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Variable impairment of platelet functions in patients with severe, genetically linked immune deficiencies.

ABSTRACT: In patients with dysfunctions of the Ca2+ channel ORAI1, stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) or integrin-regulating kindlin-3 (FERMT3), severe immunodeficiency is frequently linked to abnormal platelet activity. In this paper, we studied platelet responsiveness by multiparameter assessment of whole blood thrombus formation under high-shear flow conditions in 9 patients, including relatives, with confirmed rare genetic mutations of ORAI1, STIM1 or FERMT3. In platelets isolated from 5 out of 6 patients with ORAI1 or STIM1 mutations, store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) was either completely or partially defective compared to control platelets. Parameters of platelet adhesion and aggregation on collagen microspots were impaired for 4 out of 6 patients, in part related to a low platelet count. For 4 patients, platelet adhesion/aggregation and procoagulant activity on von Willebrand Factor (VWF)/rhodocytin and VWF/fibrinogen microspots were impaired independently of platelet count, and were partly correlated with SOCE deficiency. Measurement of thrombus formation at low shear rate confirmed a greater impairment of platelet functionality in the ORAI1 patients than in the STIM1 patient. For 3 patients/relatives with a FERMT3 mutation, all parameters of thrombus formation were strongly reduced regardless of the microspot. Bone marrow transplantation, required by 2 patients, resulted in overall improvement of platelet function. We concluded that multiparameter assessment of whole blood thrombus formation in a surface-dependent way can detect: i) additive effects of low platelet count and impaired platelet functionality; ii) aberrant ORAI1-mediated Ca2+ entry; iii) differences in platelet activation between patients carrying the same ORAI1 mutation; iv) severe platelet function impairment linked to a FERMT3 mutation and bleeding history.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5830379 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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