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In vitro reconstitution of chaperone-mediated human RISC assembly.


ABSTRACT: To silence target mRNAs, small RNAs and Argonaute (Ago) proteins need to be assembled into RNA-induced silencing complexes (RISCs). Although the assembly of Drosophila melanogaster RISC was recently reconstituted by Ago2, the Dicer-2/R2D2 heterodimer, and five chaperone proteins, the absence of a reconstitution system for mammalian RISC assembly has posed analytical challenges. Here we describe reconstitution of human RISC assembly using Ago2 and five recombinant chaperone proteins: Hsp90?, Hsc70, Hop, Dnaja2, and p23. Our data show that ATP hydrolysis by both Hsp90? and Hsc70 is required for RISC assembly of small RNA duplexes but not for that of single-stranded RNAs. The reconstitution system lays the groundwork for further studies of small RNA-mediated gene silencing in mammals.

SUBMITTER: Naruse K 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5733571 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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