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Formation of tyrosine radicals in photosystem II under far-red illumination.


ABSTRACT: Photosystem II (PS II) contains two redox-active tyrosine residues on the donor side at symmetrical positions to the primary donor, P680. TyrZ, part of the water-oxidizing complex, is a preferential fast electron donor while TyrD is a slow auxiliary donor to P680+. We used PS II membranes from spinach which were depleted of the water oxidation complex (Mn-depleted PS II) to study electron donation from both tyrosines by time-resolved EPR spectroscopy under visible and far-red continuous light and laser flash illumination. Our results show that under both illumination regimes, oxidation of TyrD occurs via equilibrium with TyrZ• at pH 4.7 and 6.3. At pH 8.5 direct TyrD oxidation by P680+ occurs in the majority of the PS II centers. Under continuous far-red light illumination these reactions were less effective but still possible. Different photochemical steps were considered to explain the far-red light-induced electron donation from tyrosines and localization of the primary electron hole (P680+) on the ChlD1 in Mn-depleted PS II after the far-red light-induced charge separation at room temperature is suggested.

SUBMITTER: Ahmadova N 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5851703 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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