Carboplatin with intravenous and subsequent oral administration of vinorelbine in resected non-small-cell-lung cancer in real-world set-up.
ABSTRACT: Adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy is recommended for routine use in patients with Stage IIA, IIB or IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete resection. Results obtained for Stage IB were not conclusive. While vinorelbine plus cisplatin is the preferred choice after resection, combining vinorelbine with carboplatin promises improved compliance and delivery of drugs due to lower toxicity. We evaluated the impact of this option on treatment compliance and survival under real-world conditions.A prospective, single-arm, multicenter, non-interventional study evaluated the tolerability, dose intensity and survival resulting from adjuvant use of intravenous carboplatin (AUC 5 on day 1) with vinorelbine administered both intravenously (25 mg/m2 on day 1) and orally (60 mg/m2 on day 8) within four cycles of 21 days each. A total of 74 patients with a median age of 64 years were observed.The mean number of accomplished cycles was 3.78, and 62 patients (83.7%) completed all four planned cycles. Relative dose intensity for carboplatin was 88.9%, for intravenous vinorelbine 93.1%, and for oral vinorelbine 83.2%. Median follow-up was 4.73 years. Median disease-specific survival (DSS) was 7.63 years, median overall survival (OS) was 5.90 years, median disease-free survival (DFS0) was 4.43 years, and five-year survival was 56.2%. TNM stage of disease significantly affected DSS and OS. Favorable survival was observed in females, nonsmokers, patients aged over 65 years, patient with prior lobectomy, patients with tumor of squamous histology, and those who finished the planned therapy, but the differences were non-significant.Adjuvant carboplatin with vinorelbine switched from intravenous to oral administration was shown to be a favorable regimen with regard to tolerability and safety. Compliance to therapy was high, and survival parameters were promising, showing that applied regimen can be another potential option for adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Data are currently insufficient to support the use of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) after surgical resection for stage II or III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients aged ≥ 75 years. In this study we evaluated efficacy and safety profile of ACT in this population.<h4>Methods</h4>We retrospectively evaluated 140 patients ≥ 75 years who underwent curative surgical resection for stage II-III NSCLC from 2010 to 2018 with an indication to ACT according to current guidelines. A propensity score-matched analysis was performed to avoid cofounding biases.<h4>Results</h4>Thirty of 140 patients (21%) received ACT. Most patients (n = 24, 80%) received carboplatin in combination with vinorelbine, while 5 patients (17%) received cisplatin plus vinorelbine and one patient (3%) carboplatin plus gemcitabine. The occurrence of adverse events led to treatment discontinuation in 8 (27%) cases, while 19 (63%) patients completed 4 chemotherapy cycles. Common reported adverse events with ACT were anemia (n = 20, 67%), neutropenia (n = 18, 60%), thrombocytopenia (n = 9, 30%), renal impairment (n = 4, 13%) and transaminase elevation (n = 4, 13%). No toxic deaths occurred. The median follow-up was 67 months (IQR: 53-87). ACT was associated with a significant benefit in both relapse-free survival (median 36 vs. 18.5 months, p = 0.049) and overall survival (median not reached [NR] vs. 33.5 months, p = 0.023) in a propensity score-matched analysis which controlled for cofounders.<h4>Conclusion</h4>ACT confers a survival benefit after curative resection of stage II-III NSCLC in selected patients aged 75 years or older with a manageable toxicity profile.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but earlier studies have suggested that non-platinum combinations are equally effective and better tolerated. We conducted a national, randomised study to compare a non-platinum with a platinum combination. METHODS: Eligible patients had stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and performance status (PS) 0-2. Patients received up to three cycles of vinorelbine 60 mg m(-2) p.o.+gemcitabine 1000 mg m(-2) i.v. day 1 and 8 (VG) or vinorelbine 60 mg m(-2) p.o. day 1 and 8+carboplatin area under the curve=5 (Calvert's formula) i.v. day 1 (VC). Patients ≥75 years received 75% of the dose. Endpoints were overall survival, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), toxicity, and the use of radiotherapy. RESULTS: We randomised 444 patients from September 2007 to April 2009. The median age was 65 years, 58% were men and 25% had PS 2. Median survival was VG: 6.3 months; VC: 7.0 months, P=0.802. Vinorelbine plus carboplatin patients had more grade III/IV nausea/vomiting (VG: 4%, VC: 12%, P=0.008) and grade IV neutropenia (VG: 7%, VC: 19%, P<0.001). Infections, HRQoL and the use of radiotherapy did not differ significantly between the treatment groups. CONCLUSION: The two regimens yielded similar overall survival. The VG combination had only a slightly better toxicity profile.
