Dataset Information


Translocation of cell-penetrating peptides into Candida fungal pathogens.

ABSTRACT: Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are small peptides capable of crossing cellular membranes while carrying molecular cargo. Although they have been widely studied for their ability to translocate nucleic acids, small molecules, and proteins into mammalian cells, studies of their interaction with fungal cells are limited. In this work, we evaluated the translocation of eleven fluorescently labeled peptides into the important human fungal pathogens Candida albicans and C. glabrata and explored the mechanisms of translocation. Seven of these peptides (cecropin B, penetratin, pVEC, MAP, SynB, (KFF)3 K, and MPG) exhibited substantial translocation (>80% of cells) into both species in a concentration-dependent manner, and an additional peptide (TP-10) exhibiting strong translocation into only C. glabrata. Vacuoles were involved in translocation and intracellular trafficking of the peptides in the fungal cells and, for some peptides, escape from the vacuoles and localization in the cytosol were correlated to toxicity toward the fungal cells. Endocytosis was involved in the translocation of cecropin B, MAP, SynB, MPG, (KFF)3 K, and TP-10, and cecropin B, penetratin, pVEC, and MAP caused membrane permeabilization during translocation. These results indicate the involvement of multiple translocation mechanisms for some CPPs. Although high levels of translocation were typically associated with toxicity of the peptides toward the fungal cells, SynB was translocated efficiently into Candida cells at concentrations that led to minimal toxicity. Our work highlights the potential of CPPs in delivering antifungal molecules and other bioactive cargo to Candida pathogens.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5563134 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC4605843 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8775591 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5107916 | BioStudies
2007-01-01 | S-EPMC2049024 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2723743 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6028423 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC2919130 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC1934994 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC2711361 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6902036 | BioStudies