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DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis by promoting TRAF2-mediated polyubiquitination of caspase-8 in gastric cancer cells.


ABSTRACT: Ubiquitination of caspase-8 regulates TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) sensitivity in cancer cells, and the preligand assembly complex plays a role in caspase-8 polyubiquitination. However, whether such a complex exists in gastric cancer cells and its role in TRAIL-triggered apoptosis is unclear. In this study, DR5, casitas B-lineage lymphoma-b (Cbl-b)/c-Cbl, and TRAF2 formed a complex in TRAIL-resistant gastric cancer cells, and Cbl-b and c-Cbl were the critical adaptors linking DR5 and TRAF2. Treatment with TRAIL induced caspase-8 translocation into the DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex to interact with TRAF2, which then mediated the K48-linked polyubiquitination of caspase-8. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib markedly enriched the p43/41 products of caspase-8 activated by TRAIL, indicating proteasomal degradation of caspase-8. Moreover, TRAF2 knockdown prevented the polyubiquitination of caspase-8 and thus increased TRAIL sensitivity. In addition, the inhibition of Cbl-b or c-Cbl expression and overexpression of miR-141 targeting Cbl-b and c-Cbl partially reversed TRAIL resistance by inhibiting the interaction between TRAF2 and caspase-8 and the subsequent polyubiquitination of caspase-8. These results indicate that the DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex inhibited TRAIL-induced apoptosis by promoting TRAF2-mediated polyubiquitination of caspase-8 in gastric cancer cells.

SUBMITTER: Xu L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5709619 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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