Pleomorphic Lipoma of the Neck in an Infant: A Rare Clinical Entity.
ABSTRACT: Lipomas are rare in the pediatric age group. A 10-month-old male child presented with an asymptomatic neck mass which was evaluated and excised completely. Histopathology was consistent with pleomorphic lipoma, not previously reported in children.
Project description:A case of a pleomorphic lipoma in a 61 year old male is reported. This tumour is very rare and is usually seen in the head and neck region in the elderly. It is more often than not labelled malignant. The case is reported on account of its rarity and to highlight the unusual features which make it liable to be confused ns a malignant tumour.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4> Parosteal lipoma is a rare and benign neoplasm originating from mature adipose tissue near the periosteum. Clinically, it is difficult to diagnose due to its similarity to the clinical manifestation of sarcoma, so imaging, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry examinations are necessary. <h4>Case presentation</h4> A 54-year-old woman presented with lump on the right thigh that had gone through surgery eight years prior, with a diameter of 20 cm, with a partly hard and partly soft consistency, the patient was diagnosed with suspected recurrent liposarcoma. We performed wide excision and histopathological results showed a proliferation of bone cells and cartilage cells that were lobulated, surrounded by a proliferation of fat cells with no pleomorphism or immature cells. <h4>Discussion</h4> Parosteal lipomas are neoplasms derived from adult adipose tissue, usually connected to the periosteum, and rare and benign. Two theories of pathogenesis of parosteal lipomas. (1) tumors arise from the differentiation of stem cells derived from adipose tissue, (2) the tumor is derived from secondary metaplasia of fibroblasts due to recurrent trauma, metabolic changes, or ischemia. Based on the theory, it is likely that in this case is due to the presence of differentiation of adiposa tissue due to the non-acquisition of a history of trauma. <h4>Conclusion</h4> Parosteal lipoma is a rare case of benign neoplasm, which is difficult to diagnose clinically due to its similar sarcoma, thus requiring imaging and histopathological examination. The treatment of choice is wide excision by taking the entire tumor to prevent a recurrence. Highlights • 45 year old woman with recurrent parosteal lipoma.• The case of parosteal lipoma is a benign tumor.• A neoplasm originating from mature adipose tissue, mostly located in the bone cortex below the periosteum.• The incidence is 0.3% of all types of lipomas and 0.1% of primary bone neoplasms.
Project description:Lipoma is the most common benign soft tissue tumor. Lipomas are relatively uncommon tumours in the oral cavity accounting only 1-4 %. Half of oral lipomas are in the cheek and the remaining is found in the tongue, floor of the mouth, lips, palate, and gingival mucosa. We are reporting a case of lipoma that occurred in the hard palate, which is extremely rare.
Project description:Introduction Spinal intradural lipoma is a rare condition, accounting for < 1% of all spinal cord tumors. Spinal cord lipomas are frequently associated with dysraphism and occur in the thoracic spine. Another common finding is that spinal cord lipomas tend to present in the pediatric population. Isolated nondysraphic cervical lipomas are a rare entity. We discuss a case of nondysraphic cervical lipoma with an exophytic component. Case A 31 year-old woman presented with bilateral numbness in her hands and a burning and aching sensation in her arms for ∼ 6 months. The patient did not have any weakness or myelopathic signs. Magnetic resonance imaging T1 showed a T1 hyperintense, T2 hypointense, non-contrast-enhancing mass on the dorsal aspect of the spinal cord with significant compression. The patient underwent a dorsal cervical laminectomy with subtotal resection of an isolated cervical lipoma with an exophytic component. The pathology confirmed the diagnosis of a lipoma. Conclusions Surgical management of this rare pathology has a wide variety of options. Depending on the neurologic deficits, observation to gross total resection may be reasonable options. In our case, a subtotal resection was achieved with no further worsening of neurologic symptoms.
