Dataset Information


Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Are Protective in Acute but Not in Chronic Models of Ototoxicity.

ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported that modification of histones alters aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death and hearing loss. In this study, we investigated three FDA-approved histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (vorinostat/SAHA, belinostat, and panobinostat) as protectants against aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity in murine cochlear explants and in vivo in both guinea pigs and CBA/J mice. Individually, all three HDAC inhibitors reduced gentamicin (GM)-induced hair cell loss in a dose-dependent fashion in explants. In vivo, however, treatment with SAHA attenuated neither GM-induced hearing loss and hair cell loss in guinea pigs nor kanamycin (KM)-induced hearing loss and hair cell loss in mice under chronic models of ototoxicity. These findings suggest that treatment with the HDAC inhibitor SAHA attenuates aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity in an acute model, but not in chronic models, cautioning that one cannot rely solely on in vitro experiments to test the efficacy of otoprotectant compounds.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5660723 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC3390888 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6929624 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4546415 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3809804 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8021103 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5651234 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4319422 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3084257 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8669239 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6715625 | BioStudies