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Lysine trimethylation regulates 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein proteostasis during endoplasmic reticulum stress.

ABSTRACT: The up-regulation of chaperones such as the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78, also referred to as BiP or HSPA5) is part of the adaptive cellular response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. GRP78 is widely used as a marker of the unfolded protein response, associated with sustained ER stress. Here we report the discovery of a proteostatic mechanism involving GRP78 trimethylation in the context of ER stress. Using mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we identified two GRP78 fractions, one homeostatic and one induced by ER stress. ER stress leads to de novo biosynthesis of non-trimethylated GRP78, whereas homeostatic, METTL21A-dependent lysine 585-trimethylated GRP78 is reduced. This proteostatic mechanism, dependent on the posttranslational modification of GRP78, allows cells to differentially regulate specific protein abundance during cellular stress.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5704472 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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