5-tris(hydroxyphenyl)thiophenes (8?b and 8?d) profiling as superagonists for ER?; however, several compounds display a range of ER? or ER? antagonistic activities. A few selenophenes exhibited antiproliferative activity, with compound 8?c showing antiproliferative effects similar to that of 4-hydroxytamoxifen in breast cancer MCF-7 cells while being nontoxic to normal VERO cells. These new ligands could act as models for the development of novel agents leading to improved therapeutics that target the estrogen receptor.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5405701 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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