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Investigation of pyrophosphate versus ATP substrate selection in the Entamoeba histolytica acetate kinase.

ABSTRACT: Acetate kinase (ACK; E.C., which catalyzes the interconversion of acetate and acetyl phosphate, is nearly ubiquitous in bacteria but is present only in one genus of archaea and certain eukaryotic microbes. All ACKs utilize ATP/ADP as the phosphoryl donor/acceptor in the respective directions of the reaction (acetate?+?ATP?[Formula: see text]?acetyl phosphate?+?ADP), with the exception of the Entamoeba histolytica ACK (EhACK) which uses pyrophosphate (PPi)/inorganic phosphate (Pi) (acetyl phosphate?+?Pi? [Formula: see text]?acetate?+?PPi). Structural analysis and modeling of EhACK indicated steric hindrance by active site residues constricts entry to the adenosine pocket as compared to ATP-utilizing Methanosarcina thermophila ACK (MtACK). Reciprocal alterations were made to enlarge the adenosine pocket of EhACK and reduce that of MtACK. The EhACK variants showed a step-wise increase in ADP and ATP binding but were still unable to use these as substrates, and enzymatic activity with Pi/PPi was negatively impacted. Consistent with this, ATP utilization by MtACK variants was negatively affected but the alterations were not sufficient to convert this enzyme to Pi/PPi utilization. Our results suggest that controlling access to the adenosine pocket can contribute to substrate specificity but is not the sole determinant.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5517563 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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