Integrative analysis of long non-coding RNAs and messenger RNA expression profiles in systemic lupus erythematosus.
ABSTRACT: Thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported and represent an important subset of pervasive genes associated with a broad range of biological functions. Abnormal expression levels of lncRNAs have been demonstrated in multiple types of human disease. However, the role of lncRNAs in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains poorly understood. In the present study, the expression patterns of lncRNAs and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were investigated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in SLE using Human lncRNA Array v3.0 (8x60 K; Arraystar, Inc., Rockville, MD, USA). The microarray results indicated that 8,868 lncRNAs (3,657 upregulated and 5,211 downregulated) and 6,876 mRNAs (2,862 upregulated and 4,014 downregulated) were highly differentially expressed in SLE samples compared with the healthy group. Gene ontology (GO) analysis of lncRNA target prediction indicated the presence of 474 matched lncRNA?mRNA pairs for 293 differentially expressed lncRNAs (fold change, ?3.0) and 381 differentially expressed mRNAs (fold change, ?3.0). The most enriched pathways were 'Transcriptional misregulation in cancer' and 'Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation'. Furthermore, reverse transcription?quantitative polymerase chain reaction data verified six abnormal lncRNAs and mRNAs in SLE. The results indicate that the lncRNA expression profile in SLE was significantly changed. In addition, a range of SLE?associated lncRNAs were identified. Thus, the present results provide important insights regarding lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of SLE.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could affect the function of moDCs. The aim of this study was to explore the lncRNA expression profile in moDCs of SLE patients to provide new insights into SLE. METHODS:LncRNA and mRNA microarrays were performed to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in moDCs of SLE patients compared with normal controls. Bioinformatics analysis was also performed. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to validate the results, and correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between these aberrantly expressed lncRNAs and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores. RESULTS:According to the gene expression profiles, 163 lncRNAs were differentially expressed between SLE and normal controls, including 118 that were upregulated and 45 that were downregulated. A total of 137 mRNAs were differentially expressed in moDCs of patients with SLE, including 83 that were upregulated and 54 that were downregulated. Furthermore, qPCR data showed that lncRNA ENST00000604411.1 (18.23-fold, P <?0.001) and ENST00000501122.2 (1.96-fold, P <?0.001) were upregulated and the other two lncRNAs, lnc-HSFY2-3:3 (0.42-fold, P <?0.001) and lnc-SERPINB9-1:2 (0.50-fold, P =?0.040), were downregulated in moDCs of SLE patients. The expression levels of ENST00000604411.1 (r =?0.593, P =?0.020) and ENST00000501122.2 (r =?0.539, P =?0.038) were positively correlated with the SLEDAI score, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The results indicate that the abnormal expression of lncRNAs in moDCs may be involved in the pathological processes of SLE. The expression level of ENST00000604411.1 and ENST00000501122.2 may have potential value for the assessment of disease activity in SLE.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>A great deal of research has reported dysregulated expression of genes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to analyze the lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA expression profile in SLE.<h4>Material and methods</h4>RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to detect the dysregulated RNAs in SLE. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways analysis were used to explore the function of these differentially expressed RNAs.<h4>Results</h4>2,353 lncRNAs, 827 mRNAs and 24 miRNAs were shown to be differentially expressed. GO analyses demonstrated that differentially expressed RNAs were enriched in a variety of molecular functions and biological processes including ribonucleotide, protein serine/threonine kinase activity function, regulation of B cell differentiation and others. KEGG pathway analyses revealed that differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were both enriched in Fc?R-mediated phagocytosis, glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis-chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate and glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism pathways. The up-regulated miRNAs target genes were mainly enriched in the nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) signaling pathway. The down-regulated miRNAs target genes were significantly enriched in metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, bile secretion and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathways.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The current study reveals a comprehensive expression profile of lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs and implies potential regulatory functions of these RNAs which are involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.
Project description:Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the expression pattern and function of lncRNAs in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are still unclear. To investigate the aberrantly expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in advanced LSCC, we screened lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in 9 pairs of primary Stage IVA LSCC tissues and adjacent non-neoplastic tissues by lncRNA and mRNA integrated microarrays. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis were performed to find out the significant function and pathway of the differentially expressed mRNAs, gene-gene functional interaction network and ceRNA network were constructed to select core mRNAs, and lncRNA-mRNA expression correlation network was built to identify the interactions between lncRNA and mRNA. qRT-PCR was performed to further validate the expressions of selected lncRNAs and mRNAs in advanced LSCC. We found 1459 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 2381 differentially expressed mRNAs, including 846 up-regulated lncRNAs and 613 down-regulated lncRNAs, 1542 up-regulated mRNAs and 839 down-regulated mRNAs. The mRNAs ITGB1, HIF1A, and DDIT4 were selected as core mRNAs, which are mainly involved in biological processes, such as matrix organization, cell cycle, adhesion, and metabolic pathway. LncRNA-mRNA expression correlation network showed LncRNA NR_027340, MIR31HG were positively correlated with ITGB1, HIF1A respectively. LncRNA SOX2-OT was negatively correlated with DDIT4. qRT-PCR further validated the expression of these lncRNAs and mRNAs. The work provides convincing evidence that the identified lncRNAs and mRNAs are potential biomarkers in advanced LSCC for further future studies.
