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Investigation of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase tagging polymorphisms with colorectal cancer in Chinese Han population.


ABSTRACT: The aim of this case-control study was to assess the relationship between the tagging polymorphisms in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Chinese Han population. A custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan Kit was used to determine the genotypes of MTHFR rs3753584 T>C, rs9651118 T>C, rs1801133 G>A, rs4846048 A>G and rs4845882 G>A polymorphisms in 387 CRC patients and 1,536 non-cancer controls. The results revealed that MTHFR rs1801133 G>A polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of overall CRC. While MTHFR rs4845882 G>A polymorphism conferred an increased risk to overall CRC. In a stratified analysis by CRC region, we found MTHFR rs3753584 T>C and rs9651118 T>C polymorphisms were associated with the increased risk of colon cancer. In addition, a significantly increased risk of rectum cancer associated with MTHFR rs3753584 T>C polymorphism was overt. However, MTHFR rs1801133 G>A polymorphism conferred a decreased risk to colon cancer. In conclusion, findings of the present study reveal that the tagging polymorphisms in MTHFR gene (rs3753584 T>C, rs9651118 T>C and rs4845882 G>A) are associated with the increased risk of CRC. However, MTHFR rs1801133 G>A polymorphism confers a decreased risk to CRC. Additional studies with larger sample size are needed to confirm these findings.

SUBMITTER: Zhang S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5609940 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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