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Passage-dependent accumulation of somatic mutations in mesenchymal stromal cells during in vitro culture revealed by whole genome sequencing.


ABSTRACT: Human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have served as a major cellular resource for cell-based immunomodulatory and regenerative therapies. However, genomic instability may accumulate during ex vivo expansion of MSCs, thereby increasing the potential of malignant transformation. Here, we performed whole genome sequencing of two peripheral blood-derived MSC lines (MSC1 and MSC2) at various passages (passage 1 [P1] to P9). The majority of single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) occurred in later passages; specifically, 90% and 70% of all SNVs in MSC1 and MSC2 were observed in P9 and P7/P9, respectively. These late-occurring SNVs were enriched with C?>?A transversions and were overrepresented in intronic regions compared to intergenic regions, suggesting that the mutational forces are not constant across the passages. Clonality analyses also distinguished early-occurring, subclonal SNVs from late-occurring, clonally fixed SNVs. In addition, MSCs were largely devoid of copy number alterations (CNAs) (i.e., 0-2 CNAs per passage), with one exception (MSC2-P3) harboring 29 passage-specific CNAs. Our findings suggest that the SNVs found to be abundant at later passages likely resulted from the accumulation of replication stress, which can be associated with proliferation activity. Thus, the genomic instability associated with proliferation records should be considered for clinical applications of MSCs.

SUBMITTER: Kim M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5674020 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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