Fibroelastoma Recurrence in Left Ventricle: Rarity of Primary Cardiac Tumor.
ABSTRACT: Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is a primary cardiac neoplasm usually detected by echocardiography. Left ventricular fibroelastomas are extremely rare. The incidence of CPF is between 0.0017 and 0.33% during autopsy studies. We report a 70-year-old man who had papillary fibroelastoma discovered and resected in 2005 that recurred in 2013. The tumor grew rapidly from 2013 to 2014. A bioprosthetic mitral valve was placed in 2014. Due to the location and nature of the recurrent tumor, mitral valve replacement was the treatment of choice to prevent a third recurrence of the fibroelastoma. The patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 9.
Project description:Papillary fibroelastomas are benign cardiac tumors with high embolic potential typically found on the valvular surfaces of the heart. Nonvalvular papillary fibroelastomas are exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian male with acute bilateral basal ganglia infarctions found to have a mass adherent to the left ventricular septum by transesophageal echocardiography. The mass was identified as a rare nonvalvular cardiac papillary fibroelastoma based on echogenicity, pedunculated nature, and typical motion. Tissue characterization by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated homogeneously hypo-intense signal on T2 weighted imaging and signal hyperintensity after administration of gadolinium contrast, confirming the fibroelastic nature of the mass. Surgical excision was performed via ventriculotomy and histopathologic examination was pathognomonic of a papillary fibroelastoma. We conclude that transesophageal echocardiography provides high diagnostic certainty in patients with cardiac papillary fibroelastomas and can reliably identify atypical locations of these tumors on nonvalvular surfaces. A multimodality imaging approach is not necessarily indicated in all patients with this condition. LEARNING OBJECTIVE:Papillary fibroelastomas are benign cardiac tumors with high embolic potential typically found on the valvular surfaces of the heart. Nonvalvular papillary fibroelastomas are exceedingly rare. Transesophageal echocardiography readily identifies nonvalvular papillary fibroelastomas based on echogenicity, pedunculated nature, and characteristic motion, and reliably differentiates them from other cardiac masses. A multimodality imaging approach is not indicated in all patients with this condition.
Project description:We present the case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of endometrial carcinoma in 1996, who underwent a total hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy. The patient also received chemotherapy and mediastinal radiotherapy followed by cancer remission. Ten years later she presented with heart failure and her Doppler-echocardiogram showed severe mitral regurgitation with pulmonary hypertension and a papillary fibroelastoma in the left ventricle. In 2011, she underwent a mitral valve replacement with a biological prosthesis and the pathology exam revealed valve damage consistent with radiotherapy- induced changes and confirmed the presence of a papillary fibroelastoma. This unusual mechanism of papillary fibroelastoma should be disseminated among cardiology physicians and in patients who have survived for long periods after radiotherapy. It is important to remember that cardiac complications may indeed occur, and the treating physician is responsible for detecting them.
Project description:We present a case of a young woman who was initially diagnosed with acute stroke with no obvious risk factors. Preliminary investigation with transthoracic echocardiography and subsequent advanced imaging with transoesophageal echocardiography suggested the diagnosis of a benign cardiac tumour on the anterior leaflet of mitral valve. The patient underwent urgent surgical resection. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma. She made complete clinical recovery with no recurrence of symptoms.
