Survivorship Care Planning and Unmet Information and Service Needs Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors.
ABSTRACT: To examine whether survivorship care planning (receipt of written treatment summary or instructions for follow-up care) is associated with unmet needs among adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors (aged 15-39 at diagnosis).We used data from the 2010 LIVESTRONG Survey for People Affected by Cancer. Outcome variables were survivor reports of unmet needs, including information on late effects of cancer treatment, fertility issues, cancer recurrence, and family cancer risk. We used multivariable logistic regression models to determine whether receipt of either a treatment summary or follow-up care instructions was associated with each unmet needs after controlling for sociodemographic and cancer history factors.Of the AYA respondents (N?=?1395), only 30% reported receipt of a written treatment summary and 86% received instructions for follow-up care. The most commonly reported unmet need was addressing recurrence concerns (80%), followed by information on late effects (78%), family risk of cancer (51%), and fertility information (45%). In multivariable analyses, receipt of a written treatment summary was associated with lower odds of having unmet needs about late effects information (odds ratio; OR?=?0.51 [0.37-0.71]) and recurrence concerns (OR?=?0.55 [0.39-0.79]). Receipt of follow-up care instructions was associated with lower odds of unmet needs about late effects information (OR?=?0.29 [0.15-0.58]) and fertility information (OR?=?0.62 [0.42-0.91]).Survivorship care planning including written treatment summaries and follow-up care instructions may help reduce unmet information and service needs of AYA survivors. This study provides further evidence for the importance of survivorship care planning as a way to improve survivor outcomes.
Project description:PURPOSE:Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors experience unique barriers that compromise receipt of survivorship care; therefore, development of innovative educational interventions to improve rates of AYA survivorship care is needed. The efficacy of text-messaging and peer navigation interventions was compared to standard-of-care survivorship educational materials to increase AYAs' (1) late effects knowledge and (2) knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy towards seeking survivor-focused care. METHODS:This was a three-armed, prospective, randomized controlled trial with one control group and two intervention groups. The control group received current standard-of-care educational materials. One intervention group participated in a text-messaging program, and the second participated in a peer navigator program. Participants completed pre- and post-intervention questionnaires. Study outcome variables were quantified using Fisher exact tests, two-sample t tests, exact McNemar tests, conditional logistic regression models, and analysis of covariance. RESULTS:Seventy-one survivors completed the study (control n?=?24; text-messaging n?=?23; peer navigation n?=?24). Late effects knowledge was high at baseline for all groups. The text-messaging group had increased survivorship care knowledge compared to the control group (p?<?0.05); the peer navigation group had increased survivorship care self-efficacy compared to the control group; p?<?0.05. Both intervention groups showed increased attitudes towards seeking survivor-focused care compared to the control group (text-messaging p?<?0.05; peer navigation p?<?0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Each intervention demonstrated significant benefits compared to the control group. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS:Given the preliminary effectiveness of both interventions, each can potentially be used in the future by AYA cancer survivors to educate and empower them to obtain needed survivorship care.
Project description:Genetics in paediatric oncology is becoming increasingly important in diagnostics, treatment and follow-up care. Genetic testing may offer a possibility to stratify survivors follow-up care. However, survivors' and parents' preferences and needs for genetics-related services are largely unknown. This mixed-methods study assessed genetics-related information and service needs of survivors and parents. Six hundred and twenty-two participants (404 survivors: mean age: 26.27 years; 218 parents of survivors: mean age of child: 13.05 years) completed questionnaires. Eighty-seven participants (52 survivors; 35 parents) also completed in-depth telephone interviews. We analysed data using multivariable logistic regression and qualitative thematic analyses. Thirty-six of 50 families who were offered cancer-related genetic testing chose to undergo testing. Of those not offered testing, 11% of survivors and 7.6% of parents indicated that they believed it was 'likely/very likely' that the survivor had inherited a gene fault. Twenty-nine percent of survivors and 36% of parents endorsed access to a genetics specialist as important in their care. Survivors (40.9%) and parents (43.7%) indicated an unmet need for information about genetics and childhood cancer. Parents indicated a higher unmet need for information related to the survivors' future offspring than survivors (p?<?0.001). Many survivors and parents have unmet needs for genetics-related services and information. Greater access to services and information might allow survivors at high risk for late effects to detect and prevent side effects early and improve medical outcomes. Addressing families' needs and preferences during survivorship may increase satisfaction with survivorship care.