Project description:Concomitant platinum-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CT-RT) is the recommended treatment for unresectable locally advanced stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractionated oral vinorelbine with cisplatin as induction CT followed by CT-RT.Patients with stage III NSCLC received 2 induction cycles of intravenous vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1 and oral vinorelbine 60 mg/m2 on day 8. Responding patients received 2 more cycles of cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1 and oral vinorelbine 20 mg on days 1, 3 and 5 concomitantly with radiotherapy 2 Gy daily, 5 days/week for a total of 66 Gy.Seventy patients, median age 61 years, were enrolled. Overall response rate (ORR) was 50.0%; Disease Control Rate was 81.42%. Median PFS was 14.58 months [95% CI, 10.97-18.75]. Median OS was 17.08 months [95% CI, 13.57-29.57]. One-year and 2-year survival rates were 68.6% [95% CI, 57.7-79.4] and 37%. One patient had a grade 3 pulmonary radiation injury and 26.5% had graded 1/2 esophagitis.In non-operable IIIA-IIIB NSCLC, the combination oral vinorelbine (fractionated fixed dose) plus cisplatin, during concomitant CT-RT, could offer a well-tolerated option, with comparable activity to I.V. vinorelbine-based chemoradiotherapy regimens.ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01839032.
Project description:To evaluate the safety and survival in women treated with adjuvant pelvic radiation "sandwiched" between six cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy with completely resected UPSC.Surgically staged women with UPSC (FIGO stage 1-4) and no visible residual disease were enrolled. Treatment involved paclitaxel (175 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (AUC=6.0-7.5) every 21 days for 3 doses, followed by radiation therapy (RT), followed by an additional 3 cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin (AUC=5-6). Survival analysis, using Kaplan-Meier methods, was performed on patients who completed at least 3 cycles of chemotherapy and RT.A total of 81 patients were enrolled, of which 72 patients completed the first 3 cycles of chemotherapy followed by prescribed RT. Median age was 67 years (range: 43-82 years). 59/72 (82%) had disease confined to the uterus and 13/72 (18%) had completely resected extra-uterine disease (stage 3 and 4). 65 (83%) completed the protocol. Overall PFS and OS for combined stage 1 and 2 patients was 65.5 ± 3.6 months and 76.5 ± 4.3 months, respectively. PFS and OS for combined stage 3 and 4 patients was 25.8 ± 3.0 and 35.9 ± 5.3 months, respectively. Three-year % survival probability for stage 1 and 2 patients was 84% and for stage 3 and 4 patients was 50%. Of the 435 chemotherapy cycles administered, there were 11(2.5%) G3/G4 non-hematologic toxicities. 26(6.0%) cycles had dose reductions and 37(8.5%) had dose delays.Compared to prior studies of single modality adjuvant therapy, RT "sandwiched" between paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy is well-tolerated and highly efficacious in women with completely resected UPSC.
Project description:Platinum/taxane combinations are widely used in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP), yielding response rates of 30% and median overall survival of 9-11 months in selected patients. Yet these combinations have not been subject to a randomised trial to overcome selection bias, a major problem in CUP. We randomised 92 patients to either paclitaxel/carboplatin (arm A) or the non-platinum non-taxane regimen gemcitabine/vinorelbine (arm B). The primary endpoint was rate of practicability as defined: application of >or=2 cycles of therapy (1) with a maximal delay of 1 week (2) and survival of >or=8 months (3). Practicability was shown in 52.4% (95% CI 36-68%) in arm A and in 42.2% (95% CI 28-58%) in arm B, respectively. The median overall survival, 1-year survival -rate and response rate of patients treated in arm A was 11.0 months, 38, and 23.8%, arm B 7.0 months, 29, and 20%. In conclusion, the paclitaxel/carboplatin regimen showed clinically meaningful activity in this randomised trial (Clinical trial registration number 219, 'Deutsches KrebsStudienRegister', German Cancer Society.)