Project description:The differential diagnosis of cardiac mass is important in determining the therapeutic plan and avoiding unnecessary surgical intervention. Non-invasive imaging methods would be useful in the diagnosis of suspected cardiac mass, because they may provide earlier diagnosis and more accurate assessment of cardiac mass. Native aortic valve thrombosis is a rare disorder and difficult to differentiate from a tumor, and in particular, a papillary fibroelastoma. Thus, the clinical decision making with imaging modalities should be performed cautiously. We recently met a female patient who had a aortic valve mass resembling papillary fibroelastoma in normal native valve. The patient underwent a surgical resection and the pathologic finding showed an organized thrombus with no evidence of papillary fibroelastoma.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Papillary fibroelastomas are rare primary cardiac tumours with a prevalence of 0.01% at autopsy. They are histologically benign tumours but have been demonstrated through case series to confer an increased risk of thrombo-embolism resulting in: transient ischaemic attack, stroke, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary and systemic embolization. CASE SUMMARY:A 54-year-old woman presented with central chest pain radiating to her left arm. At presentation there was a significant troponin rise; initial high-sensitivity troponin-I (hsTn-I) 660 pg/mL increased to 3340 pg/mL at 6 h. Coronary angiogram did not reveal any obstructing coronary artery disease. Echocardiography revealed a rounded, mobile mass on the left coronary cusp of the aortic valve suspicious for papillary fibroelastoma. The patient underwent shave excision of the lesion. Intra-operatively it was noted that the mass intermittently sat within the ostium of the left main resulting in its occlusion. Histology confirmed a papillary fibroelastoma. DISCUSSION:Primary cardiac tumours are rare but can cause life-threatening complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, and cardiac arrest. In the literature, the mechanism of these complications is mainly attributed to thrombo-embolism. This case demonstrates the utility of echocardiogram in investigating and diagnosing a rare cause of myocardial infarction and highlights an unusual mechanism, that is tumour causing obstruction of the coronary ostium.
Project description:A 25-year-old woman with a history of kidney transplantation for lupus nephritis was referred for the evaluation and management of a mass incidentally found on echocardiography. An oval and pedunculated mass attached to the tricuspid valve was managed with nonsurgical treatment. No symptoms and complications attributable to the mass developed. Three years later, the size of the mass decreased. Here we report the case of a probable cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (PFE), a mobile mass, with a stalk on the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve that was managed for three years without surgical treatment.
Project description:Papillary fibroelastomas (PFEs) are benign cardiac tumors arising from endocardium. They are commonly found on valvular surfaces and average 1.0-1.5?cm in size. Though often asymptomatic, PFEs can lead to potentially severe complications, primarily due to their embolic potential. Surgical resection is recommended for all symptomatic or large PFEs. We report the case of a patient presenting with cardiovascular symptoms who was found to have a very large aortic valve PFE, as diagnosed by histopathologic examination following surgical resection. Multimodality cardiovascular imaging demonstrates the classic morphologic findings, including a pedunculated appearance and oscillating "frond-like" surface projections.
Project description:A 61-year-old male presented for an annual exam and received a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) which revealed a mobile mass arising from a subaortic membrane. Further investigations with a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) and cardiac computerized tomography angiography (CTA) confirmed the presence of a mobile 9?mm × 3?mm mass on a subaortic membrane. Cardiothoracic surgery was performed with an open operation removing the mass and subaortic membrane. Upon visual inspection, the mass was likened to a sea anemone and immunohistochemical staining performed pathologically confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma. This case represents the first reported example of a cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) arising from a subaortic membrane. Although PFEs are benign cardiac tumors, proper identification and consideration for excision of these lesions may be indicated to prevent thromboembolic complications.
Project description:Severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification is a significant problem in cardiovascular surgery. Unfortunately, clinical markers did not demonstrate efficacy in prediction of severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification. Here, we examined whether a genomics-based approach is efficient in predicting the risk of severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification. A total of 124 consecutive Russian patients who underwent mitral valve replacement surgery were recruited. We investigated the associations of the inherited variation in innate immunity, lipid metabolism and calcium metabolism genes with severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification. Genotyping was conducted utilizing the TaqMan assay. Eight gene polymorphisms were significantly associated with severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification and were therefore included into stepwise logistic regression which identified male gender, the T/T genotype of the rs3775073 polymorphism within the TLR6 gene, the C/T genotype of the rs2229238 polymorphism within the IL6R gene, and the A/A genotype of the rs10455872 polymorphism within the LPA gene as independent predictors of severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification. The developed genomics-based model had fair predictive value with area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.73. In conclusion, our genomics-based approach is efficient for the prediction of severe bioprosthetic mitral valve calcification.
Project description:Graphical abstract Highlights • A patient presented with reduced effort tolerance and abnormal stress test.• He was subsequently found to have a left ventricular mass.• Multimodal imaging was utilized; however, diagnostic certainty remained limited.• Cardiac surgery was pursued, wherein a single left ventricular mass was resected.• Biopsy was consistent with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma.• On follow-up, the patient reported a return to prior functioning.