Project description:PURPOSE:This qualitative study sought to describe the challenges following treatment and the preferences regarding survivorship care among patients treated for gynecological cancer, their caregivers, and health care providers. METHODS:Between July and August 2017, in-depth semi-structured interviews regarding survivorship were conducted at a large academic hospital in the USA among patients who recently completed treatment (<?12 months) for a gynecological cancer (ovarian, endometrial, cervical, and vulvar) and their primary caregivers. A focus group was conducted among health care providers (oncologists, nurses, and fellows). Main themes were identified using descriptive content analysis. RESULTS:A total of 30 individuals participated in this study (13 patients, 9 caregivers, 8 health care providers). Almost all participants reported a desire for more information on how to address survivorship needs, specifically as they related to side effects, follow-up schedule, and psychological assistance. Despite this uniformly identified need for more information, preferences for survivorship care planning differed across cancer types and individuals, with respect to content, timing, and mode of delivery. Health care providers expressed challenges in communicating with patients about survivorship, a desire to shift post-treatment conversations to the goal of improving quality of life as opposed to focusing on disease recurrence, and an unmet need for disease specific and individualized survivorship care planning. CONCLUSIONS:Patients, caregivers, and health care providers each expressed a need for gynecologic cancer-tailored survivorship care resources. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS:The variation of disease types and patient and caregiver needs may require multi-faceted, individualized survivorship care planning.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:Cancer Survivorship is a growing public health challenge. Effective responses from health care and social services depend on appropriate identification of survivors and their families´ specific needs. There are few studies on survivorship in low and middle-income countries, therefore, more evidence-based studies are necessary to develop a comprehensive approach to cancer survivorship. OBJECTIVES:Identify the needs of cancer survivors and their relatives, specifically those of individuals with breast, cervical or prostate cancer, and with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). METHODS:A qualitative, exploratory study conducted in two referral institutions in Brazil, located in Rio de Janeiro (Southeast region) and Fortaleza (Northeast region). The study included 47 patients of public and private health services and 12 family members. We used script-based semi-structured interviews. The discursive material obtained was categorized and analyzed using the Thematic Analysis approach. RESULTS:The analysis identified three central themes: 1) consequences of cancer treatment; 2) Changes in daily life associated with cancer survivorship; and 3) Unmet structural needs in cancer survivorship. CONCLUSION:Social and cancer control policies in Brazil should provide resources, specific care standards and clinical, psychological and social support. Cancer survivors should also receive rehabilitation and work reintegration guidelines. This matter requires broader access to qualified cancer information, development of an integrated patient-centered care and care model, and more research resources for the country's post-treatment cancer period.
Project description:<h4>Purpose</h4>To investigate unmet needs of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) at the end of treatment and whether unmet needs improve over time. Identify predictors of need following treatment and whether unmet need is associated with worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL).<h4>Methods</h4>As part of the UK ColoREctal Wellbeing (CREW) cohort study, patients treated for CRC completed the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form-34 (SCNS SF-34) 15 and 24 months following surgery, along with questionnaires measuring HRQoL, wellbeing, life events, social support, and confidence to manage their cancer before surgery, 3, 9, 15, and 24 months post-surgery.<h4>Results</h4>The SCNS SF-34 was completed by 526 patients at 15 months and 510 patients at 24 months. About one-quarter of patients had at least one moderate or severe unmet need at both time points. Psychological and physical unmet needs were the most common and did not improve over time. Over 60% of patients who reported 5 or more moderate or severe unmet needs at 15 months experienced the same level of unmet need at 24 months. HRQoL at the beginning of treatment predicted unmet needs at the end of treatment. Unmet needs, specifically physical, psychological, and health system and information needs, were associated with poorer health and HRQoL at the end of treatment.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Unmet needs persist over time and are associated with HRQoL. Evaluation of HRQoL at the start of treatment would help inform the identification of vulnerable patients. Assessment and care planning in response to unmet needs should be integrated into person-centred care.<h4>Implications for cancer survivors</h4>Early identification of CRC patients at risk of unmet needs will help infrom personalised survivorship care plans. The implementation of personalised and tailored services are likely to confer HRQoL gains.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This program evaluation considers the need for increased professional and patient education for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivorship. Due to the high incidence of late effects of cancer treatment among AYA cancer survivors, knowledge sharing and communications are needed throughout the transition from cancer care into community care. AYA survivors are likely to need developmentally appropriate psychosocial care as well as extensive follow-on surveillance by physicians who are educated and aware of the likely chronic conditions and late effects that may occur in these patients. