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Dosimetric comparison of helical tomotherapy and conventional Linac-based X-knife stereotactic body radiation therapy for primary lung cancer or pulmonary metastases.

ABSTRACT: Background:To compare helical tomotherapy (HT) with X-knife stereotactic body radiation therapy (HT-SBRT/X-SBRT) for primary or metastatic lung cancer regarding planning target volume (PTV) coverage, such as homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI) and dose-volume histogram (DVH) of organs at risk (OARs). Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 21 patients receiving definitive radiation treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or pulmonary metastases at our institution between March 2015 and October 2016. Tumors were irradiated with 4-10 Gy per fraction in 5-15 fractions. Plans were compared according to PTV coverage and OARs sparing. Results:Significant differences between HT and X-knife were observed for both HI (P=0.003) and CI (P<0.001). The V5 (P=0.001), V10 (P=0.009), V20 (P=0.001), the mean lung dose (P=0.005) of total lung and maximum dose of the spinal cord (P=0.010) were significantly lower in the X-SBRT group than the HT-SBRT group. There were no significant differences for the V30 (P=0.075) and the mean heart dose (P=0.584) between the two groups. Conclusions:X-SBRT was dosimetrically superior to HT-SBRT, when applied in these tumors' maximum diameters <5 cm. As HT resulted in increased low-dose volume, it is essential to optimize the patient selection in order to avoid severe radiation pneumonitis in HT-SBRT.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5864687 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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