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Tangluoning, a traditional Chinese medicine, attenuates in vivo and in vitro diabetic peripheral neuropathy through modulation of PERK/Nrf2 pathway.

ABSTRACT: Prolonged hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress have been demonstrated to play a key role in progression of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). PERK/ Nrf2 pathway plays a predominant role in oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which is associated with cell survival. This study examined the modulation of the PERK/Nrf2 pathway and apoptosis by a traditional Chinese medicine Tangluoning (TLN) in streptozotocin-induced DPN rat models and the effects of serum TLN on the PERK/Nrf2 pathway, apoptosis, intracellular reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential in Schwann cells cultured in 150?mM glucose. It is found that TLN attenuated oxidative and ER stress and apoptosis through the PERK/Nrf2 pathway by upregulating p-PERK, Nrf2/ARE pathways and downregulating the CHOP-related apoptosis pathways in the experimental DPN models both in vivo and in vitro.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5430716 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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