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Antioxidant and Membrane Binding Properties of Serotonin Protect Lipids from Oxidation.

ABSTRACT: Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a well-known neurotransmitter that is involved in a growing number of functions in peripheral tissues. Recent studies have shown nonpharmacological functions of 5-HT linked to its chemical properties. Indeed, it was reported that 5-HT may, on the one hand, bind lipid membranes and, on the other hand, protect red blood cells through a mechanism independent of its specific receptors. To better understand these underevaluated properties of 5-HT, we combined biochemical, biophysical, and molecular dynamics simulations approaches to characterize, at the molecular level, the antioxidant capacity of 5-HT and its interaction with lipid membranes. To do so, 5-HT was added to red blood cells and lipid membranes bearing different degrees of unsaturation. Our results demonstrate that 5-HT acts as a potent antioxidant and binds with a superior affinity to lipids with unsaturation on both alkyl chains. We show that 5-HT locates at the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface, below the glycerol group. This interfacial location is stabilized by hydrogen bonds between the 5-HT hydroxyl group and lipid headgroups and allows 5-HT to intercept reactive oxygen species, preventing membrane oxidation. Experimental and molecular dynamics simulations using membrane enriched with oxidized lipids converge to further reveal that 5-HT contributes to the termination of lipid peroxidation by direct interaction with active groups of these lipids and could also contribute to limit the production of new radicals. Taken together, our results identify 5-HT as a potent inhibitor of lipid peroxidation and offer a different perspective on the role of this pleiotropic molecule.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5425403 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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