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MicroRNA-101a regulates microglial morphology and inflammation.


ABSTRACT: Microglia, as well as other tissue-resident macrophages, arise from yolk sac progenitors. Thus, it is likely that the central nervous system environment is critical for the acquisition of a distinct microglial phenotype. Several microRNAs that are enriched in the brain play crucial roles in brain development and may also play a role in the differentiation of microglia.To track the differentiation of hematopoietic cells into microglia, lineage-negative bone marrow cells were co-cultured with astrocytes in the absence or presence of microRNAs or their inhibitors. Microglia-like cells were identified as small, round cells that were immunopositive for CD11b, Iba1, CX3CR1, and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-2.Five microRNAs (miR-101a, miR-139-3p, miR-214*, miR-218, and miR-1186) were identified as modifiers of the differentiation of bone marrow-derived microglia-like cells. Among them, miR-101a facilitated the differentiation of bone marrow cells into microglia-like cells most potently. Small, round cells expressing CD11b, Iba1, CX3CR1, and TREM-2 were predominant in cells treated by miR-101a. miR-101a was abundantly expressed in non-microglial brain cells. Transfection of miR-101a into microglia significantly increased the production of IL-6 in response to LPS. Finally, miR-101a downregulated the expression of MAPK phosphatase-1.miR-101a, which is enriched in the brain, promotes the differentiation of bone marrow cells into microglia-like cells.

SUBMITTER: Saika R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5450088 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies