MiR-29b and miR-125a regulate podoplanin and suppress invasion in glioblastoma.
ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma is the most frequent and malignant brain tumor, characterized by an elevated capacity for cellular proliferation and invasion. Recently, it was demonstrated that podoplanin membrane sialo-glycoprotein encoded by PDPN gene is over-expressed and related to cellular invasion in astrocytic tumors; however the mechanisms of regulation are still unknown. MicroRNAs are noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression and several biological processes and diseases, including cancer. Nevertheless, their roles in invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis of glioblastoma are not completely understood. In this study, we focused on miR-29b and miR-125a, which were predicted to regulate PDPN, and demonstrated that these microRNAs directly target the 3' untranslated region of PDPN and inhibit invasion, apoptosis, and proliferation of glioblastomas. Furthermore, we report that miR-29b and miR-125a are downregulated in glioblastomas and also in CD133-positive cells. Taken together, these results suggest that miR-29b and miR-125a represent potential therapeutic targets in glioblastoma.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Neurotensin (NTS) and its primary receptor NTSR1 are implicated in cancer progression. Aberrant expression of NTS/NTSR1 contributes to the proliferation of glioblastoma cells; however, the mechanism is not fully understood.<h4>Methods</h4>Microarray and real-time PCR were performed to identify the NTS-regulated micro (mi)RNAs. The targets of the miRNAs were identified by luciferase assays and immunoblot analysis. The c-Myc binding sites in the miR-29b-1 and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4 promoters were identified through chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Cell proliferation was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis. An orthotopic xenograft model demonstrated the role of NTS/NTSR1 and miRNAs in glioblastoma growth in vivo.<h4>Results</h4>Pharmacological inhibition or small interfering NTSR1 treatment blocked glioblastoma cell cycle progression in the G1 phase with a concomitantly decreased expression of CDK6, CDK4, and c-Myc. Knockdown of NTSR1 increased the expression of miR-29b-1 and miR-129-3p, which were responsible for the decreased CDK6 expression. NTS/NTSR1 signaling activated the transcription factor c-Myc in U87 cells, leading to increased CDK4 expression and repressed miR-29b-1 expression. Knockdown of NTSR1 decreased the glioblastoma growth in vivo and significantly prolonged the survival time of the tumor-bearing mice, an effect that can be largely reversed by antagomir.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Our study showed a novel regulatory mechanism of NTS/NTSR1, an upstream signaling of miRNAs and c-Myc, in glioblastoma progression. The inhibition of the NTSR1 function or the upregulation of miR-29b-1 and miR-129-3p expression impaired glioma cell proliferation. These results suggested that the NTS/NTSR1/c-Myc/miRNA axis may be a potential therapeutic target for glioblastoma therapy.
Project description:Radiation therapy is an effective method in the management of esophageal cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the roles of specific miRNAs in radioresistant esophageal cancer remain to be investigated. In present study, the relative expression level of miR-20b-5p and miR-125a-5p were evaluated by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cell counting Kit-8 assay, wound-healing assay, transwell assay were used to assess cell proliferation, cell migration and cell invasion. TUNEL and Annexin V-FITC assays were applied to evaluate cell apoptosis. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to identify direct targets of miRNAs. The protein expression level was assessed by Western blot. The results indicated that miR-20b-5p was increased in radioresistant KYSE-150R cells compared with KYSE-150 cells, whereas miR-125a-5p was downregulated. MiR-20b-5p upregulation promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and the EMT process, and decreased apoptosis by negatively regulating PTEN. MiR-125a-5p inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, the EMT process and it induced apoptosis by negatively regulating IL6R. These data indicate that miR-20b-5p and miR-125a-5p promote tumorigenesis in radioresistant KYSE-150R cells and have the potential to be used as novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of esophageal cancer.
Project description:Abstract Cholesteatoma is a benign cystic lesion that can continue to grow like a tumor. Circular ribonucleic acid (RNA) hsa_circ_0074491 (circ_0074491) has been reported to be down-regulated in cholesteatoma tissues. However, the role and regulatory mechanism of circ_0074491 in the growth of cholesteatoma are unclear. The expression of circ_0074491, microRNA (miR)-22-3p, and miR-125a-5p in cholesteatoma tissues was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of cholesteatoma keratinocytes were evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, plate clone, flow cytometry, or transwell assays. Several protein levels were examined by western blotting. The targeting relationship between miR-22-3p or miR-125a-5p and circ_0074491 was verified via dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays. We observed the downregulation of circ_0074491 in cholesteatoma tissues. Furthermore, circ_0074491 knockdown facilitated cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and repressed cell apoptosis in cholesteatoma keratinocytes. Circ_0074491 was verified as a decoy for miR-22-3p and miR-125a-5p in cholesteatoma keratinocytes. Both miR-22-3p and miR-125a-5p silencing reversed the impacts of circ_0074491 silencing on proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of cholesteatoma keratinocytes. Also, circ_0074491 knockdown activated the PI3K/Akt pathway in cholesteatoma keratinocytes via miR-22-3p and miR-125a-5p. Circ_0074491 played a suppressive role in cholesteatoma through inactivating the PI3K/Akt pathway via binding to miR-22-3p and miR-125a-5p, which provided a novel evidence for the involvement of circRNA in the development of cholesteatoma.
