Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Smoke-Free Laws and Hazardous Drinking: A Cross-Sectional Study among U.S. Adults.


ABSTRACT: Tobacco and alcohol use are strongly associated. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of smoke-free law coverage and smoke-free bar law coverage with hazardous drinking behaviors among a representative sample of U.S. adult drinkers (n = 17,057). We merged 2009 National Health Interview Survey data, American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, and Census Population Estimates. Hazardous drinking outcomes included heavy drinking (>14 drinks/week for men; >7 drinks/week for women) and binge drinking (?5 drinks on one or more days during past year). Chi-square tests compared hazardous drinking by sociodemographic factors. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine if smoke-free law and bar law coverages were associated with hazardous drinking, controlling for sociodemographics and smoking status. Subset analyses were conducted among drinkers who also smoked (n = 4074) to assess the association between law coverages and hazardous drinking. Among all drinkers, smoke-free law coverage was not associated with heavy drinking (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.99-1.50) or binge drinking (AOR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.93-1.26). Smoke-free bar law coverage was also found to be unrelated to hazardous drinking. Similar results were found among those drinkers who smoked. Findings suggest that smoke-free laws and bar laws are not associated with elevated risk for alcohol-related health issues.

SUBMITTER: Jiang N 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5409613 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4596828 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3698815 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC2688599 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7135055 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5719307 | BioStudies
2003-01-01 | S-EPMC1747734 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC2722240 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2819119 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3553585 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7232802 | BioStudies