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High expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is a good prognostic factor in colorectal cancer: Result of a meta-analysis.

ABSTRACT: To systematically evaluate the prognostic-predictive capability of Bcl-2 in colorectal cancer (CRC).A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science and EMBASE databases. Any eligible study must meet the following criteria: (1) bcl-2 expression was evaluated in human CRC tissues by immunohistochemistry; (2) assessment of the relationships between bcl-2 expression and overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS), recurrent free survival (RFS) or clinic-pathological characteristics of CRC was included; (3) sufficient information was provided to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs); and (4) the study was published in English. The impact of Bcl-2 expression on survival of CRC patients were evaluated through this meta-analysis.A total of 40 eligible articles involving 7658 patients were enrolled in our final analysis. We drew the conclusion that Bcl-2 high expression was significantly correlated with favorable OS (pooled HR = 0.69, 95%CI: 0.55-0.87, P = 0.002) and better DFS/RFS (pooled HR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.50-0.85, P = 0.001). Additionally, the subgroup analysis suggested that Bcl-2 overexpression was significantly associated with prognosis (OS) especially in patients came from Europe and America but not Asian and patients who did not receive any adjuvant therapy before surgery. Finally, our present results indicated that expression of bcl-2 protein was associated with high differentiation grade and A/B Ducks' stage.Bcl-2 high expression was significantly correlated with favorable OS and better DFS/RFS. Hence, we propose that Bcl-2 may be a valuable prognostic-predictive marker in CRC.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5526771 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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