Project description:Lipomas are benign fatty tumors with a high prevalence rate, mostly found in adults but have a good prognosis. Until now, reason for lipoma occurrence not been identified. We performed whole exome sequencing to define the mutational spectrum in ten lipoma patients along with their matching control samples. We presented genomic insight into the development of lipomas, the most common benign tumor of soft tissue. Our analysis identified 412 somatic variants including missense mutations, splice site variants, frameshift indels, and stop gain/lost. Copy number variation analysis highlighted minor aberrations in patients. Kinase genes and transcriptions factors were among the validated mutated genes critical for cell proliferation and survival. Pathway analysis revealed enrichment of calcium, Wnt and phospholipase D signaling in patients. In conclusion, whole exome sequencing in lipomas identified mutations in genes with a possible role in development and progression of lipomas.
Project description:Solitary or multiple lipomas are considered common tumors that can occur anywhere in the body; however, mesenteric lipoma is a rare entity that is well known to present with signs and symptoms of small bowel volvulus. Hereby, we present a case of a 54-year-old male patient with multiple comorbidities who was suffering from chronic abdominal discomfort and gradual increase of his abdominal distention over many years without seeking any medical attention. The patient was seen by a general practitioner after complaining of an inflated abdomen, as he described his condition. After several imaging studies, he was diagnosed with one of the largest mesenteric lipomas in the literature. Mesenteric lipoma should be present in the differential diagnosis of any abdominal tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a major role in differentiating benign from malignant lipomas.
Project description:We present the case of a middle-aged man whose obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) was caused by a retropharyngeal lipoma, with complete resolution after transoral excision. Lipomas causing OSA are rare, and this represents the seventh reported case in the literature.
Project description:Primary cardiac tumours are a rare occurrence, of which lipomas comprise approximately 8%. Although mostly asymptomatic, cardiac lipomas can lead to lethal arrhythmias and significant left ventricular outflow obstruction. We present a case of an asymptomatic left ventricular lipoma managed by surgical resection and discuss diagnostic modalities and management options. Our case exemplifies how prompt surgical resection is a reasonable and safe approach in select patients even if they are asymptomatic.
Project description:Lipomas of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and internal auditory canal (IAC) are relatively rare tumors. Acoustic neurinoma is the most common tumor in this location, which often causes hearing loss, vertigo, and tinnitus. Occasionally, this tumor compresses the brainstem, prompting surgical resection. Lipomas in this area may cause symptoms similar to neurinoma. However, they are not considered for surgical treatment because their removal may result in several additional deficits. Conservative therapy and repeated magnetic resonance imaging examinations for CPA/IAC lipomas are standard measures for preserving cranial nerve function. Herein, we report a case of acoustic neurinoma and CPA lipoma occurring in close proximity to each other ipsilaterally. The main symptom was hearing loss without facial nerve paralysis. Therefore, facial nerve injury had to be avoided. Considering the anatomical relationships among the tumors, cranial nerves, and CPA/IAC lipoma, we performed total surgical removal of the acoustic neurinoma. We intentionally left the lipoma untreated, which enabled facial nerve preservation. This report may be a useful reference for the differential diagnosis of similar cases in the future.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Colonic lipomas are rare and can sometimes cause intussusception. The aim of this review was to define the presentation and possible management for colocolic intussusception caused by colonic lipomas.<h4>Methods</h4>A systematic search for patients with colocolic intussusception caused by colonic lipoma, including all available reports up to 2021. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and instrumental data and details about the treatments performed were gathered.<h4>Results</h4>Colocolic intussusception caused by lipoma is more frequent in women (57%), occurring between 40 and 70 years of age. Up to 83% of patients report abdominal pain, followed by constipation (18%), rectal bleeding (16%), and diarrhea (12%), with abdominal tenderness (37%), and distension in 16%, whereas 24% have a negative exploration. CT (72%) and colonoscopy (62%) are more commonly able to diagnose the entity. The most common location of intussusception is the transverse colon (28%). The surgical operation varies according to the site. The average dimensions of the lipoma are 59.81 × 47.84 × 38.9 mm<sup>3</sup>.<h4>Conclusions</h4>A correct preoperative diagnosis of colonic lipoma causing intussusception might not be easy. Despite nonspecific clinical and laboratory presentation, cross-sectional imaging can help differential diagnosis. Surgical treatment depends on the localization.