Reduced miR-105-1 levels are associated with poor survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT: Altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) contributes to lung carcinogenesis. The present study performed an in silico analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs in different peripheral blood samples from patients with various diseases vs. controls using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database data, and assessed miR-105-1 expression in 32 normal lung and 142 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue samples using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Survival data were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and a log-rank test. The stepwise forward Cox regression model was performed for univariate and multivariate analyses of independent predictor of overall survival (OS) of patients. The data on in silico and tissue microarray analyses of miRNA expression revealed reduced miR-105-1 expression in different types of human cancer, particularly in NSCLC. The level of miR-105-1 expression was confirmed to be downregulated in NSCLC tissues compared with that in normal lung tissues. Reduced miR-105-1 expression was associated with larger tumor size as well as poor OS and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients. Multivariate survival analysis demonstrated that reduced miR-105-1 expression and tumor size were independent predictors for OS of NSCLC patients. In conclusion, reduced miR-105-1 expression in NSCLC tissues is associated with poor OS and DFS of NSCLC patients.
Project description:To investigate the expression level of microRNA-101-3p (miR-101-3p) and its possible association with progression, prognosis and chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the expression in 327 NSCLC and 42 adjacent normal lung tissues, of which 42 viable tissues were paired with nearby normal lung tissues. Based on the Cox regression model, univariate and multivariate analyses were used to address the factors that had effects on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rate. Data from the GEO database demonstrated that the miR-101-3p expression in NSCLC was downregulated, compared with normal lung cancer. Survival analysis through univariate and multivariate models indicated that the miR-101-3p expression level was a crucial risk factor for OS and DFS in patients with NSCLC. A number of clinical parameters were determined to be associated with miR-101-3p expression, including tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis and tumor-node-metastasis stage. Adjuvant chemotherapy with high expression of miR-101-3p was determined to increase OS and DFS in patients with NSCLC, compared with patients with de novo or low expression of miR-101-3p. The present results demonstrated that miR-101-3p expression levels were associated with NSCLC progression and prognosis, which indicated that miR-101-3p may serve as a biomarker for patients with NSCLC who have received adjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with a low 5-year survival rate even in fully resected early-stage disease. Novel biomarkers to identify patients at higher risk of relapse are needed. We studied the prognostic value of 84 circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in 182 patients with resected early-stage NSCLC (99 adenocarcinoma (ADC), 83 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)) from whom peripheral blood samples were collected pre-surgery. miRNA expression was analyzed in relation to disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). In univariable analyses, five miRNAs (miR-26a-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-130b-3p, miR-205-5p, and miR-21-5p) were significantly associated with DFS in SCC, and four (miR-130b-3p, miR-26a-5p, miR-126-3p, and miR-205-5p) remained significantly associated with OS. In ADC, miR-222-3p, miR-22-3p, and mir-93-5p were significantly associated with DFS, miR-22-3p remaining significant for OS. Given the high-dimensionality of the dataset, multivariable models were obtained using a regularized Cox regression including all miRNAs and clinical covariates. After adjustment for disease stage, only miR-126-3p showed an independent prognostic role, with higher values associated with longer DFS in SCC patients. With regard to ADC and OS, no miRNA remained significant in multivariable analysis. Further investigation into the role of miR-126 as a prognostic marker in early-stage NSCLC is warranted.
Project description:The prognostic significance of MicroRNA-148/152 (miR-148/152) family expression in various cancers has been investigated by many studies with inconsistent results. To address this issue, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify this relationship.Eligible studies were recruited by a systematic literature search and assessed the quality of included studies based on Quality In Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS) and disease free survival/progressive free survival/recurrence free survival (DFS/PFS/RFS) were calculated to estimate the effects of miR-148/152 family expression on prognosis.A final total of 23 articles (26 studies) were considered in evidence synthesis. A significant association was observed between low miR-148a level and poor OS in patients (HR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.14 - 2.20, P = 0.00), especially with digestive tract cancer (DTC) (HR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.03-1.63, P = 0.03), and another significant association was observed between low miR-148b level and poor OS in patients (HR=2.09, 95% CI: 1.70-2.56, P = 0.00), especially with (hepatocellular carcinoma) HCC (HR = 1.97, 95% Cl: 1.52-2.56, P = 0.00) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (HR = 2.29, 95% Cl: 1.64-3.18, P = 0.00). The significant correlation between miR-152 and DFS/RFS was found in our research (HR = 3.49, 95% Cl: 1.13-10.08, P = 0.03).Our findings suggest that low miR-148/152 family expression is significantly associated with poor prognosis and may be a feasible prognostic biomarker in some cancers, especially in HCC and NSCLC.
