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Histone methyltransferase MMSET promotes AID-mediated DNA breaks at the donor switch region during class switch recombination.


ABSTRACT: In B cells, Ig class switch recombination (CSR) is initiated by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), the activity of which leads to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) within IgH switch (S) regions. Preferential targeting of AID-mediated DSBs to S sequences is critical for allowing diversification of antibody functions, while minimizing potential off-target oncogenic events. Here, we used gene targeted inactivation of histone methyltransferase (HMT) multiple myeloma SET domain (MMSET) in mouse B cells and the CH12F3 cell line to explore its role in CSR. We find that deletion of MMSET-II, the isoform containing the catalytic SET domain, inhibits CSR without affecting either IgH germline transcription or joining of DSBs within S regions by classical nonhomologous end joining (C-NHEJ). Instead, we find that MMSET-II inactivation leads to decreased AID recruitment and DSBs at the upstream donor S? region. Our findings suggest a role for the HMT MMSET in promoting AID-mediated DNA breaks during CSR.

SUBMITTER: Nguyen HV 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5724247 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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