Serum exosomes can restore cellular function in vitro and be used for diagnosis in dysferlinopathy.
ABSTRACT: Purpose: It is challenging to deliver the full-length dysferlin gene or protein to restore cellular functions of dysferlin-deficient (DYSF-/-) myofibres in dysferlinopathy, a disease caused by the absence of dysferlin, which is currently without effective treatment. Exosomes, efficient membranous nanoscale carriers of biological cargoes, could be useful. Experimental design: Myotube- and human serum-derived exosomes were investigated for their capabilities of restoring dysferlin protein and cellular functions in murine and human DYSF-/- cells. Moreover, dysferlinopathic patient serum- and urine-derived exosomes were assessed for their abilities as diagnostic tools for dysferlinopathy. Results: Here we show that exosomes from dysferlin-expressing myotubes carry abundant dysferlin and enable transfer of full-length dysferlin protein to DYSF-/- myotubes. Exogenous dysferlin correctly localizes on DYSF-/- myotube membranes, enabling membrane resealing in response to injury. Human serum exosomes also carry dysferlin protein and improve membrane repair capabilities of human DYSF-/- myotubes irrespective of mutations. Lack of dysferlin in dysferlinopathic patient serum and urine exosomes enables differentiation between healthy controls and dysferlinopathic patients. Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence that exosomes are efficient carriers of dysferlin and can be employed for the treatment and non-invasive diagnosis of dysferlinopathy.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC5835933 | BioStudies |