Pretreatment glycemic control status is an independent prognostic factor for cervical cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced disease.
ABSTRACT: To investigate whether poor glycemic control status has a negative impact on survival outcomes and tumor response to chemotherapy in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC).A retrospective cohort study was conducted to examine LACC patients undergoing NACT and radical hysterectomy between 2002 and 2011. Patients were divided into three groups: patients without diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetic patients with good glycemic control, and diabetic patients with poor glycemic control. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were used to indicate glycemic control status. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models.In total, 388 patients were included and had a median follow-up time of 39 months (range: 4-67 months). Diabetes mellitus (DM) was diagnosed in 89 (22.9%) patients, only 35 (39.3%) of whom had good glycemic control prior to NACT (HbA1c < 7.0%). In survival analysis, compared with patients with good glycemic control and patients without DM, patients with poor glycemic control (HbA1c ? 7.0%) exhibited decreased recurrence-free survival (RFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, HbA1c ? 7.0% was identified as an independent predictor for decreased RFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.33, P < 0.0001), CSS (HR = 3.60, P < 0.0001) and OS (HR = 4.35, P < 0.0001). In the subgroup of diabetic patients, HbA1c ? 7.0% prior to NACT had an independent negative effect on RFS (HR = 2.18, P = 0.044) and OS (HR = 2.29, P = 0.012). When examined as a continuous variable, the HbA1c level was independently associated with decreased RFS (HR = 1.39, P = 0.002), CSS (HR = 1.28, P = 0.021) and OS (HR = 1.27, P = 0.004). Both good (odds ratio [OR] = 0.06, P < 0.0001) and poor glycemic control (OR = 0.04, P < 0.0001) were independently associated with a decreased likelihood of complete response following NACT.Poor glycemic control is an independent predictor of survival and tumor response to chemotherapy for patients receiving NACT for LACC.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To determine the combination of fasting blood glucose (FBG) with squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) assessments in the prediction of tumor responses to chemotherapy and pretreatment prognostication among patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS:Data of 347 LACC patients were retrospectively reviewed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed, and areas under the curves (AUCs) were compared to evaluate the ability to predict complete response (CR) following NACT. Patients were stratified into groups with low and high levels of SCCA and FBG and combined into low- or high-SCCA and low- or high-FBG groups. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify determinants of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:The AUCs were 0.70, 0.68, and 0.66 for SCCA, FBG, and a combination of SCCA and FBG for predicting CR following NACT, respectively; however, the differences among AUCs were not significant (P = .496). Pretreatment SCCA and FBG levels were identified as independent predictors of RFS and OS. The high-SCCA/high-FBG group showed significantly worse prognosis than the low-SCCA/low-FBG group. After adjusting for other variables, high-SCCA/high-FBG remained independently associated with an increased risk of tumor recurrence and death. CONCLUSION:SCCA, FBG, and a combination of SCCA and FBG could acceptably predict CR following NACT. Pretreatment SCCA and FBG levels were independent prognostic factors. The combination of SCCA and FBG levels refined the prognostic stratification of LACC patients, which allowed the group of patients with the highest risk of recurrence and death to be identified.
Project description:<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the prognostic roles of BAP1, PBRM1, pS6, PTEN, TGase2, PD-L1, CA9, PSMA, and Ki-67 tissue biomarkers in localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC).<h4>Methods</h4>Patients who underwent a nephrectomy during 1992-2015 and had a primary specimen of their kidney tumor were included. The nine tissue biomarkers were immunohistochemically stained on tissue microarrays of RCC, and the semi-quantitative H-score, including intensity score, was used to grade the sample. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate tissue markers significant for overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) after adjusting for significant clinicopathological parameters.<h4>Results</h4>Samples from 351 RCC patients were included. The mean age of the patients was 53.9 years; the rates of pathologic T1-2/?T3 stage, Fuhrman 1+2/3+4 grade, recurrence, and death were 269/65(80.5/19.5%), 222/107 (67.5/32.5%), 6.6%, and 10.5%, respectively. Median OS, CSS, and RFS were 220.6, 220.6, and 147.1 months, respectively. The multivariable analysis showed that pathologic T stage and Fuhrman nuclear grade were significantly associated with OS and CSS. Pathologic T stage and tumor size were associated with RFS. After adjusting for these significant prognostic clinicopathological factors, Ki-67 was significantly associated with OS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.7), CSS (HR, 3.82), and RFS (HR, 4.85) and pS6 was associated with CSS (HR, 8.63) and RFS (HR, 8.51) in the multivariable model (p<0.05).<h4>Conclusion</h4>pS6 and Ki-67 are significant prognostic factors of RCC; however, BAP1, PBRM1, TGase 2, PD-L1, CA9, PTEN loss, and PSMA markers did not show this association.
Project description:Purpose. The prognostic value of pretreatment lymphocyte monocyte ratio (LMR) in digestive system cancer patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to quantify the prognostic impact of this biomarker and assess its consistency in digestive system tumors. Methods. We searched "PubMed," "Embase," and "CBM" for published eligible studies before June 2016 and conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the pooled hazard ratios (HRs) for disease recurrence and mortality focusing on LMR. Subgroup analyses, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyses were also performed. Results. A total of 22 cohort studies enrolling 12829 patients with digestive system cancer were included. The summary results showed that lower LMR was significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and tumor disease or recurrence-free survival (DFS/RFS) in analyses using the studies reporting HRs either by the univariate analyses (HR = 1.32, HR = 1.35, and HR = 1.26 for OS, CSS, and DFS/RFS, resp.) or by multivariate analyses (HR = 1.21, HR = 1.18, and HR = 1.26 for OS, CSS, and DFS/RFS, resp.). Conclusion. Our results support the fact that decreased LMR indicates worse prognosis in multiple digestive system tumors.
Project description:We sought to determine which parsimonious combination of complete blood count (CBC)-based biomarkers most efficiently predicts oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BC).Using our institutional RC database (1992-2012), nine CBC-based markers (including both absolute cell counts and ratios) were evaluated based on pre-treatment measurements. The outcome measures were recurrence-free survival (RFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). Time-dependent receiver-operating characteristics curves were used to characterise each biomarker. The CBC-based biomarkers, along with several clinical predictors, were then considered for inclusion in predictive multivariable Cox models based on the Akaike Information Criterion.Our cohort included 418 patients. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was the only biomarker satisfying criteria for inclusion into all models, independently predicting RFS (HR per 1-log unit=1.52, 95% CI=1.17-1.98, P=0.002), CSS (HR=1.47, 95% CI=1.20-1.80, P<0.001), and OS (HR=1.56, 95% CI=1.16-2.10, P=0.004). Haemoglobin was also independently predictive of CSS (HR per 1?g/dl=0.91, 95% CI=0.86-0.95, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.90, 95% CI=0.88-0.93, P<0.001), but not RFS.Among CBC biomarkers studied, NLR was the most efficient marker for predicting RFS, whereas NLR and haemoglobin were most efficient in predicting CSS and OS. NLR and haemoglobin are promising, cost-effective, independent biomarkers for predicting oncologic BC outcomes following RC.Various CBC-based biomarkers have separately been shown to be predictive of oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing cystectomy for BC. Our study evaluated these biomarkers, and determined that NLR is the best CBC-based biomarker for predicting RFS, whereas NLR and haemoglobin are most efficient for predicting CSS and OS.
Project description:This retrospective, five-multicenter study was aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of pathologic nodal positivity on recurrence-free (RFS), metastasis-free (MFS), overall (OS), and cancer-specific (CSS) survivals in patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (nmRCC) who underwent either radical or partial nephrectomy with/without LN dissection. A total of 4236 nmRCC patients was enrolled between 2000 and 2012, and followed up through the end of 2017. Survival measures were compared between 52 (1.2%) stage pT1-4N1 (LN+) patients and 4184 (98.8%) stage pT1-4N0 (LN-) patients using Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis to determine the prognostic risk factors for each survival measure. During the median 43.8-month follow-up, 410 (9.7%) recurrences, 141 (3.3%) metastases, and 351 (8.3%) deaths, including 212 (5.0%) cancer-specific deaths, were reported. The risk factor analyses showed that predictive factors for RFS, CSS, and OS were similar, whereas those of MFS were not. After adjusting for significant clinical factors affecting survival outcomes considering the hazard ratios (HR) of each group, the LN+ group, even those with low pT stage, had similar to or worse survival outcomes than the pT3N0 (LN-) group in multivariable analysis and had significantly more relationship with RFS than MFS. All survival measures were significantly worse in pT1-2N1 patients (MFS/RFS/OS/CSS; HR 4.12/HR 3.19/HR 4.41/HR 7.22) than in pT3-4N0 patients (HR 3.08/HR 2.92/HR 2.09/HR 3.73). Therefore, LN+ had an impact on survival outcomes worse than pT3-4N0 and significantly affected local recurrence rather than distant metastasis compared to LN- in nmRCC after radical or partial nephrectomy.
Project description:The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative anemia on the prognosis of patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).A total of 620 patients with UTUC were retrospectively analyzed. Anemia was decided by preoperatively measured hemoglobin values based on the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze the relationship between anemia and survival outcomes. The meta-analysis part was performed according to PRISMA guidelines.The median follow-up was 51 (range: 1-168) months. A total of 246 patients had preoperative anemia in our cohort. Anemia was found to be related to high-grade (P?<?.001), sessile architecture (P?=?.001), advanced T stage (P?<?.001), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (P?=?.006), and worse chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage (P?=?.012). Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that patients with preoperative anemia had worse overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and disease recurrence-free survival (RFS) (all P?<?.001). Multivariable Cox analyses found that anemia was an independent predictor of CSS [hazard ratio (HR) 1.719, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.285-2.300], RFS (HR 1.427, 95% CI: 1.114-1.829) and OS (HR 1.756, 95% CI: 1.353-2.279). Among patients without end-stage renal disease (ESRD, n?=?614), the anemia was also proved to be associated with worse outcomes in multivariable Cox analysis (OS, HR 1.759, 95% CI: 1.353-2.287; CSS, HR 1.726, 95% CI: 1.289-2.311, and RFS, HR 1.431, 95% CI: 1.117-1.837). Seven studies were included in the meta-analysis, and the pooled results showed that anemia was also related to worse CSS (HR 2.05, 95% CI: 1.73-2.44), RFS (HR 1.57, 95% CI: 1.30-1.90), and OS (HR 1.53, 95% CI: 1.10-2.13), but not related to intravesical recurrence (HR 1.17, 95% CI: 0.75-1.82).Preoperative anemia was proved to be significantly associated with worse oncologic outcomes in patients with UTUC following RNU.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Hydronephrosis is a common finding in patients with bladder cancer. The aim of the study was to appraise the prognostic value of preoperative hydronephrosis in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a literature search using PubMed and Embase databases in Aug 2018. Summary hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using fixed-effect or random-effects models. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints were cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS).<h4>Results</h4>Overall, 13 studies published between 2008 and 2018 including 4,820 patients were selected for the meta-analysis. The age of bladder cancer patients ranged from 27 to 90.4 years, and the overall proportion of males was 72.5%. Preoperative hydronephrosis was reported in 27.4% of patients. The pooled HR was statistically significant for OS (HR, 1.36; 95% CI [1.20-1.55]) and CSS (HR, 1.64; 95% CI [1.33-2.02]), with no heterogeneity among the enrolled studies. Patients with bilateral hydronephrosis showed a poorer CSS compared to those with no hydronephrosis (HR 5.43, 95% CI [3.14-9.40]). However, there was no difference in CSS between no hydronephrosis and unilateral hydronephrosis groups (HR 1.35, 95% CI [0.84-2.14]). Despite a tendency towards poorer RFS (HR, 1.27; 95% CI [0.96-1.96]), the results demonstrated no significant association between presence of preoperative hydronephrosis and RFS after radical cystectomy.<h4>Conclusion</h4>This meta-analysis indicates that preoperative hydronephrosis is significantly associated with poorer OS and CSS after radical cystectomy for patients with bladder cancer. Preoperative hydronephrosis has a stronger effect on CSS in patients with bilateral hydronephrosis. The presence of preoperative hydronephrosis not only predicts prognosis, but may also help to identify patients who benefit the most from neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:A large number of studies have investigated the prognostic value of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma, but the evidence from these papers is conflicting. This systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out to assess the role of PLR in urothelial carcinoma patients. After a systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Web of science databases, the associations between PLR and overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS)/disease-specific survival (DSS), and relapse-free survival (RFS)/disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed in urothelial carcinoma patients. The relationship between PLR and pathological results was also evaluated. A total of seven studies (eight cohorts) comprising 3171 patients were included. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) indicated the increased preoperative PLR predicted poor OS (HR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.01- 1.27, p < 0.001), CSS/DSS (HR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.08-1.40, p < 0.001), RFS/DFS (HR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.09-1.38, p < 0.001). However, no significant correlation was found between elevated preoperative PLR and pathological results such as tumor grade, tumor necrosis and T stages. These findings suggest a high PLR is associated with reduced OS, CSS/DSS and RFS/DFS in urothelial carcinoma. Preoperative PLR may therefore be a predictive factor in this patient group.
Project description:Tumor necrosis (TN) correlates with adverse outcomes in numerous solid tumors. However, its prognostic value in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains unclear. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate associations between TN and cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS) and progression-free-survival (PFS) in RCC.Electronic searches in PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science were conducted according to the PRISMA statement. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to evaluate relationships between TN and RCC. A fixed- or random-effects model was used to calculate pooled HRs and 95%CIs according to heterogeneity.A total of 34 cohort studies met the eligibility criteria of this meta-analysis. The results showed that TN was significantly predictive of poorer CSS (HR?=?1.37, 95% CI: 1.23-1.53, p?<?0.001), OS (HR?=?1.29, 95% CI: 1.20-1.40, p?<?0.001), RFS (HR?=?1.55, 95% CI: 1.39-1.72, p?<?0.001) and PFS (HR?=?1.31, 95% CI: 1.17-1.46, p?<?0.001) in patients with RCC. All the findings were robust when stratified by geographical region, pathological type, staging system, number of patients, and median follow-up.The present study suggests that TN is associated with CSS, OS, RFS and PFS clinical outcomes of RCC patients and may serve as a predictor of poor prognosis in these patients.
Project description:Purpose:To evaluate the impact of perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) on oncologic outcomes after surgery in patients with nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods:This retrospective review included 2,329 patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy for localized RCC in a single institution from 2000 to 2014. PBT was defined as transfusion of allogeneic packed red blood cells (pRBCs) during nephrectomy or within the preoperative or postoperative hospitalization period. Oncologic outcomes of interest were recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Results:PBT was performed in 275 patients (11.8%). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, symptomatic presentation, advanced age at surgery, higher preoperative serum creatinine, and lower preoperative hemoglobin were independent preoperative risk factors for PBT (all p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier plots revealed that transfused patients showed poorer 5-year RFS (65.1% vs. 91.2%, p<0.001), OS (71.4% vs. 92.8%, p<0.001), and CSS (74.0% vs. 95.5%, p<0.001) than nontransfused patients. However, in the multivariable Cox regression analyses, PBT was not significantly associated with RFS, OS, or CSS. In multivariable analyses involving transfused patients only (n=275), an higher number of pRBC units was an independent predictor of worse OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.043; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.008-1.078; p=0.016) and CSS (HR, 1.066; 95% CI, 1.033-1.100; p<0.001). Conclusions:The results of this study are inconclusive in that the influence of PBT on survival outcomes could not be determined in the multivariate analysis. However, increasing pRBC units in transfused patients might be a concern in light of worse OS and CSS. Therefore, efforts to limit PBT overuse seem necessary to improve postoperative survival in patients with RCC.