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Dosimetric comparison of CT-guided iodine-125 seed stereotactic brachytherapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy in the treatment of NSCLC.


ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the dosimetric differences between iodine-125 seed stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). An SBT plan and an SBRT plan were generated for eleven patients with T1-2 NSCLC. Prescription of the dose and fractionation (fr) for SBRT was 48Gy/4fr. The planning aim for SBT was D90 (dose delivered to 90% of the target volume)?120Gy. Student's paired t test was used to compare the dosimetric parameters. The SBT and SBRT plans had comparable PTV D90 (104.73±2.10Gyvs.107.64±2.29Gy), and similar mean volume receiving 100% of the prescription dose (V100%) (91.65% vs.92.44%, p = 0.410). The mean volume receiving 150% of the prescribed dose (V150%) for SBT was 64.71%, whereas it was 0% for SBRT. Mean heterogeneity index (HI) deviation for SBT vs. SBRT was 0.73 vs. 0.19 (p<0.0001), and the mean conformity index (CI) for SBT vs. SBRT was 0.77 vs. 0.81 (p = 0.031). The mean lung doses (MLD) in SBT were significantly lower than those in SBRT (1.952±0.713 vs. 5.618±2.009, p<0.0001). In conclusion, compared with SBRT, SBT can generate a comparable dose within PTV, while the organs at risk (OARs) only receive a very low dose. But the HI and CI in SBT were lower than in SBRT.

SUBMITTER: Li R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5679513 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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