MiR-98 inhibits malignant progression via targeting MTDH in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs function through regulating specific target mRNA expression and then participate in the development and progression of diverse human cancers. MiR-98 shows aberrant expression and dysfunction in tumors. However, its clinical significance and exact role in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remain elusive.MiR-98 expression was examined by qRT-PCR and correlated with clinicopathological variables and prognosis in SCCHN patients. Effects of miR-98 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the malignant phenotypes of SCCHN were studied. Finally, the role of target gene metadherin (MTDH) in miR-98 mediated effects were assayed.Our results demonstrated that miR-98, as an endogenous inhibitor of MTDH via directly binding to its 3'-untranslated region (UTR) region, decreased significantly in SCCHN tissues. Decreased miR-98 expression was negatively correlated with T classification, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and a shorter survival status in SCCHN patients. Loss-of-function and gain-of-function analyses confirmed that miR-98 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion of SCCHN cells in vitro. Moreover, miR-98 repression led to increased MTDH expression and induced EMT alteration. Importantly, ectopic expression of MTDH partially reversed the effects caused by miR-98 overexpression.Our study identifies that miR-98 serves as a suppressor in SCCHN progression via targeting oncogene MTDH.
Project description:Metastasis is one of the primary causes for high mortality in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Our previous study showed that chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18), derived from tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs), regulates SCCHN metastasis by promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and preserving stemness. However, the underlying mechanism needs to be further investigation. Interestingly, metadherin (MTDH) expression was induced when SCCHN cells were stimulated with recombinant CCL18 protein in this study. Suppressing MTDH expression reversed CCL18-induced migration, invasion and EMT in SCCHN cells. Furthermore, the NF-κB signalling pathway was involved in the MTDH knock-down cells with CCL18 stimulation. We performed ELISA to evaluate the CCL18 levels in the serums of 132 treatment-naive SCCHN patients, 25 patients with precancerous lesion and 32 healthy donors. Our results demonstrated that serum CCL18 levels were significantly higher in SCCHN patients than patients with precancerous lesion and healthy individuals. CCL18 levels were found to be significantly correlated with tumour classification, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and histological grade in SCCHN patients. Thus, our findings suggest that CCL18 may serve as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of SCCHN and promote SCCHN invasion, migration and EMT by MTDH-NF-κB signalling pathway.
Project description:Cell invasion is crucial for high mortality and recurrence rate in glioma. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important step in cancer invasion. Metadherin (MTDH) contributes to EMT in several cancers, but the role and mechanism of MTDH in EMT-like process of glioma remain unknown. Here we demonstrate that MTDH was overexpressed in glioma tissues and cells and induced EMT-like change and invasion of glioma cells. Interestingly, MTDH could modulate the expression of a group of glioma-related miRNAs. In particular, MTDH upregulated miR-130b transcription via acting as a coactivator of NF-kB. MiR-130b promoted EMT-like change and invasion of glioma cells through targeting multiple EMT-related genes, including PTEN, PPP2CA and SMAD7. In addition, PTEN acted as the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to affect PPP2CA and SMAD7 expression, and inhibited EMT-like change in glioma cells. Furthermore, miR-130b mediated EMT-like change induced by MTDH, and MTDH inhibited the expression levels of PTEN, PPP2CA and SMAD7. Taken together, we reveal a novel mechanism that MTDH induces EMT-like change and invasion of glioma via the regulation of miR-130b-ceRNAs, providing the first direct link between MTDH and miRNAs in cancer cells.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Metastasis is the principal cause of renal cell carcinoma-associated mortality. Metadherin (MTDH) was identified as a vital metastasis driver involved in the metastatic progression of various types of tumors, suggesting that MTDH is a prognostic metastatic biomarker and potential therapeutic target. The role and mechanism of MTDH in the metastatic progression of ccRCC have not yet been adequately explored. RESULTS:MTDH was remarkably elevated in ccRCC tissues, especially in metastatic ccRCC tissues, compared with normal kidney tissues and correlated with advanced clinicopathological features and poor prognosis. MTDH activated ERK signaling and EMT, thus promoting the migration and invasion of ccRCC cells. The interaction between MTDH and SND1 at the protein level was confirmed using immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence. Based on the analysis of datasets from GEO and TCGA, SND1 was remarkably increased in ccRCC, especially in metastatic ccRCC, and associated with advanced clinicopathological features and poor prognosis. Knockdown of SND1 mainly abolished the migration and invasion of ccRCC cells by blocking MTDH-mediated ERK and EMT signaling activation. CONCLUSION:These results revealed that MTDH may be a prognostic metastatic biomarker of ccRCC that promotes ccRCC metastasis by activating SND1-mediated the ERK and EMT signaling pathways. MTDH may serve as an anti-tumor therapeutic target that can be applied for the clinical treatment of metastatic ccRCC. METHODS:MTDH/SND1 mRNA expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) was comprehensively estimated by analysis of GEO-ccRCC and TCGA-KIRC datasets with R software and packages. MTDH protein expression was assessed in a total of 111 ccRCC patients from Peking University First Hospital by immunohistochemistry (IHC). In vitro migration and invasion assays were carried out, and an in vivo metastatic mouse model was developed to investigate the biological functions of MTDH in ccRCC cells. Correlation analysis, immunoprecipitation, western blotting and immunofluorescence were applied to explore the molecular mechanisms of MTDH in ccRCC.
