Dataset Information


Comparative genomic analyses of transport proteins encoded within the red algae Chondrus crispus, Galdieria sulphuraria, and Cyanidioschyzon merolae11.

ABSTRACT: Galdieria sulphuraria and Cyanidioschyzon merolae are thermo-acidophilic unicellular red algal cousins capable of living in volcanic environments, although the former can additionally thrive in the presence of toxic heavy metals. Bioinformatic analyses of transport systems were carried out on their genomes, as well as that of the mesophilic multicellular red alga Chondrus crispus (Irish moss). We identified transport proteins related to the metabolic capabilities, physiological properties, and environmental adaptations of these organisms. Of note is the vast array of transporters encoded in G. sulphuraria capable of importing a variety of carbon sources, particularly sugars and amino acids, while C. merolae and C. crispus have relatively few such proteins. Chondrus crispus may prefer short chain acids to sugars and amino acids. In addition, the number of encoded proteins pertaining to heavy metal ion transport is highest in G. sulphuraria and lowest in C. crispus. All three organisms preferentially utilize secondary carriers over primary active transporters, suggesting that their primary source of energy derives from electron flow rather than substrate-level phosphorylation. Surprisingly, the percentage of inorganic ion transporters encoded in C. merolae more closely resembles that of C. crispus than G. sulphuraria, but only C. crispus appears to signal via voltage-gated cation channels and possess a Na+ /K+ -ATPase and a Na+ exporting pyrophosphatase. The results presented in this report further our understanding of the metabolic potential and toxic compound resistances of these three organisms.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5591647 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2007-01-01 | S-EPMC1948957 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6589524 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC307997 | BioStudies
1989-01-01 | S-EPMC1133529 | BioStudies
2006-01-01 | S-EPMC1626084 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7359372 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4815628 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC6997860 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC1088945 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7552200 | BioStudies