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Tumor Uptake of 64Cu-DOTA-Trastuzumab in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer.


ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to characterize the relationship between tumor uptake of 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab as measured by PET/CT and standard, immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based, histopathologic classification of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status in women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Methods: Women with biopsy-confirmed MBC and not given trastuzumab for 2 mo or more underwent complete staging, including 18F-FDG PET/CT. Patients were classified as HER2-positive (HER2+) or -negative (HER2-) based on fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-supplemented immunohistochemistry of biopsied tumor tissue. Eighteen patients underwent 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab injection, preceded in 16 cases by trastuzumab infusion (45 mg). PET/CT was performed 21-25 (day 1) and 47-49 (day 2) h after 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab injection. Radiolabel uptake in prominent lesions was measured as SUVmax Average intrapatient SUVmax (max>pt) was compared between HER2+ and HER2- patients. Results: Eleven women were HER2+ (8 immunohistochemistry 3+; 3 immunohistochemistry 2+/FISH amplified), whereas 7 were HER2- (3 immunohistochemistry 2+/FISH nonamplified; 4 immunohistochemistry 1+). Median max>pt for day 1 and day 2 was 6.6 and 6.8 g/mL for HER 2+ and 3.7 and 4.3 g/mL for HER2- patients (P < 0.005 either day). The distributions of max>pt overlapped between the 2 groups, and interpatient variability was greater for HER2+ than HER2- disease (P < 0.005 and 0.001, respectively, on days 1 and 2). Conclusion: By 1 d after injection, uptake of 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab in MBC is strongly associated with patient HER2 status and is indicative of binding to HER2. The variability within and among HER2+ patients, as well as the overlap between the HER2+ and HER2- groups, suggests a role for 64Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab PET/CT in optimizing treatments that include trastuzumab.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5750523 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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