Project description:Patients with lung adenocarcinoma may benefit from recently developed molecular targeted therapies. However, analogous advanced treatments are not available for patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma (lung SCC). The survival rate of patients with the advanced stage of lung SCC remains poor. Exploration of novel lung SCC oncogenic pathways might lead to new treatment protocols for the disease. Based on this concept, we have identified microRNA- (miRNA) mediated oncogenic pathways in lung SCC. It is well known that miR-145-5p (the guide strand) functions as a tumor suppressor in several types of cancer. However, the impact of miR-145-3p (the passenger strand) on cancer cells is still ambiguous. Expression levels of miR-145-5p and miR-145-3p were markedly reduced in cancer tissues, and ectopic expression of these miRNAs inhibited cancer cell aggressiveness, suggesting that both miR-145-3p as well as miR-145-5p acted as antitumor miRNAs. We identified seven putative target genes (MTDH, EPN3, TPD52, CYP27B1, LMAN1, STAT1 and TXNDC12) that were coordinately regulated by miR-145-5p and miR-145-3p in lung SCC. Among the seven genes, we found that metadherin (MTDH) was a direct target of these miRNAs. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that high expression of MTDH predicted reduced survival of lung SCC patients. We investigated pathways downstream from MTDH by using genome-wide gene expression analysis. Our data showed that several anti-apoptosis and pro-proliferation genes were involved in pathways downstream from MTDH in lung SCC. Taken together, both strands of miR-145, miR-145-5p and miR-145-3p are functional and play pivotal roles as antitumor miRNAs in lung SCC.
Project description:Increased expression of metadherin (MTDH, also known as AEG-1 and 3D3/LYRIC) has been associated with drug resistance, metastasis, and angiogenesis in a variety of cancers. However, the specific mechanisms through which MTDH is involved in these processes remain unclear. To uncover these mechanisms, we generated Mtdh knock-out mice via a targeted disruption of exon 3. Homozygous Mtdh knock-out mice are viable, but males are infertile. The homozygous male mice present with massive loss of spermatozoa as a consequence of meiotic failure. Accumulation of ?-H2AX in spermatocytes of homozygous Mtdh knock-out mice confirms an increase in unrepaired DNA breaks. We also examined expression of the DNA repair protein Rad18, which is regulated by MTDH at the post-transcriptional level. In testes from Mtdh exon 3-deficient mice, Rad18 foci were increased in the lumina of the seminiferous tubules. The Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA)-interacting protein Mili was expressed at high levels in testes from Mtdh knock-out mice. Accordingly, genome-wide small RNA deep sequencing demonstrated altered expression of piRNAs in the testes of Mtdh knock-out mice as compared with wild type mice. In addition, we observed significantly reduced expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) including miR-16 and miR-19b, which are known to be significantly reduced in the semen of infertile men. In sum, our observations indicate a crucial role for MTDH in male fertility and the DNA repair mechanisms required for normal spermatogenesis.
Project description:Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) persistently provides a prognosis improvement but only in a small fraction of patients with cancer due to immunotherapy resistance induced by the consecutive activated oncogenic pathways, including MAPK, Akt, and WNT pathway partially driven by Metadherin (MTDH). However, there is no study to investigate the potential role and mechanisms of MTDH in ICB-treated cancers. Here, we systematically explored the cohorts from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and independent cancer cohorts. Elevated MTDH expression was founded to associate with a worse overall survival and poorer immune response in patients with cancer. Dysregulated tumor-infiltrating immune cells and inhibitory immune checkpoint expression were correlated with MTDH expression. Furthermore, the mutual interactions between epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition, m6A-RNA-methylation, and MTDH may illustrate the potential mechanisms of MTDH resistant to ICB treatment. Although more designed experiments and trials are needed in the future, targeting MTDH may help to overcome immunotherapy resistance in a wide range of cancers.