Project description:MiR-29b has been reported to be both a suppressor and a promoter in breast cancer (BC) cells proliferation and metastasis. Significant efforts have been made to explain the seemingly contradictory effects of miR-29b on BC, but no answer has yet been clearly verified. In this study, we overexpressed and knocked down miR-29b in BC cell lines, modulated expression of its downstream target gene TET1 and downregulated a downstream target gene of TET1, ZEB2, to explore the regulatory mechanism of miR-29b in BC cell proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Our results showed lower expression of miR-29b in BC samples and cell lines. Functional assays showed that miR-29b overexpression resulted in a higher cell proliferation, greater colony formation, higher migration rate and EMT. A dual luciferase assay identified TET1 as a direct target of miR-29b. As the promoting effects of miR-29b in the proliferation and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7, knockdown of TET1 also led to increased proliferation, colony formation, invasion and EMT. Further, we found that TET1 bound to the promoter of ZEB2, and siTET1 enhanced ZEB2 expression. Disruption of ZEB2 expression inhibited BC cells proliferation, colony formation and invasion. Our results establish the miR-29b/TET1/ZEB2 pathway in BC cell proliferation, migration and provide a theoretical basis for further research on the molecular mechanisms and new clinical treatments for BC.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>MiR-125a-5p has been reported to be involved in the development and progression of various cancers. However, the biological function and underlying mechanisms in colorectal cancer(CRC) still remain unclear. Here, we explored the potential biological roles of miR-125a-5p in CRC.<h4>Methods</h4>The expression of miR-125a-5p was detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), biological functions of miR-125a-5p were assessed by cell counting kit-8, wound-healing, transwell invasion, and human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) tube formation assays in vitro and animal experiments in vivo.<h4>Results</h4>We found that miR-125a-5p was downregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, it inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and reduced the ability of HUVECs to form tubes. Moreover, we verifed that miR-125a-5p suppressed CRC growth and metastasis in vivo. Additionally, we showed that VEGFA, a direct target gene of miR-125a-5p, could reverse the inhibitory effect caused by miR-125a-5p overexpression.<h4>Conclusion</h4>miR-125a-5p might serve as a tumor suppressor in CRC and could be regarded as a potential therapeutic candidate for CRC.
Project description:The fucosyltransferase (FUT) family produces glycans, a fundamental event in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). miR-125a-3p is a non-coding RNA that can reduce cell proliferation and migration in cancer. In this study, we explored the levels of miR-125a-3p and FUT expression in human CRC tissues and two human CRC cell lines by qPCR. The results showed that miR-125a-3p, FUT5 and FUT6 are differentially expressed in normal and tumour tissues. On the basis of our previous research, FUT can be regulated by miRNA, which influences the proliferation and invasion of breast and hepatocellular cancer cells. We hypothesised that FUT5 and FUT6 may be regulated by miR-125a-3p. Luciferase reporter analyses were applied to identify potential target genes of miR-125a-3p. A functional study showed that miR-125a-3p overexpression can inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis of CRC cells via down-regulating FUT5 and FUT6. In addition, regulating miR-125a-3p, FUT5 or FUT6 expression markedly modulated the activity of the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway, and this effect of FUT5 or FUT6 could be reversed by transfection with miR-125a-3p-mimics. Taken together, our data suggest that both FUT5 and FUT6 can promote the development of CRC via the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway, which is regulated by miR-125a-3p. miR-125a-3p may serve as a predictive biomarker and a potential therapeutic target in CRC treatment.
