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A novel human induced pluripotent stem cell blood-brain barrier model: Applicability to study antibody-triggered receptor-mediated transcytosis.

ABSTRACT: We have developed a renewable, scalable and transgene free human blood-brain barrier model, composed of brain endothelial cells (BECs), generated from human amniotic fluid derived induced pluripotent stem cells (AF-iPSC), which can also give rise to syngeneic neural cells of the neurovascular unit. These AF-iPSC-derived BECs (i-BEC) exhibited high transendothelial electrical resistance (up to 1500?? cm2) inducible by astrocyte-derived molecular cues and retinoic acid treatment, polarized expression of functional efflux transporters and receptor mediated transcytosis triggered by antibodies against specific receptors. In vitro human BBB models enable pre-clinical screening of central nervous system (CNS)-targeting drugs and are of particular importance for assessing species-specific/selective transport mechanisms. This i-BEC human BBB model discriminates species-selective antibody- mediated transcytosis mechanisms, is predictive of in vivo CNS exposure of rodent cross-reactive antibodies and can be implemented into pre-clinical CNS drug discovery and development processes.

SUBMITTER: Ribecco-Lutkiewicz M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5789839 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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