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Investigation of a spontaneous mutant reveals novel features of iron uptake in Shewanella oneidensis.


ABSTRACT: Shewanella oneidensis is among the first and the best studied bacteria capable of respiring minerals as terminal electron acceptors (EAs), including a variety of iron ores. This respiration process relies on a large number of c-type cytochromes, which per se are iron-containing proteins. Thus, iron plays an essential and special role in iron respiration of S. oneidensis, prompting extensive investigations into iron physiology. Despite this, we still know surprisingly little about the components and characteristics of iron transport in this bacterium. Here, we report that TonB-dependent receptor PutA (SO_3033) is specific to the siderophore-mediated iron uptake. Although homologs of PutA are abundant, none of them can function as a replacement. In the absence of PutA, S. oneidensis suffers from an iron shortage, which leads to a severe defect in production of cytochrome c. However, proteins requiring other types of cytochromes, such as b and d, do not appear to be significantly impacted. Intriguingly, lactate, but not other carbon sources that are routinely used to support growth, is able to promote iron uptake when PutA is missing. We further show that the lactate-mediated iron import is independent of lactate permeases. Overall, our results suggest that in S. oneidensis the siderophore-dependent pathway plays a key role in iron uptake when iron is limited, but many alternative routes exist.

SUBMITTER: Dong Z 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5603553 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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