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the After Cancer Care Ends, Survivorship Starts for Adolescent and Young Adults (ACCESS AYA) programming. The intent of the ACCESS AYA program was to build health literacy around AYA survivorship issues and to stimulate improved communications between survivors and health care providers. This paper addresses the central research question of "How did the ACCESS AYA program increase health literacy, communications, and understanding among AYA survivors and providers?" METHODS:The primarily qualitative evaluation included a brief introductory survey of participant awareness and effectiveness of the ACCESS AYA project serving as a recruitment tool. Survey respondents were invited to participate in in-depth interviews based on interview guides tailored to the different stakeholder groups. The evaluation used the Atlas Ti qualitative database and software for coding and key word analyses. Interrater reliability analyses were assessed using Cohen kappa analysis with Stata 12.1 (StataCorp LLC) software. RESULTS:The key themes, which included survivor wellbeing, health care professional education, cancer advocates role and education, hospital and community-based resources, and the role of societal support, are presented in a concept map. The interrater reliability scores (ranging from 1 to minus 1) were .893 for first cycle coding and .784 for the second cycle. In the brief quantitative survey based on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 as high, the 22 respondents rated their level of awareness of the project with a mean 3.2 (CI 3.02-3.45) and project effectiveness with a mean of 4 (CI 3.72-4.27). CONCLUSIONS:This study contributes to understanding of the ACCESS AYA survivor community in central Texas and the health care professionals and advocates who aid them in their efforts to a new normal life and wellbeing in their survivorship. The results of the evaluation highlight the need to continue to build both survivor and professional resources to address the unique impact of cancer on AYA cancer survivors.
Project description:Importance:Understanding the challenges faced by an increasing number of cancer survivors can guide the development and implementation of effective survivorship care models. Objective:To identify the physical, emotional, and practical concerns and associated unmet needs reported by cancer survivors. Design, Setting, and Participants:This cross-sectional survey study obtained data from the Experiences of Cancer Patients in Transitions Study of the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer, in collaboration with cancer agencies in the 10 Canadian provinces, that was disseminated in 2016. This analysis included only adult survivors aged 30 years or older who underwent chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgical treatment, or a combination of these therapies for breast, prostate, colorectal, melanoma, or hematological cancer within the past 1 to 3 years. Data synthesis and quality assessment were conducted in 2017. Data analysis was completed in July 2019. Main Outcomes and Measures:The outcomes were the (1) quantification of the magnitude and multiplicity of the physical, emotional, and practical concerns of adult survivors of breast, colorectal, prostate, melanoma, or hematological cancer; (2) exploration of the magnitude of associated unmet needs; and (3) identification of patient-, treatment-, and cancer-specific factors associated with the reporting of unmet needs. Results:Overall, 10?717 adult respondents were included (5660 [53%] female and 6367 [60%] aged ?65 years). The median number of concerns per respondent was 6 (interquartile range [IQR], 3-10). Among respondents with concerns, help was sought for a median of 2 (IQR, 0-4) concerns. Unmet needs were reported for a median of 4 (IQR, 2-7) concerns. Emotional concerns were reported by 8330 respondents (78%), physical concerns by 9236 respondents (86%), and practical concerns by 4668 respondents (44%). At least 1 unmet need was reported by 7033 survivors (84%) with emotional concerns, 7475 (81%) with physical concerns, and 3459 (74%) with practical concerns. Age, sex, annual income, marital status, geographic location, language, and treatment type were significant factors associated with unmet needs. Survivors of melanoma cancer had a significantly higher likelihood of reporting unmet emotional needs (odds ratio [OR], 1.75; 95% CI, 1.17-2.61; P?=?.01), whereas survivors of prostate (OR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.43-0.84; P?<?.001) and hematological (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.50-0.99; P?=?.04) cancers were significantly less likely to report unmet needs for physical concerns when compared with breast cancer survivors. Involvement of the general practitioner combined with the oncologist in providing care was associated with a significantly lower likelihood of reporting unmet emotional (OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.62-1.00; P?=?.05) and practical (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.55-0.94; P?=?.01) needs. Conclusions and Relevance:The extent of unmet needs among cancer survivors found in this study suggests the need for enhancements in survivorship care, including better awareness of the realities of survivorship, earlier interventions for emerging concerns among survivors, and greater integration of cancer programs and primary care for more seamless transitions.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Adolescent and young adult (AYA) childhood cancer survivors (CCS) should be empowered to continue their survivor-focused care as they transition into adult medicine. However, the majority of AYA-aged survivors become lost to follow up around the age of typical transition to adulthood. The purpose of this study was to identify, from the patient's perspective, key factors that facilitate successful transitions to adult-centered survivorship care. METHODS:A qualitative study was conducted with AYA CCS (n?