Dataset Information


Synergistic Integration of Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Hydrostatic Pressure in the Expansion and Maintenance of Human Hematopoietic/Progenitor Cells.

ABSTRACT: Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) has been investigated to improve the clinical outcome of HSPC transplantation. However, ex vivo expansion of HSPCs still faces a major obstacle in that HPSCs tend to differentiate when proliferating. Here, we cocultured HSPCs with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and divided the HSPCs into two fractions according to whether they came into adherent to MSCs or not. Additionally, we used hydrostatic pressure (HP) to mimic the physical conditions in vivo. Even nonadherent cells expanded to yield a significantly larger number of total nucleated cells (TNCs), adherent cells maintained the HSPC phenotype (CD34+, CD34+CD38-, and CD133+CD38-) to a greater extent than nonadherent cells and had superior clonogenic potential. Moreover, applying HP significantly increased the number of TNCs, the frequency of the immature HSPC phenotype, and the clonogenic potential. Furthermore, the genetic markers for the HSPC niche were significantly increased under HP. Our data suggest that the nonadherent fraction is the predominant site of HSPC expansion, whereas the adherent fraction seems to mimic the HSPC niche for immature cells. Moreover, HP has a synergistic effect on expansion and functional maintenance. This first study utilizing HP has a potential of designing clinically applicable expansion systems.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5848107 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6434478 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7504340 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4981340 | BioStudies
2013-01-31 | E-GEOD-34972 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5105341 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6438964 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5451425 | BioStudies
2016-05-16 | E-GEOD-76684 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5941997 | BioStudies
2021-01-01 | S-EPMC7937567 | BioStudies