Project description:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is highly resistant to chemotherapy, including gemcitabine (Gem) treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, short RNAs that can regulate multiple genes expression. Some miRNAs play important roles in the chemosensitivity of tumors. Here, we examined the relationship between miRNA expression and the sensitivity of CCA cells to Gem. METHODS: Microarray analysis was used to determine the miRNA expression profiles of two CCA cell lines, HuH28 and HuCCT1. To determine the effect of candidate miRNAs on Gem sensitivity, expression of each candidate miRNA was modified via either transfection of a miRNA mimic or transfection of an anti-oligonucleotide. Ontology-based programs were used to identify potential target genes of candidate miRNAs that were confirmed to affect the Gem sensitivity of CCA cells. RESULTS: HuCCT1 cells were more sensitive to Gem than were HuH28 cells, and 18 miRNAs were differentially expressed whose ratios over ± 2log2 between HuH28 and HuCCT1. Among these 18 miRNAs, ectopic overexpression of each of three downregulated miRNAs in HuH28 (miR-29b, miR-205, miR-221) restored Gem sensitivity to HuH28. Suppression of one upregulated miRNA in HuH28, miR-125a-5p, inhibited HuH28 cell proliferation independently to Gem treatment. Selective siRNA-mediated downregulation of either of two software-predicted targets, PIK3R1 (target of miR-29b and miR-221) or MMP-2 (target of miR-29b), also conferred Gem sensitivity to HuH28. CONCLUSIONS: miRNA expression profiling was used to identify key miRNAs that regulate Gem sensitivity in CCA cells, and software that predicts miRNA targets was used to identify promising target genes for anti-tumor therapies.
Project description:Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common and aggressive primary brain tumors in adults. Deregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been associated with GBM progression through alterations in either oncogenic or tumor suppressor targets. Here, we elucidated the function and the possible molecular mechanisms of miR-449a in human GBM cell lines and tumor specimens-derived glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). Quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated that miR-449a was down-regulated in human GBM cell lines and GSCs. Functionally, miR-449a acted as a tumor suppressor by reducing cell proliferation, migration and invasion as well as inducing apoptosis in human GBM cell lines and GSCs. Myc-associated zinc-finger protein (MAZ) was identified as a direct target of miR-449a, mediating these tumor-suppressive effects, demonstrated by Western blot assay and luciferase assays. Moreover, over-expression of miR-449a inhibited the expression of Podoplanin (PDPN) by down-regulating MAZ which could positively control the promoter activities via binding to the promoter of PDPN, demonstrated by luciferase assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Further, the PI3K/AKT pathway was blocked when MAZ was down-regulated by miR-449a. This process was coincided with the up-regulation of apoptotic proteins and the down-regulation of anti-apoptotic proteins, MMP2 and MMP9. Furthermore, nude mice carrying over-expressed miR-449a combined with knockdown MAZ tumors produced the smallest tumors and the highest survival. These results elucidated a novel molecular mechanism of GBM progression, and may thus suggest a promising application for GBM treatment.
Project description:MiR-125a has been characterized as a tumor suppressor in several cancers. However, the role of miR-125a in cervical cancer is unknown. In this study, we found the expression of miR-125a was downregulated in cervical cancer patients, and negatively correlated with the tumor size, FIGO stage, and preoperative metastasis. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that miR-125a expression predicted favorable outcome for cervical cancer patients. Dual luciferase assays identified the STAT3 gene as a novel direct target of miR-125a. Functional studies showed that miR-125a overexpression significantly suppressed the growth, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cervical cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo via decreasing STAT3 expression. Moreover, miR-125a conferred to G2/M cell cycle arrest, accompanied by inhibition of several G2/M checkpoint proteins. Mechanistically, inactivation of miR-125a during cervical carcinogenesis was caused by HPV suppression of p53 expression. Clinically, STAT3, the expression of which, predicted poorer outcome, was inversely correlated with miR-125a in cervical cancer. These data highlight the importance of miR-125a in the cell proliferation and progression of cervical cancer, and indicate that miR-125a may be a useful therapeutic target for cervical cancer.
Project description:Recently, the role of miR-29b in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) development appears to be controversial. Until now, the expression and function of miR-29b in CRC have not been clarified clearly. We showed that decreased expression of miR-29b usually occurred in CRC cell lines and tissue samples. Loss- and gain-of-function assays in vitro revealed suppressive effects of miR-29b on cell proliferation and migration. Endogenous overexpression of miR-29b was sufficient to suppress aggressive behavioral phenotypes in mice. Proteomic analysis showed that miR-29b involved in integrate several key biological processes. In addition, miR-29b mediated the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase/AKT signal transduction pathway. Further studies found that T lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) was identified as a direct target of miR-29b. In contrast to the phenotypes induced by miR-29b restoration, Tiam1-induced cell proliferation and migration partly rescued miR-29b-mediated biological behaviors. Our results illustrated that miR-29b as a suppressor has a critical role in CRC progression, which suggests its potential role in the molecular therapy of patients with advanced CRC.