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Potential effects of ultraviolet radiation reduction on tundra nitrous oxide and methane fluxes in maritime Antarctica.

ABSTRACT: Stratospheric ozone has begun to recover in Antarctica since the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. However, the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on tundra greenhouse gas fluxes are rarely reported for Polar Regions. In the present study, tundra N2O and CH4 fluxes were measured under the simulated reduction of UV radiation in maritime Antarctica over the last three-year summers. Significantly enhanced N2O and CH4 emissions occurred at tundra sites under the simulated reduction of UV radiation. Compared with the ambient normal UV level, a 20% reduction in UV radiation increased tundra emissions by an average of 8??g N2O m-2 h-1 and 93??g CH4 m-2 h-1, whereas a 50% reduction in UV radiation increased their emissions by an average of 17??g N2O m-2 h-1 and 128??g CH4 m-2 h-1. No statistically significant correlation (P?>?0.05) was found between N2O and CH4 fluxes and soil temperature, soil moisture, total carbon, total nitrogen, NO3--N and NH4+-N contents. Our results confirmed that UV radiation intensity is an important factor affecting tundra N2O and CH4 fluxes in maritime Antarctica. Exclusion of the effects of reduced UV radiation might underestimate their budgets in Polar Regions with the recovery of stratospheric ozone.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5829069 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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