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SK-216, a Novel Inhibitor of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1, Suppresses Lung Metastasis of Human Osteosarcoma.


ABSTRACT: Lung metastasis constitutes the leading cause of the death in patients with osteosarcoma. We have previously reported that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) regulates the invasion and lung metastasis of osteosarcoma cells in a mouse model and as well as in clinical samples. In the present study, we examined the anti-metastatic effect of SK-216, a small compound PAI-1 inhibitor, in human 143B osteosarcoma cells. An in vitro study showed that SK-216 treatment suppressed invasion activity by inhibiting PAI-1 expression in 143B cells, but had no influence on their proliferation or migration. 143B cells treated with SK-216 exhibited reduced matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) secretion in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, intraperitoneal injection of SK-216 into mouse models resulted in downregulation of PAI-1 expression levels in the primary tumors and showed suppression of lung metastases without influencing the proliferative activity of the tumor cells in the primary lesions. These results indicate that SK-216, a PAI-1 inhibitor, may serve as a novel drug to prevent lung metastasis in human osteosarcoma.

SUBMITTER: Tsuge M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5877597 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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