Project description:Not much is known about the roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) for chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we included CKD patient cohorts and normal controls as a discovery cohort to identify putative lncRNA biomarkers associated with CKD. We first compared the lncRNA expression profiles of CKD patients with normal controls, and identified differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. Co-expression network based on the enriched differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs was constructed using WGCNA to identify important modules related to CKD. A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA pathway network based on the hub lncRNAs and mRNAs, related miRNAs, and overlapping pathways was further constructed to reveal putative biomarkers. A total of 821 significantly differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were screened between CKD and control samples, which were enriched in nine modules using weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), especially brown and yellow modules. Co-expression network based on the enriched differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs in brown and yellow modules uncovered 7 hub lncRNAs and 53 hub mRNAs. A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA pathway network further revealed that lncRNAs of HCP5 and NOP14-AS1 and genes of CCND2, COL3A1, COL4A1, and RAC2 were significantly correlated with CKD. The lncRNAs of NOP14-AS1 and HCP5 were potential prognostic biomarkers for predicting the risk of CKD.
Project description:To screen the differentially expressed lncRNAs, we performed lncRNA profiling using ArrayStar Human LncRNA Microarray in 24 new-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and 12 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). For the lncRNA microarray screening, total RNA from plasma was isolated from 12 SLE without nephritis, 12 lupus nephritis (LN) and 12 HCs. Four RNA samples were mixed togther as a pool of sample for microarray analysis. Accordingly, there were each three pooled RNA samples from 12 SLE without nephritis, 12 LN and 12 HCs for microarray analysis. Hierarchical clustering showed the plasma levels of lncRNAs and mRNAs differed significantly between 24 new-onset SLE patients and 12 control subjects. With a fold change ≥ 2 and P ≤ 0.05, we identified 1315 significantly differentially expressed lncRNAs (743 lncRNAs up-regulated and 572 lncRNAs down-regulated) and 1363 differentially expressed mRNAs (745 mRNAs up-regulated and 618 mRNAs down-regulated) in plasma of SLE patients compared with control samples. Overall design: The human LncRNA microarray analysis of the 9 plasma samples from systemic lupus erythematosus patients and healthy controls
Project description:BACKGROUND:The multiple causes of oligohydramnios make it challenging to study. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are sets of RNAs that have been proven to function in multiple biological processes. The purpose of this study is to study expression level and possible role of lncRNAs in oligohydramnios. METHODS:In this study, total RNA was isolated from fetal membranes resected from oligohydramnios pregnant women (OP) and normal amount of amniotic fluid pregnant women (Normal). LncRNA microarray was used to analyze the differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was used to analyze the main enrichment pathways of differentially expressed mRNAs. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to validate the lncRNA expression level. RESULTS:LncRNA microarray analysis revealed that a total of 801 lncRNAs and 367 mRNAs were differentially expressed in OP; in these results, 638 lncRNAs and 189 mRNAs were upregulated, and 163 lncRNAs and 178 mRNAs were downregulated. Of the lncRNAs, 566 were intergenic lncRNAs, 351 were intronic antisense lncRNAs, and 300 were natural antisense lncRNAs. The differentially expressed lncRNAs were primarily located in chromosomes 2, 1, and 11. KEGG enrichment pathways revealed that the differentially expressed mRNAs were enriched in focal adhesion as well as in the signaling pathways of Ras, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), estrogen, and chemokine. The qPCR results confirmed that LINC00515 and RP11-388P9.2 were upregulated in OP. Furthermore, the constructed lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network revealed tenascin R (TNR), cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 12 (ABCA12), and collagen 9A2 (COL9A2) as the candidate targets of LINC00515 and RP11-388P9.2. CONCLUSIONS:In summary, we revealed the profiles of lncRNA and mRNA in OP. These results might offer potential targets for biological prevention for pregnant women with oligohydramnios detected before delivery and provided a reliable basis for clinical biological treatment in OP.
