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Transition from a maternal to external nitrogen source in maize seedlings.


ABSTRACT: Maximizing NO3- uptake during seedling development is important as it has a major influence on plant growth and yield. However, little is known about the processes leading to, and involved in, the initiation of root NO3- uptake capacity in developing seedlings. This study examines the physiological processes involved in root NO3- uptake and metabolism, to gain an understanding of how the NO3- uptake system responds to meet demand as maize seedlings transition from seed N use to external N capture. The concentrations of seed-derived free amino acids within root and shoot tissues are initially high, but decrease rapidly until stabilizing eight days after imbibition (DAI). Similarly, shoot N% decreases, but does not stabilize until 12-13 DAI. Following the decrease in free amino acid concentrations, root NO3- uptake capacity increases until shoot N% stabilizes. The increase in root NO3- uptake capacity corresponds with a rapid rise in transcript levels of putative NO3- transporters, ZmNRT2.1 and ZmNRT2.2. The processes underlying the increase in root NO3- uptake capacity to meet N demand provide an insight into the processes controlling N uptake.

SUBMITTER: Sabermanesh K 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5413817 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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