=?29) from the survivorship clinic of a single institution as key informants. Data were collected through a series of structured phone interviews and subjected to thematic content analysis. RESULTS:Four major themes with multiple subthemes were identified: (1) transition practices need to be flexible and individually tailored; (2) effective communication is critical to a successful transition; (3) continuity in providers is needed during the transition; and (4) comprehensive care means care that also addresses psycho-social well-being. CONCLUSIONS:From the perspective of AYA CCS, the ideal model of transitional survivorship care could include a patient navigator who promotes provider flexibility, consistent communication, and pro-active comprehensive care that encompasses both medical and psycho-social well-being. Models of care for CCS should be built to provide, or seamlessly facilitate, continuous survivor-focused care across the age continuum. A longitudinal relationship with a survivor-focused provider can help promote the values that CCS' report as important in transitioning care from pediatric- to adult-centered care.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Approximately 70,000 adolescents and young adults (AYA) are diagnosed with cancer each year in the United States. Sarcomas carry a particularly high symptom burden and are some of the most common cancers among AYA. Recent work has documented significant levels of unmet needs among AYA with cancer, particularly the need for psychosocial support. Mobile technology may be a cost-effective and efficient way to deliver a psychosocial intervention to AYA with cancer and cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE:The two aims of this study were to (1) develop a pilot version of a mobile-based mindfulness and social support program and (2) evaluate program usage and acceptability. An exploratory aim was to examine change in psychosocial outcomes. METHODS:Thirty-seven AYA with sarcoma or sarcoma survivors, parents, and health care providers participated in the study. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 AYA, parents of five of the adolescents, and six health care providers. Themes from the interviews helped to inform the development of a mobile-based mindfulness pilot program and a companion Facebook-based social support group. Twenty AYA consented to participate in a single-arm pre-post evaluation of the program; 17 downloaded the app and joined the Facebook group. Seven of these participants had participated in the semistructured interviews. Six additional health care providers consented to participate in the evaluation stage. RESULTS:On average, participants completed 16.9 of the 28 unique sessions and used the mindfulness app for a mean 10.2 (SD 8.2) days during the 28-day evaluation period. The majority of participants (16/17) engaged in the social group and posted at least one reply to the moderator's prompts. The mean number of responses per person to the moderator of the social group was 15.2 of 31 (49%, range 0%-97%). Both AYA and health care providers responded positively to the Mindfulness for Resilience in Illness program and offered useful recommendations for improvements. Exploratory psychosocial analyses indicated there were no significant differences from pretest to posttest on measures of perceived social support, mindfulness, body image, or psychological functioning. CONCLUSIONS:This study offers preliminary support for the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile-based mindfulness and Facebook-based social support program for AYA with sarcoma. The feedback from AYA and health care providers will assist in creating a fully developed intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03130751; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03130751.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Alternative models of cancer follow-up care are needed to ameliorate pressure on services and better meet survivors' long-term needs. This paper reports an evaluation of a service improvement initiative for the follow-up care of prostate cancer patients based on remote monitoring and supported self-management. METHODS:This multi-centred, historically controlled study compared patient reported outcomes of men experiencing the new Programme with men experiencing a traditional clinic appointment model of follow-up care, who were recruited in the period immediately prior to the introduction of the Programme. Data were collected by self-completed questionnaires, with follow up measurement at four and eight months post-baseline. The primary outcome was men's unmet survivorship needs, measured by the Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs Survey. Secondary outcomes included cancer specific quality of life, psychological wellbeing and satisfaction with care. The analysis was intention to treat. Regression analyses were conducted for outcomes at each time point separately, controlling for pre-defined clinical and demographic variables. All outcome analyses are presented in the paper. Costs were compared between the two groups. RESULTS:Six hundred and twenty-seven men (61%) were consented to take part in the study (293 in the Programme and 334 in the comparator group.) Regarding the primary measure of unmet survivorship needs, 25 of 26 comparisons favoured the Programme, of which 4 were statistically significant. For the secondary measures of activation for self-management, quality of life, psychological well-being and lifestyle, 20 of 32 comparisons favoured the Programme and 3 were statistically significant. There were 22 items on the satisfaction with care questionnaire and 13 were statistically significant. Per participant costs (British pounds, 2015) in the 8?month follow up period were slightly lower in the programme than in the comparator group (£289 versus £327). The Programme was acceptable to patients. CONCLUSION:The Programme is shown to be broadly comparable to traditional follow-up care in all respects, adding to evidence of the viability of such models.