Project description:Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 12 (PTPN12) has been considered to be a tumor suppressor in human cancer, but its clinical and prognostic significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been well elucidated.A retrospective analysis of 215 patients with surgically resected NSCLCs from Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between April 2002 and March 2005 was performed using immunohistochemistry and Western Blot to analyze PTPN12 expression. The association between PTPN12 expression and patient survival was investigated.Western Blots showed that the expression level of PTPN12 were higher in normal paracancerous lung tissues than in NSCLC tissues. High PTPN12 expression was less common in the presence than in the absence of visceral pleural invasion (p=0.038). Patients with PTPN12-high tumors had a longer disease-free survival (DFS) (P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (p<0.001), especially for those with non-squamous cell carcinoma (non-SCC) (DFS, p<0.001; OS, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed that PTPN12 positivity was associated with increased survival duration (DFS, p<0.001; OS, p<0.001), independent of prognostic indicator.High PTPN12 expressive levels are associated with favorable survival duration in patients with NSCLC, especially those with non-SCC. Our study suggests that PTPN12 expression is a valuable prognostic biomarker for NSCLC patients.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to explore the correlation of A-kinase-interacting protein 1 (AKIP1) expression with clinical characteristics as well as survival profiles in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, and further investigate its underlying effect on regulating NSCLC cell functions. METHODS:319 NSCLC patients who underwent resection were consecutively reviewed, and AKIP1 expression (in 319 tumor tissues and 145 adjacent tissues) was determined by immunohistochemistry. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated. In vitro, control overexpression, AKIP1 overexpression, control shRNA and AKIP1 shRNA plasmids were transfected into A549 cells to evaluate the effect of AKIP1 on cell proliferation and apoptosis. RESULTS:A-kinase-interacting protein 1 expression was increased in tumor tissues compared to adjacent tissues, and it positively correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage in NSCLC patients. Kaplan-Meier curves displayed that AKIP1 high expression correlated with worse DFS and OS, and multivariate Cox's regression revealed that it was an independent predictive factor for poor survival profiles. In vitro experiments displayed that AKIP1 expression was elevated in PC9 and A549 cells compared to normal lung epithelial cells; moreover, cell proliferation was increased by AKIP1 upregulation but reduced by AKIP1 downregulation, and cell apoptosis was decreased by AKIP1 upregulation but increased by AKIP downregulation in A549 cells. Interestingly, AKIP1 promoted fibronectin and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 expressions while reduced E-cadherin expression in A549 cells. CONCLUSION:A-kinase-interacting protein 1 overexpression correlates with deteriorative tumor features and worse survival profiles and promotes cell proliferation but represses apoptosis in NSCLC.
Project description:Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, with a high rate of malignancy and mortality. Seeking new biomarkers and potential drug targets is urgent for effective treatment of the disease. Deubiquitinase UCHL5/UCH37, as an important component of the 26S proteasome, plays critical roles in ubiquitinated substrate degradation. Although previous studies have shown that UCHL5 promotes tumorigenesis, its role in lung cancer remains largely unknown. In this study, we evaluated the expression and clinical significance of UCHL5 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The results demonstrated that the UCHL5 expression level was significantly upregulated in NSCLC tissues compared with the adjacent noncancerous tissues. The level of UCHL5 was associated with tumor size, lymph node invasion, TNM stage and malignant tumor history in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Importantly, high UCHL5 expression predicted a poor overall survival (OS) and a poor disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with LUAD. Univariate regression analysis showed that tumor size, lymph node invasion, TNM stage and UCHL5 expression were associated with OS and DFS in patients with LUAD. The multivariate analysis indicated that the UCHL5 expression level was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR=1.171, 95% CI=1.052-1.303) and DFS (HR=1.143, 95% CI=1.031-1.267) in these patients. UCHL5 knockdown in LUAD cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation and reduced the expression of key cell cycle proteins. These findings indicate that UCHL5 may serve as a potential prognostic marker and a new therapeutic target for patients with LUAD.