Project description:Metadherin (MTDH) is identified as an oncogene in multiple cancers including breast cancer, bladder cancer and endometrial cancer. However, the function of MTDH in multiple myeloma (MM) is still unexplored. In this study, we disclose that MTDH is an oncogene in MM. This is characterized by an elevation mRNA level of MTDH and chromosomal gain of MTDH locus in MM cells compared to normal samples. Moreover, MTDH expression significantly increased in MMSET translocation (MS) subgroup, one of the high-risk subgroups in MM, and was significantly correlated with MM patients' poor outcomes in Total Therapy 2 (TT2) cohort. Further knockdown of MTDH expression by shRNA in MM cells induced cell apoptosis, inhibited MM cells growth in vitro and decreased xenograft tumor formation in vivo. Interestingly, opposite to TT2, MM patients with high-MTDH expression showed favorable survival outcomes in the TT3 cohort, while Bortezomib treatment was the major difference between TT2 and TT3 cohort. Furthermore we proved that Bortezomib suppressed pre- and post-transcription levels of MTDH expression of MM cells in vitro and in vivo. Finally, our studies demonstrated that MTDH is a transcriptional gene of MMSET/NF?B /MYC signaling in MM cells, which is inhibited by Bortezomib treatment.
Project description:Metastasis is the principal cause of cancer death and occurs through multiple, complex processes that involve the concerted action of many genes. A number of studies have indicated that the Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) gene product, FHIT, functions as a tumor suppressor in a variety of common human cancers. Although there are suggestions of a role for FHIT loss in progression of various cancers, a role for such loss in metastasis has not been defined. Here, via in vivo and in vitro assays, we reveal that the enforced expression of FHIT significantly suppresses metastasis, accompanied by inhibition of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process involved in metastasis through coordinate modulation of EMT-related genes. Specifically, miR-30c, a FHIT-upregulated microRNA, contributes to FHIT function in suppression of EMT and metastasis by directly targeting metastasis genes Metadherin (MTDH), High-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2), and the mesenchymal markers, Vimentin (VIM) and Fibronectin (FN1), in human lung cancer. Finally, we demonstrate that the expression pattern of FHIT and miR-30c is inversely correlated with that of MTDH and HMGA2 in normal tissue, non-metastatic and metastatic tumors, serving as a potential biomarker for metastasis in lung cancer.
Project description:Metadherin (MTDH) and Staphylococcal nuclease domain containing 1 (SND1) are overexpressed and interact in diverse cancer types. The structural mechanism of their interaction remains unclear. Here, we determined the high-resolution crystal structure of MTDH-SND1 complex, which reveals an 11-residue MTDH peptide motif occupying an extended protein groove between two SN domains (SN1/2), with two MTDH tryptophan residues nestled into two well-defined pockets in SND1. At the opposite side of the MTDH-SND1 binding interface, SND1 possesses long protruding arms and deep surface valleys that are prone to binding with other partners. Despite the simple binding mode, interactions at both tryptophan-binding pockets are important for MTDH and SND1's roles in breast cancer and for SND1 stability under stress. Our study reveals a unique mode of interaction with SN domains that dictates cancer-promoting activity and provides a structural basis for mechanistic understanding of MTDH-SND1-mediated signaling and for exploring therapeutic targeting of this complex.
Project description:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in carcinogenesis. Here, we investigated the mechanisms and clinical significance of circ-NOL10, a highly repressed circRNA in breast cancer. Subsequently, we also identified RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that regulate circ-NOL10. Bioinformatics analysis was utilized to predict regulatory RBPs as well as circ-NOL10 downstream microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNA targets. RNA immunoprecipitation, luciferase assay, fluorescence in situ hybridization, cell proliferation, wound healing, Matrigel invasion, cell apoptosis assays, and a xenograft model were used to investigate the function and mechanisms of circ-NOL10 in vitro and in vivo. The clinical value of circ-NOL10 was evaluated in a large cohort of breast cancer by quantitative real-time PCR. Circ-NOL10 is downregulated in breast cancer and associated with aggressive characteristics and shorter survival time. Upregulation of circ-NOL10 promotes apoptosis, decreases proliferation, and inhibits invasion and migration. Furthermore, circ-NOL10 binds multiple miRNAs to alleviate carcinogenesis by regulating PDCD4. CASC3 and metadherin (MTDH) can bind directly to circ-NOL10 with characterized motifs. Accordingly, ectopic expression or depletion of CASC3 or MTDH leads to circ-NOL10 expression changes, suggesting that these two RBPs modulate circ-NOL10 in cancer cells. circ-NOL10 is a novel biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis in breast cancer. These results highlight the importance of therapeutic targeting of the RBP-noncoding RNA (ncRNA) regulation network. Graphical abstract A novel RBP-ncRNA signaling route, formed by two RBPs (MTDH and CASC3), one circRNA (circ-NOL10), three miRNAs (miR-149-5p, miR-330-3p, and miR-452-5p), and the effector PDCD4, is identified. This investigation reveals a ncRNA-mediated mechanism in breast cancer carcinogenesis and provides novel insights for therapeutic targeting of ncRNAs.