ImmunoPET Imaging of CD146 in Murine Models of Intrapulmonary Metastasis of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
ABSTRACT: CD146 has been identified as an excellent biomarker for lung cancer as its overexpression in solid tumors has been linked to disease progression, invasion, and metastasis. Previously, our group described a positive correlation between 64Cu-labeled YY146 uptake and increased expression of CD146 in six human lung cancer cell lines using subcutaneous tumor models. In this study, we investigate a monoclonal antibody called YY146 for immunoPET imaging of CD146 in two intrapulmonary metastasis models of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The binding and immunoreactivity of the tracer were assessed by in vitro assays. Radiolabeling of YY146 with positron emitting Cu-64 (64Cu-NOTA-YY146) enabled PET imaging of intrapulmonary metastasis. Mice were intravenously injected with two million tumor cells, and CT imaging was used to verify the presence of lung metastases. 64Cu-NOTA-YY146 was injected into tumor-bearing mice, and animals were subjected to PET/CT imaging at 4, 24, and 48 h postinjection. Both the average and maximum lung PET signal intensities were quantified and compared between high and low CD146-expressing metastases. Further validation was accomplished through immunofluorescence imaging of resected tissues with CD31 and CD146. In flow cytometry, YY146 revealed strong binding to CD146 in H460 cells due to its high expression with minimal binding to CD146-low expressing H358 cells. Both YY146 and NOTA-YY146 showed similar binding, suggesting that NOTA conjugation did not elicit any negative effects on its binding affinity. Imaging of 64Cu-NOTA-YY146 in H460 tumor-bearing mice revealed rapid, persistent, and highly specific tracer accumulation. Uptake of 64Cu-NOTA-YY146 in the whole lung was calculated for H460 and H358 as 7.43 ± 0.38 and 3.95 ± 0.47% ID/g at 48 h postinjection (n = 4, p < 0.05), and the maximum lung signals were determined to be 13.85 ± 1.07 (H460) and 6.08 ± 0.73% ID/g (H358) at equivalent time points (n = 4, p < 0.05). To ensure the specificity of the tracer, a nonspecific antibody was injected into H460 tumor-bearing mice. Ex vivo biodistribution and immunofluorescence imaging validated the PET findings. In summary, 64Cu-NOTA-YY146 allowed for successful imaging of CD146-expressing intrapulmonary metastases of NSCLC in mice. This preliminary study provides evidence supporting the future clinical utilization of 64Cu-NOTA-YY146 for possible treatment monitoring of CD146-targeted therapy or improving patient stratification.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC5624854 | BioStudies |