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ZEB1, ZEB2, and the miR-200 family form a counterregulatory network to regulate CD8+ T cell fates.


ABSTRACT: Long-term immunity depends partly on the establishment of memory CD8+ T cells. We identified a counterregulatory network between the homologous transcription factors ZEB1 and ZEB2 and the miR-200 microRNA family, which modulates effector CD8+ T cell fates. Unexpectedly, Zeb1 and Zeb2 had reciprocal expression patterns and were functionally uncoupled in CD8+ T cells. ZEB2 promoted terminal differentiation, whereas ZEB1 was critical for memory T cell survival and function. Interestingly, the transforming growth factor ? (TGF-?) and miR-200 family members, which counterregulate the coordinated expression of Zeb1 and Zeb2 during the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, inversely regulated Zeb1 and Zeb2 expression in CD8+ T cells. TGF-? induced and sustained Zeb1 expression in maturing memory CD8+ T cells. Meanwhile, both TGF-? and miR-200 family members selectively inhibited Zeb2. Additionally, the miR-200 family was necessary for optimal memory CD8+ T cell formation. These data outline a previously unknown genetic pathway in CD8+ T cells that controls effector and memory cell fate decisions.

SUBMITTER: Guan T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5881466 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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