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Influence of different flours and starches on gluten-free bread aroma.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to study the effect of different gluten-free flours (yellow and white corn, rice, oat, teff, buckwheat, amaranth and quinoa) and starches (wheat, corn and potato) on the generation of volatile compounds in the fermented doughs and crumbs. Volatile compounds were analyzed by static headspace-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SHS-GC/MS). Nine fermentation and lipid oxidation volatile compounds were evaluated, which were found to be the same from dough to crumb but vary in levels. Concentrations of compounds produced during fermentation were higher in doughs whereas those from lipid oxidation were higher in crumbs. The type of flour/starch affected the concentration of these volatile compounds. The proportions of ethanol and 2/3-methylbutanol (fermentation compounds) were higher in dough from yellow and white corn, rice and oat while the proportions of hexanal, 1-pentanol and 2,4-decadienal (lipid oxidation compounds) were higher in the doughs made with starches. The proportions of ethanol and 2/3-methylbutanol were higher in quinoa and amaranth crumbs whilst hexanal, 1-pentanol and 2,4-decadienal were higher in yellow and white corn crumbs.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5430174 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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