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to explore the correlation of forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1) with clinicopathological features and survival profiles in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS:A total of 238 NSCLC patients with TNM stage I-III who underwent surgical resection were reviewed, and the expression of FOXQ1 in tumor and paired adjacent tissue was detected using immunohistochemistry assays. The clinical data and survival data of patients with NSCLC were retrieved and calculated. RESULTS:FOXQ1 expression was increased in tumor tissue (61.3% high expression and 38.7% low expression) compared with paired adjacent tissue (37.8% high expression and 62.2% low expression) (P < .001). In addition, high FOXQ1 expression was associated with larger tumor size (P = .042), lymph node metastasis (P = .040), and advanced TNM stage (P = .002). Disease-free survival (DFS) (P = .016) and overall survival (OS) (P = .008) were both reduced in patients with high FOXQ1 expression compared with patients with low FOXQ1 expression. Additionally, high FOXQ1 expression (P = .043), poor pathological differentiation (P = .003), and lymph node metastasis (P < .001) were independent risk factors for DFS, and high FOXQ1 expression (P = .021), tumor size (>5 cm) (P = .014), and lymph node metastasis (P < .001) were independent risk factors for OS. CONCLUSION:High FOXQ1 expression is associated with advanced tumor features as well as undesirable survival profiles in patients with NSCLC, implying the potential prognostic value of FOXQ1 for NSCLC.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most aggressive cancer and the prognosis of these patients is unfavorable. We revealed that the expression levels of both strands of miR-99a (miR-99a-5p and miR-99a-3p) were significantly suppressed in several cancer tissues. Analyses of large The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets showed that reduced miR-99a-5p or miR-99a-3p expression is associated with worse prognoses in LUAD patients (disease-free survival (DFS): p = 0.1264 and 0.0316; overall survival (OS): p = 0.0176 and 0.0756, respectively). Ectopic expression of these miRNAs attenuated LUAD cell proliferation, suggesting their tumor-suppressive roles. Our in silico analysis revealed 23 putative target genes of pre-miR-99a in LUAD cells. Among these targets, high expressions of 19 genes were associated with worse prognoses in LUAD patients (OS: p < 0.05). Notably, FAM64A was regulated by both miR-99a-5p and miR-99a-3p in LUAD cells, and its aberrant expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis in LUAD patients (OS: p = 0.0175; DFS: p = 0.0276). FAM64A knockdown using siRNAs suggested that elevated FAM64A expression contributes to cancer progression. Aberrant FAM64A expression was detected in LUAD tissues by immunostaining. Taken together, our miRNA-based analysis might be effective for identifying prognostic and therapeutic molecules in LUAD.
Project description:Purpose: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated as effective markers for cancer detection and prognosis prediction. The aim of this study was to determine whether tissue PART1 could be used as a biomarker for prognosis prediction of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: PART1 expression was detected in 208 cases of stage I-III NSCLC specimens and adjacent normal tissues. The Cox proportional-hazards regression model was used to analyze the association between PART1 expression and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of the patients. Results: It was found that the expression of PART1 was significantly up-regulated in 73.1% (152/208) stage I-III NSCLC specimens compared with adjacent normal tissues. High tissue PART1 expression was associated with shorter OS and could serve as an independent prognostic biomarker in stage I-III NSCLC patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.18-3.78, P = 0.012). In addition, high tissue PART1 expression indicated poor DFS in stage I-III NSCLC patients (HR = 1.94, 95% CI: 1.37-2.76, P < 0.001). Conclusions: PART1 may prove to be a promising biomarker for prediction of survival and tumor recurrence in stage I-III NSCLC.
Project description:Increasing evidence supports that microRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene regulation plays a significant functional role in cancer progression. To investigate the expression and clinical significance of ITGB1 in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the expression levels of ITGB1 in NSCLC tissues and human normal lung tissues were analyzed in silico using genes microarray, KEGG pathway and hierarchical clustering analysis followed by validation with quantitative RT-PCR. Our results showed that ITGB1 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues when compared with normal lung tissues. Survival analysis based on the qRT-PCR data established that ITGB1 expression was attentively related to the prognosis of NSCLC, and patients with higher ITGB1 expression had shorter overall survival (OS). Moreover, ITGB1 was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-493-5p. Furthermore, concomitant high expression of ITGB1 and low expression of miR-493-5p correlated with a shorter median OS and PFS in NSCLC patients. In conclusion, our results provide the first evidence that ITGB1 is a direct target of miR-493-5p suggesting that ITGB1 and miR-493-5p may have potential prognostic value and may be useful as tumor biomarkers for the diagnosis of NSCLC patients.