Project description:<h4>Importance</h4>The efficacy of taxane plus platinum regimens has been demonstrated for advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer; however, it has not been assessed in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer.<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the clinical benefit of taxane plus platinum compared with standard doxorubicin plus cisplatin as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in endometrial cancer.<h4>Design, setting, and participants</h4>In this multicenter, open-label, phase 3 randomized clinical trial, patients with endometrial cancer at high-risk stage I or II or stage III or IV that did not extend beyond the abdominal cavity and had 2 cm or greater residual tumor were included from 118 institutions in Japan from November 24, 2006, to January 7, 2011. Data was analyzed from March 15, 2017, to June 30, 2017.<h4>Interventions</h4>Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive 6 cycles of doxorubicin, 60 mg/m2, plus cisplatin, 50 mg/m2, on day 1; docetaxel, 70 mg/m2, plus cisplatin, 60 mg/m2, on day 1; or paclitaxel, 180 mg/m2, plus carboplatin (area under the curve, 6.0 mg/mL × min) on day 1 every 3 weeks.<h4>Main outcomes and measures</h4>The primary end point was progression-free survival. Secondary end points were overall survival, occurrence of adverse events, tolerability, and status of lymph node dissection.<h4>Results</h4>Among 788 eligible patients, the median (SD) age was 59 (22-74) years; 263 patients were assigned to doxorubicin plus cisplatin treatment, 263 patients to docetaxel plus cisplatin treatment, and 262 patients to paclitaxel plus carboplatin treatment. The number of patients who did not complete 6 cycles was 53 (20.1%) for the doxorubicin plus cisplatin group, 45 (17.1%) for the docetaxel plus cisplatin group, and 63 (24.0%) for the paclitaxel plus carboplatin group. Tolerability of these regimens were not statistically different. After a median follow-up period of 7 years, there was no statistical difference of progression-free survival (doxorubicin plus cisplatin, 191; docetaxel plus cisplatin, 208; paclitaxel plus carboplatin, 187; P = .12) or overall survival (doxorubicin plus cisplatin, 217; docetaxel plus cisplatin, 223; paclitaxel plus carboplatin, 215; P = .67) among the 3 groups. The 5-year progression-free survival rate was 73.3% for the doxorubicin plus cisplatin group, 79.0% for the docetaxel plus cisplatin group, and 73.9% for the paclitaxel plus carboplatin group, while the 5-year overall survival rates were 82.7%, 88.1%, and 86.1%, respectively.<h4>Conclusions and relevance</h4>There was no significant difference of survival among patients receiving doxorubicin plus cisplatin, docetaxel plus cisplatin, or paclitaxel plus carboplatin as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer. Because each regimen showed adequate tolerability but different toxic effects, taxane plus platinum regimens may be a reasonable alternative to treatment with doxorubicin plus cisplatin.<h4>Trial registration</h4>UMIN-CTR identifier: UMIN000000522.
Project description:Adjuvant chemotherapy has been proven to be beneficial for patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer. However, toxicity and insufficient dose delivery have been critical issues with the chemotherapy used. Doublet regimens with pemetrexed, a multi-target folate inhibitor, and platin show clear activity in non-small cell lung cancer and are well tolerated with low toxicity rates and excellent delivery.In this prospective, multi-center, open label randomized phase II study, patients with pathologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer, stage IB, IIA, IIB, T3N1 will be randomized after complete tumor resection either to 4 cycles of the standard adjuvant vinorelbine and cisplatin regimen from the published phase III data, or to 4 cycles of pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 d1 and cisplatin 75 mg/m2 d1, q 3 weeks. Primary objective is to compare the clinical feasibility of these cisplatin doublets defined as non-occurrence of grade 4 neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia > 7 days or bleeding, grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia and/or infection, grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicity, non-acceptance leading to premature withdrawal and no cancer or therapy related death. Secondary parameters are efficacy (time to relapse, overall survival) and drug delivery. Parameters of safety are hematologic and non-hematologic toxicity of both arms.The TREAT trial was designed to evaluate the clinical feasibility, i.e. rate of patients without dose limiting toxicities or premature treatment withdrawal or death of the combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed as well as the published phase III regimen of cisplatin and vinorelbine. Hypothesis of the study is that reduced toxicities might improve the feasibility of drug delivery, compliance and the convenience of treatment for the patient and perhaps survival.
