Dataset Information


Functional imaging equivalence and proof of concept for image-guided adaptive radiotherapy with fixed gantry and rotating couch.

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to present the first imaging experiments to demonstrate the functional equivalence between a conventional rotational gantry and a fixed-beam imaging geometry, and the feasibility of an iterative image-reconstruction technique under gravitational deformation.Experiments were performed using an Elekta Axesse with Agility MLC and XVI, a custom-built rotating phantom stage, a Catphan QA phantom, and a porcine heart. For the imaging equivalence, a conventional cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the Catphan was acquired, as well as a set of 660 x-ray projections with a static gantry and rotating Catphan. Both datasets were reconstructed with the Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) algorithm, and the resultant volumetric images were compared using standard metrics. For imaging under gravitational deformation, a conventional CBCT of the Catphan and a set of 660 x-ray projections with a static gantry and rotating Catphan were also acquired with a porcine heart. The conventional CBCT was reconstructed using FDK. The projections that were acquired with the heart rotating were sorted into angular bins and reconstructed with prior image constrained compressed sensing using a deformation-blurred FDK prior. Deformation was quantified with B-spline transformation-based deformable image registration.For imaging equivalence, the difference between the two Catphan images was consistent with Poisson noise. For imaging under gravitational deformation, the conventional CBCT porcine heart image (ground truth at 0 degrees) matched the static gantry, rotating heart reconstruction with a mean magnitude of <3 mm and maximum magnitude of <5 mm of the deformation vector field. The mean deformation of the rotating heart was 3.0 to 8.9 mm, up to 16.1 mm maximum deformation. Deformation was mainly observed in the direction of gravity.We have demonstrated imaging equivalence in cone beam CT reconstructions between rigid phantom images acquired with a conventional rotating gantry and with a fixed-gantry and rotating phantom. We have presented a method for image reconstruction under a fixed-beam imaging geometry using a deformable phantom.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5514241 | BioStudies | 2016-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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