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Creation and characterization of temperature-sensitive CENP-C mutants in vertebrate cells.


ABSTRACT: CENP-C is an evolutionarily conserved centromere protein that is thought to be an important component in kinetochore assembly in vertebrate cells. However, the functional role of CENP-C in cell cycle progression remains unclear. To further understand CENP-C function, we developed a method incorporating the hyper-recombinogenic chicken B lymphocyte cell line DT40 to create several temperature-sensitive CENP-C mutants in DT40 cells. We found that, under restrictive conditions, one temperature-sensitive mutant, ts4-11, displayed metaphase delay and chromosome missegregation but proceeded through the cell cycle until arrest at G(1) phase. Furthermore, ts4-11 cells were transfected with a human HeLa cell cDNA library maintained in a retroviral vector, and genes that suppressed the temperature-sensitive phenotype were identified. One of these suppressor genes encodes SUMO-1, which is a ubiquitin-like protein. This finding suggests that SUMO-1 may be involved in centromere function in vertebrate cells. The novel strategy reported here will be useful and applicable to a wide range of proteins that have general cell-autonomous function in vertebrate cells.

SUBMITTER: Fukagawa T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC55920 | BioStudies | 2001-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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