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CRISPR/Cas9-assisted gRNA-free one-step genome editing with no sequence limitations and improved targeting efficiency.


ABSTRACT: The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful, revolutionary tool for genome editing. However, it is not without limitations. There are PAM-free and CRISPR-tolerant regions that cannot be modified by the standard CRISPR/Cas9 system, and off-target activity impedes its broader applications. To avoid these drawbacks, we developed a very simple CRISPR/Cas9-assisted gRNA-free one-step (CAGO) genome editing technique which does not require the construction of a plasmid to express a specific gRNA. Instead, a universal N20 sequence with a very high targeting efficiency is inserted into the E. coli chromosome by homologous recombination, which in turn undergoes a double-stranded break by CRISPR/Cas9 and induces an intra-chromosomal recombination event to accomplish the editing process. This technique was shown to be able to edit PAM-free and CRISPR-tolerant regions with no off-target effects in Escherichia coli. When applied to multi-locus editing, CAGO was able to modify one locus in two days with a near 100% editing efficiency. Furthermore, modified CAGO was used to edit large regions of up to 100 kbp with at least 75% efficiency. Finally, genome editing by CAGO only requires a transformation procedure and the construction of a linear donor DNA cassette, which was further simplified by applying a modular design strategy. Although the technique was established in E. coli, it should be applicable to other organisms with only minor modifications.

SUBMITTER: Zhao D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5709385 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): U00096

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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