Project description:We assessed the feasibility of adjuvant S-1 and oxaliplatin following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) and esophagectomy. Patients treated with nCRT (paclitaxel, carboplatin) and esophagectomy received six 21-day cycles with oxaliplatin (130 mg/m<sup>2</sup>) on day 1 and S-1 (25 mg/m<sup>2</sup> twice daily) on days 1-14. The primary endpoint was feasibility, defined as ?50% completing treatment. We performed exploratory propensity-score matching to compare survival, ERCC1 and Thymidylate Synthase (TS) immunohistochemistry analyses, proteomics biomarker discovery and 5-FU pharmacokinetic analyses. Forty patients were enrolled and 48% completed all adjuvant cycles. Median dose intensity was 98% for S-1 and 62% for oxaliplatin. The main reason for early discontinuation was toxicity (67%). The median recurrence-free and overall survival were 28.3 months and 40.8 months, respectively (median follow-up 29.1 months). Survival was not significantly prolonged compared to a matched cohort (<i>p</i> = 0.09). Patients with ERCC1 negative tumor expression had significantly better survival compared to ERCC1 positivity (<i>p</i> = 0.01). Our protein signature model was predictive of survival [<i>p</i> = 0.04; Area under the curve (AUC) 0.80]. Moreover, 5-FU pharmacokinetics significantly correlated with treatment-related toxicity. To conclude, six cycles adjuvant S-1 and oxaliplatin were not feasible in pretreated esophageal adenocarcinoma. Although the question remains whether additional treatment with chemotherapy should be provided in the adjuvant setting, subgroups such as patients with ERCC1 negativity could potentially benefit from adjuvant SOX based on our exploratory biomarker research.
Project description:PURPOSE:We assessed whether chemotherapy selection based on in situ ERCC1 and RRM1 protein levels would improve survival in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS:Eligible patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to the trial's experimental arm, which consisted of gemcitabine/carboplatin if RRM1 and ERCC1 were low, docetaxel/carboplatin if RRM1 was high and ERCC1 was low, gemcitabine/docetaxel if RRM1 was low and ERCC1 was high, and docetaxel/vinorelbine if both were high. In the control arm, patients received gemcitabine/carboplatin. The trial was powered for a 32% improvement in 6-month progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS:Of 331 patients registered, 275 were eligible. The median number of cycles given was four in both arms. A tumor rebiopsy specifically for expression analysis was required in 17% of patients. The median time from informed consent to expression analysis was 11 days. We found no statistically significant differences between the experimental arm and the control arm in PFS (6.1 months v 6.9 months) or overall survival (11.0 months v 11.3 months). A subset analysis revealed that patients with low levels for both proteins who received the same treatment in both treatment arms had a statistically better PFS (P = .02) in the control arm (8.1 months) compared with the experimental arm (5.0 months). CONCLUSION:This demonstrates that protein expression analysis for therapeutic decision making is feasible in newly diagnosed patients with advanced-stage NSCLC. A tumor rebiopsy is safe, required in 17%, and acceptable to 89% (47 of 53) of patients.
Project description:A 62-year-old white female with a history of early-stage triple-negative breast cancer on a combination of carboplatin and paclitaxel in the adjuvant setting presented with lower gastrointestinal bleeding. She tolerated 4 cycles of dose-dense adriamycin/cyclophosphamide with no major symptoms. After 6 cycles of weekly paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin every 3 weeks, she presented with diarrhea and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Colonosopic examination showed erythema and inflammation in the splenic flexure, descending colon, and sigmoid colon consistent with ischemic colitis. Pathology favored the same diagnosis. She was treated conservatively with intravenous fluids and bowel rest. Chemotherapy was held for 2 weeks and resumed after recovery without carboplatin. She was able to tolerate the remaining 6 cycles of paclitaxel with no recurrence of her symptoms.