Project description:The present study investigated the role of abnormally expressed mRNA and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). We used lncRNA sequencing to analyze the transcriptome (mRNA and lncRNA) of five pairs of CRC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The total expression of mRNAs and lncRNAs in each sample was determined using the R package and the gene expression was calculated using normalized FPKM. The structural features and expression of all detected lncRNAs were compared with those of mRNAs. Differentially expressed mRNAs were selected to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses. The functional analysis of differentially expressed lncRNAs was performed by analyzing the GO and KEGG enrichment of predicted cis-regulated target genes. A total of 18.2 × 108 reads were obtained by sequencing, in which the clean reads reached ? 94.67%, with a total of 245.2 G bases. The number of mRNAs and lncRNAs differentially expressed in CRC tissues and normal tissues were 113 and 6, respectively. Further predictive analysis of target genes of lncRNAs revealed that six lncRNA genes had potential cis-regulatory effects on 13 differentially expressed mRNA genes and co-expressed with 53 mRNAs. Up-regulated CTD-2256P15.4 and RP11-229P13.23 were the most important lncRNAs in these CRC tissues and involved in cell proliferation and pathway in cancer. In conclusion, our study provides evidence regarding the mRNA and lncRNA transcription in CRC tissues, as well as new insights into the lncRNAs and mRNAs involved in the development of CRC.
Project description:Chordoma is a rare bone cancer originating from embryologic notochordal remnants. Clival chordomas show different dural penetration ability, with serious dural penetration exhibiting poorer prognosis. The molecular mechanism of dural penetration is not clear. We analyzed lncRNA and mRNA profiles in 12 chordoma patients with different degrees of dural penetration using expression microarrays. The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were used to construct a lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network. LncRNAs were classified into lincRNA, enhancer-like lncRNA, or antisense lncRNA. Biological functions for lncRNAs were predicted according to the lncRNA-mRNA network and adjacent coding genes by pathway analysis. The 2760 lncRNAs and 3988 mRNAs were differentially expressed in chordomas between two groups of patients with and without dural penetration. Possible pathway involvement of the significance among the 55 lncRNAs located in the lncRNA-mRNA network, 24 lincRNAs, 7 enhancer-like lncRNAs, and 14 antisense lncRNAs include cell adhesion, metastasis, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis. Expression of 10 lncRNAs and mRNAs, and epidermal growth factor mRNA with two identified lncRNAs were subsequently verified by qRT-PCR in chordoma tissues. Our report predicts the biological functions of many lncRNAs which may be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers as well as therapeutic targets during the process of dural penetration in chordoma.
Project description:Objective. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to regulate many biological processes including differentiation. However, their role in osteogenic differentiation was poorly known. Materials and Methods. In this study, we first globally profiled the differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs during osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs). Bioinformatics analysis was performed to further analyze these significantly changed molecules. Then the role of lncRNA ENST00000502125.2 in the osteogenic differentiation was determined. Results. A number of lncRNAs and mRNAs were significantly differentially expressed during hBMMSC osteogenic differentiation. Among them, 433 lncRNAs and 956 mRNAs were continuously upregulated, while 232 lncRNAs and 229 mRNAs were continuously downregulated. Gene Ontology and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) analysis showed that carbohydrate derivative binding and complement and coagulation cascades were most correlated molecular function and pathway, respectively. Downregulation of lncRNA ENST00000502125.2 promoted the osteogenic differentiation of hBMMSCs, and opposite results were found when lncRNA ENST00000502125.2 was upregulated. Conclusions. lncRNAs play a critical role in the osteogenic differentiation of hBMMSCs and targeting lncRNA ENST00000502125.2 might be a promising strategy to promote osteogenic differentiation.
Project description:Atherosclerosis is the pathological basis of cardiovascular disease. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) aggravates atherosclerosis, and chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) as a prominent feature of OSA plays an important role during the process of atherosclerosis. The mechanisms of CIH in the development of atherosclerosis remain unclear. In the current study, we used microarray to investigate differentially expressed mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in aorta from five groups of ApoE-/- mice fed with a high-fat diet and exposed to various conditions: normoxia for 8 weeks, CIH for 8 weeks, normoxia for 12 weeks, CIH for 12 weeks, or CIH for 8 weeks followed by normoxia for 4 weeks. Selected transcripts were validated in aorta tissues and RT-qPCR analysis showed correlation with the microarray data. Gene Ontology analysis and pathway enrichment analysis were performed to explore the mRNA function. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that short-term CIH induced up-regulated mRNAs involved in inflammatory response. Pathway enrichment analysis of lncRNA co-localized mRNAs and lncRNA co-expressed mRNAs were performed to explore lncRNA functions. The up-regulated mRNAs, lncRNA co-localized mRNAs and lncRNA co-expressed mRNAs were significantly associated with protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum pathway in atherosclerotic vascular tissue with long-term CIH exposure, suggesting that differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs play important roles in this pathway. Moreover, a mRNA-lncRNA co-expression network with 380 lncRNAs, 508 mRNAs and 3238 relationships was constructed based on the correlation analysis between the differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs. In summary, our study provided a systematic perspective on the potential function of mRNAs and lncRNAs in CIH-aggravated atherosclerosis, and may provide novel molecular candidates for future investigation on atherosclerosis exposed to CIH.