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Association mapping for total polyphenol content, total flavonoid content and antioxidant activity in barley.


ABSTRACT: The interest has been increasing on the phenolic compounds in plants because of their nutritive function as food and the roles regulating plant growth. However, their underlying genetic mechanism in barley is still not clear.A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted for total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (FLC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) in 67 cultivated and 156 Tibetan wild barley genotypes. Most markers associated with phenolic content were different in cultivated and wild barleys. The markers bPb-0572 and bPb-4531 were identified as the major QTLs controlling phenolic compounds in Tibetan wild barley. Moreover, the marker bPb-4531 was co-located with the UDP- glycosyltransferase gene (HvUGT), which is a homolog to Arabidopsis UGTs and involved in biosynthesis of flavonoid glycosides .GWAS is an efficient tool for exploring the genetic architecture of phenolic compounds in the cultivated and Tibetan wild barleys. The DArT markers applied in this study can be used in barley breeding for developing new barley cultivars with higher phenolics content. The candidate gene (HvUGT) provides a potential route for deep understanding of the molecular mechanism of flavonoid synthesis.

SUBMITTER: Han Z 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5784657 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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